Is Kharkiv Kharkov written Kharkiv or Kharkov



The city of Kharkov in the heart of eastern Ukraine attracts with its splendor, its hospitality and openness. Kharkov was founded in 1654 and has become one of the most important scientific, industrial, cultural and educational centers in the country.

Between 1919 and 1934, the city was the first capital of Ukraine for 14 years. This period left its mark on the city in many ways and contributed to its present-day appearance. At that time, Kharkov was a center where the most important scientists, engineers and diplomats came together.

The names of many famous actors, artists, musicians, architects and philosophers are associated with the city. Petro Hulak-Artemowski, Ilya Repin, Klawdija Schulschenko, Isaak Dunajewski and Alexei Beketoff lived and worked in Kharkov. The city produced three Nobel Prize winners: Lew Landau, Elias Metschnikoff and Simon Kuznets.

The oldest cinema in Eastern Europe is located in Kharkov - Bommer. It has been preserved to this day. As early as 1908, the Bommer brothers opened the first stationary movie theater here, which is still operated successfully and delights true connoisseurs of the art of cinema. Interestingly, the name of the cinema has been changed five times over the years, but its purpose has remained the same.

Kharkov is a city of constructivism. The “Derschprom” was the first Soviet skyscraper and is one of the city's landmarks. Freedom Square is the largest square in Ukraine and one of the largest in Europe. In 2008, around 300,000 people gathered there to experience a concert by the world-famous group "Queen".

Kharkov is a European, multinational city - open to friendship and cooperation. As the only Ukrainian city, Kharkov received all four honorary awards from the Council of Europe for supporting the ideas of European unity, including the highest award - the Europe Prize (2010).



The cityscape of Kharkov has changed significantly in recent years. Many urban infrastructure projects have been implemented, including the redesign of parks and plazas. Initiated by Mayor Henadij Kernes, a large-scale redesign of Gorky Park took place, making it the best culture and amusement park in Ukraine and one of the 20 best parks in Europe.

The city of Kharkov with its numerous sights attracts people of all ages. Nature lovers will appreciate the wonderful parks and gardens. One of the most popular recreational areas is Lesopark, the largest urban park in Ukraine. One of the country's first children's railways, the Little Southern Railway, circulated in Kharkov. The oldest forest area in the city is the Taras Shevchenko Garden, where the visitor can find restful tranquility. The garden also houses a monument in honor of the eminent Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko, who is considered by experts to be one of the best in the world. The famous Kharkov Zoo is nearby. It was founded in 1895 and is one of the oldest animal parks in Europe. Large-scale renovations have been taking place since 2016, which not only enhance the appearance of the zoo, but also ensure that it meets world standards. The new zoo will have an oceanarium, which will be the largest in Ukraine and one of the most beautiful in Europe.



Kharkov has a rich historical heritage, but it is also and rightly considered the student capital of Ukraine. Approximately 300,000 students attend one of the city's colleges. One of the oldest universities in Eastern Europe was also opened in Kharkov in 1805. It was named after its founder, Vasily Karasin.

Kharkov is the venue and venue for many Ukrainian and international events, including symposiums, seminars and conferences. There is something suitable for every business traveler among the numerous conference centers and leisure activities. The existing infrastructure, numerous conference centers and the high level of the associated service areas ensure that various types of tourism, especially business tourism, can develop in the city.



The city also has numerous events to offer for sports fans: the traditional international marathon, the day of cycling, the sports fair, the triathlon championship or other competitions - these events bring thousands of participants and spectators together on the streets of the city.




Churches, cathedrals, synagogues and mosques deserve equal attention in the multi-denominational city of Kharkov. The oldest surviving building is the Pokrovsky Cathedral, built in 1689. The Choral Synagogue, built between 1912 and 1913, is the largest synagogue in Ukraine and the second largest in Europe. The Kharkov Cathedral Mosque was built in 1906, destroyed by Soviet authorities in 1936, and rebuilt in its original location in 2006.

The city has a good transport infrastructure. Nowadays it is impossible to imagine Kharkov without the subway, which connects all parts of the city with 30 stations. This year it was decided to add a third underground line to the railway system. The planning sees two more stops in the direction of the international airport Kharkov in front. Its modern terminal building was built as part of the preparations for the European Football Championship matches in Kharkov. Regular direct flights currently connect Kharkov with other metropolises: Barcelona, ​​Dortmund, Istanbul, Katowice, Milan, Minsk, Rimini, Tel-Aviv, Tbilisi and Warsaw. There are also charter flights to Antalya, Batumi, Beirut, Burgas, Dalaman, Sharm El Sheikh, Thessaloniki and Tivat. The historic airport building has been restored and is now available as a terminal with special services for VIP passengers.

Kharkov welcomes tourists of all kinds: almost 3,000 hotel rooms are available.

Kharkov is happy about every guest! Welcome to Kharkov!