Are cancer cells organisms

Bacteria and viruses as triggers

literature

<typolist type="1">

de Martel, C., et al., Global burden of cancers attributable to infections in 2008: a review and synthetic analysis. Lancet Oncol. 13 (2012) 607-615.

Hanahan, D., Weinberg, R.A., Hallmarks of Cancer: The Next Generation. Cell 144 (2011) 646-674.

Parkin, D.M., et al., Global cancer statistics, 2002. CA Cancer J. Clin. 55 (2005) 74-108.

De Flora, S., Bonanni, P., The prevention of infection-associated cancers. Carcinogenesis 32 (2011) 787-795.

Wroblewski, L.E., Peek, R.M., Jr., Wilson, K.T., Helicobacter pylori and Gastric Cancer: Factors That Modulate Disease Risk. Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 23 (2010) 713-739.

Fischer, W., et al., Strain-specific genes of Helicobacter pylori: genome evolution driven by a novel type IV secretion system and genomic island transfer. Nucleic Acids Res. 38 (2010) 6089-6101.

Polk, D.B., Peek, R.M., Helicobacter pylori: gastric cancer and beyond. Nat. Rev. Cancer 10 (2010) 403-414.

But, D. Y., Lai, C.-L., Yuen, M.-F., Natural history of hepatitis-related hepatocellular carcinoma. World J. Gastroenterol. 14 (2008) 1652-1656.

Tan, Y. J., Hepatitis B virus infection and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. World J. Gastroenterol. 17 (2011) 4853-4857.

Ganguly, N., Parihar, S.P., Human papillomavirus E6 and E7 oncoproteins as risk factors for tumorigenesis. J. Biosci. 34 (2009) 113-123.

Sherif, A., et al., Epstein-Barr virus-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. Human Pathol. 38 (2007) 1293-1304.

Cai, Q., et al., Molecular Biology of Kaposi's Sarcoma Herpesvirus and Related Oncogenesis. Adv. Virus Res. 78 (2010) 87-142.

Kannian, P., Green, P.L., Human T Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 (HTLV-1). Molecular Biology and Oncogenesis 2 (2010) 2037-2077.

Benamrouz, S., et al., Parasites and malignancies, a review, with emphasis on digestive cancer induced by Cryptosporidium parvum (Alveolata: Apicomplexa). Parasite 19 (2012) 101-115.