Will be legalized pot in NC
Smoking weed is permitted in California, but not in the United States
On January 1st, California, the most populous state, legalized the use of marijuana. Soon hundreds of thousands of dollars could flow into the treasury as a result. But a showdown with the Trump administration threatens.
With the New Year hippie dreams come true in California. Then the most populous state in the United States will fully legalize the use and cultivation of marijuana; so far this has been limited to medical needs. In the future, anyone aged 21 and over will be allowed to carry one ounce (28 grams) of the substance and grow up to six cannabis plants; Businesses can apply for sales licenses. It is forbidden to use it while driving a car or in public places where you are not allowed to smoke tobacco.
Confrontation with government
With this move, California is implementing a 2016 election: On the same November night that Donald Trump was elected president, citizens in the "Golden State" as well as in Nevada, Maine and Massachusetts voted to make marijuana consumption legal to pure To expand recreational use. California with its almost 40 million inhabitants will now suddenly be a larger marijuana market than all the other states put together that have already legalized cannabis, estimated Ethan Nadelmann of the Drug Policy Alliance in an interview with the Guardian.
As of Monday, 68 million Americans in a total of eight states as well as in the capital district of Washington are allowed to consume marijuana according to their own taste. Interestingly, this development is in contradiction to American law: According to federal law, cultivation and consumption of the intoxicant are still illegal, including for medical purposes. Marijuana falls into the category of controlled substances like heroin or LSD. However, the government has indicated that the member states are largely free as long as some form of regulation is guaranteed. A patchwork has been created in the USA: in some places consumption is completely prohibited, in other places it is only allowed for medical needs, in some states it is also decriminalized, so it is not punishable by law.
The Obama administration allowed the member states to do their bit as legalization progressed and adhered to the 2001 maxim that no federal funds should be used to prevent the medicinal use of cannabis. Trump's attorney general, Jeff Sessions, on the other hand, had already made a name for himself as a bitter opponent of "pot" as a senator from Alabama. He is said to have said of the Ku Klux Klan: "I liked the boys until I found out that many of them smoke weed." For him, marijuana is a gateway drug - a danger that other critics also emphasize. According to media reports, Sessions is working on measures to take stronger action against marijuana use and has formed a corresponding working group. President Trump seems to be behind him, so far he has only spoken out in favor of the medicinal use of cannabis products.
Now that California is facing full legalization, the conflict between state and state law could escalate. Because the federal authorities maintain their own checkpoints along the state border - and their officials naturally implement the federal law. In California, for example, there are eight such inland border checkpoints. If federal officials catch someone with even the smallest amount of marijuana, the person is liable to prosecution, including on California soil. However, such delinquents have hardly any priority for federal officials, a border guard employee recently told the AP news agency.
Sessions, however, could also arise from the population: According to the polling institute Gallup, which has been raising the mood in the country for cannabis legalization since 1969, 60 percent are now in favor; in the early years of the survey it was just 12 percent. In the coming year, 17 member states will vote on further liberalization of marijuana.
Tax office rings
The fact that California of all places, the former center of the hippie movement, is now comprehensively legalizing consumption should not only make the hearts of stoners beat faster - it also makes the tax fund ring. A 15 percent sales tax will be levied on all cannabis products in the future, plus a tax for cultivation and local taxes. Ultimately, 45 percent tax could be added to each joint. Already today, according to a study by the University of California, Davis, Californians spend 7.7 billion dollars annually on cannabis: about 2 billion dollars on medical use and 5.7 billion on the black market. The authors estimate that the latter will be at least half legal because buyers want to avoid the hassle, stigma, and legal risks associated with buying on the black market. According to an analysis by the Californian parliament, up to a billion dollars a year could be flushed into the state and local coffers.
In addition, according to the study, 1200 jobs could be created by testing cannabis products for purity in the future; Pesticides are then banned. Through multiplication effects, one calculates with a further 2000 digits. There are also opportunities for unions: The “green intoxication” will bring an opportunity for the unions from 2018 to expand their generally dwindling influence, said David Zonderman, professor of labor history at North Carolina State University, opposite the “New York Times”. The farmers union United Farm Workers is already in position. In Colorado, which was the first state to completely legalize marijuana use in 2012, you can already feel these economic effects: In the 2014/15 fiscal year, Denver earned almost 69 million dollars from taxes on marijuana products - two thirds more than from taxes on alcohol in the same period of time.
The legalization was apparently also able to give a slight boost to tourism. As a 2015 study commissioned by Colorado's tourism office shows, more and more tourists come to the region not only because of the good mountain air - but also because of the cannabis.
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