Is my child a genius

Smart children: These signs indicate giftedness

Asked about infinity, has Albert Einstein once replied that the universe and stupidity are infinite. Only about the universe is he not entirely sure. Einstein was a genius. Like him, many gifted people suffer from the stupidity and prejudice of those around them. Such people are often seen as the product of over-ambitious parents who raised them to be eccentrics with plenty of social problems. Of course that's nonsense. Because: Typically gifted does not exist. Unfortunately one falls Giftedness often only on when it is too abnormalitiesin everyday life comes.

How to recognize giftedness

There is about six-year-old Jannik, who feels underchallenged and disturbs the class. Or eight-year-old Jasmin, who prefers to play with older children and has no friends at school. Max is an excellent student at elementary school. But everything is too easy for him and he skips a class. Then the problems come at the secondary school. Max gets increasingly bad grades - he doesn't like studying and feels stupid. Max never learned to concentrate or learn.

Those are cases where a early recognition of giftedness protects children from difficulties. How can you recognize giftedness? The psychologists explain in their book “Gifted - and still happy” Herbert Horsch, Götz Müller and Hermann Josef Spicher: “Gifted children have a very good grasp'Have an' elephant memory 'and are good at making cross-connections between different issues ... When a child is characterized by the fact that he keeps a lot of things in his head, remembers details of vacation trips and conversations and links different statements with one another in his statements , then that is a sign of a high level of intellectual talent. ”Although that means little at first, it should nevertheless provide sufficient reason to consult a specialized psychologist who will standardize IQ tests performs. From an IQ of 130 people are considered gifted. That applies to about two percent of our population. The tests are important:

Why certain tests are so important for assessment

1. It belongs to Identity finding of a child knowing what's wrong with him.
2. The wrong upbringing and education leads to lasting problems.
3. Every child has the right to be individual advancement. Giftedness develops from genes. What comes out of it, however, depends very much on the environment. Ask for this, especially for the parents gifted children a real challenge. Seven-year-old Milena always wants to know everything. When she saw a one-legged man shopping, she asked her mother: “Why does he only have one leg?” The mother explains that the man's leg was probably removed for health reasons. Now, of course, Milena wants to know what kind of illness that can be.

At a young age the child is exhausting, later it becomes innovative

When the mother then reports of a bone-destroying disease, Milena is initially satisfied, but then wants to know exactly what the doctor is doing with the leg. Milena thinks about it, combines it and as soon as she finds something illogical, she picks up the question. What can be so exhausting is that Inquisitive spiritwhich in later years can lead to excellent innovations for society as a whole. Unfortunately, there is only one for gifted people insufficient funding opportunities. For the gifted researcher Professor Albert Ziegler it is downright depressing how little is being done in this country to promote the gifted. "We are lagging far behind internationally," explains the professor, who is also the general secretary of the international association of talent researchers(International Research Association for Talent Development and Excellence, IRATDE).

Every child must be encouraged according to their abilities

In doing so, every child needs support according to their individual needs Skills receive. This applies to less gifted children as well as to highly gifted children. “We lose opportunities every day. We would have to give more support in kindergarten. ”In fact, many institutions are currently developing concepts to support the gifted. The German society for gifted children(DGhK) provides corresponding links on

A child can be particularly gifted in sports, music or the arts

“With us, gifted people are not only born in the cognitive development promoted, but there is always an education of the entire personality. We give children space to learn in self-initiated projects, to get to know like-minded people, to develop their creativity, to quench their thirst for knowledge and to experience themselves as a member of a group ”, it says here. So it's perfect for holistic development. Because talent is by no means only related to intellectual potential, but also to sporting, musical or artistic achievements.

Suggestions for parenting teams who help out in the early years

Nevertheless, in the case of gifted people, the intellectual abilities in the centre. “A gifted child has the best prerequisites for absorbing, organizing and understanding information, drawing meaningful conclusions from it and acting appropriately. In addition, the gifted child is able to to learn faster and more and to implement this knowledge sensibly, ”write the experts Horsch, Müller and Spicher.

In your book you have a whole series of suggestions and recommendations for entire education and training teams. Because also here applies: education and education are not individual, but rather social tasks. Especially with gifted children, parents, educators, teachers and therapists should work together. In this “development partnership”, the parents are of particular importance. They are the point of contact, coordinators and carriers of information for the whole team.

Support through challenge

From their many years of experience in the Promotion of gifted children The three psychologists encourage concerned parents to find out whether their child needs more demands. If so, parents should not book a daily training program. You should devote more of your time to promoting by challenging and providing opportunities. Non-fiction books, literature, puzzle games, visits to the theater, zoo and cinema are usually much more effective than private lessons. The focus is on the strengths of the child and not the deficits. It is important for children to develop in those areas in which they have very good dispositions. Here you can get yours Efficiency explore. Experiencing their own strengths also supports the child in finding their own solutions in the event of problems.

These suggestions can help take the child away

  • Parents promote emotional and social skills: Talk to the child about happy and sad events and what people look like who are unhappy or happy. Foster empathy in the child so that they learn to empathize with others. That is the basis for being able to behave appropriately.
  • Trust in the child's abilities: Challenge it and trust it to solve problems and develop on its own. If a hurdle is too big, the parents will call out.
  • Development risks must be taken into account, so parents must provide development incentives:Insufficient requirements in primary school can lead to demotivation and then to learning problems in secondary school. Gifted children also need orientation. Therefore, challenge and encourage the child so that they can exert themselves according to their abilities and reach their potential.

"Inclusion" means tolerance towards the gifted

In their work with gifted young people with problems, the experts Horsch, Müller and Spicher found that those affected often Learn have not learned. The gifted are unable to use simple techniques to capture facts. Simply because nobody taught them it. The basis is simply missing. In an education scene that is slow but constant under the keyword "inclusion“Recognizes the diversity and difference of people as an opportunity, so gifted people should run into less prejudice. Because, according to researcher Ziegler: “Giftedness is the most beautiful quality one can have”.

10 tips for giftedness

1. Your child can memorize facts quickly and easily, has an 'elephant memory'.
2. It is good at generalizing facts and problems. It recognizes similarities and differences well.
3. Your child understands and speaks many words, speaks fluently and expresses himself clearly.
4. It turns to letters and numbers early. Reads, writes and calculates early.
5. It paints and draws at a high level and creates elaborate details.
6. Your child is creative, imaginative and has unusual ideas and solutions.
7. It is highly active, does not tire easily, has a lot of energy and stamina.
8. It is always interested in new things, asks a lot and wants to know everything.
9. Your child wants to make their own experiences, try them out and go their own way.
10. Language and motor skills develop early and quickly skips development phases.

What does the intelligence quotient (IQ) say?

The Intelligence quotient (IQ) is primarily a benchmark. In its original form, it provides information about this Relationship between intelligence age and age. Under the Intelligence age is to understand the cognitive development stage in which a child is: For what age is the one shown intellectual achievement average? The IQ compares the test value of a child with their reference group, which usually consists of children of the same age. The focus is on the deviation of the individual value from comparison values ​​(thus the norm). An IQ of 100 is exactly average, while an IQ of 130 is way above average.

High IQ - no guarantee for top performance

High intelligence does not automatically mean performing well. The requirements of the reality are not easy and especially in the social area they can be confusing and complicated. Because when it comes to people and emotions, factual and personal questions get mixed up. Even professional performance situations are often accompanied by irrational factors - especially when motivation, interest or concentration absence. Or simply fear or a bad relationship with the teacher stands in the way.

Book tip

Hermann-Josef Spicher, Götz Müller, Herbert Horsch:"Highly gifted - and still happy. What parents, kindergarten and school can do to prevent the brightest children from being stupid." Oberstebrink, 3rd edition 2013, 24.90 euros.