What are the strangest craziest plants

Austria is rich in species! As diverse as the landscape is, the abundance of plant species is also impressive: for flowering plants and ferns, 2,950 species were counted, for endemics (species that only occur here in Germany), the Alpine republic ranks first with 160 endemic plants Central Europe. But not only the floral diversity is remarkable, the sometimes strange names also astonish us:

1The Salzbunge

What may sound like a spicy snack is in reality a highly endangered rarity in Austria. It takes its roots in the rare type of biotope “fields on a wet site”, for example on the Langen Lacke in Seewinkel in Burgenland. Away from the seashore, the salt bungee (Samolus valerandi) - as the name suggests - finds its home on saline, sometimes flooded open ground around fields. Austria in bloom promotes this rare biotope in Seewinkel in Burgenland.

2the orchid orchid

The warlike-looking member of the orchid family is actually helplessly dependent on an army of conservationists. Their closed, light pink bracts resemble a helmet, but one that does not arm them for human dangers. The causes of danger lie both in the intensification of agriculture (especially fertilization) and in the management task (the end of mowing and the subsequent encroachment) of its special locations. The fragrant orchid orchid (Orchis militaris) places high demands on its habitat and is therefore rarely found. The orchid species is a completely protected species in some federal states and is one of the endangered species throughout Austria and one of the severely endangered species in some regions. If you discover one, however, you will find a whole clan, preferably on semi-dry grass lawns and semi-dry pasture lawns with lime-rich, humus-rich soil.

3Anemone jewelry basket

The anemone jewelry basket sounds like a flowery declaration of love for Valentine's Day. But you are not allowed to pick the pretty endemic: A rendezvous with this rare species (Callianthemum anemonoides) is only possible in Upper and Lower Austria or Styria - above dolomite and limestone between 700 and 1200 meters above sea level.

4 "asshole"

The term "buttocks" (Pulsatilla vulgaris) is not found in any information brochure from a urologist congress. No, it is a rare and endangered plant that is highly toxic, but is also used as a medicinal plant in paediatrics. In Salzburg the pasque ass, also known as the common pasque flower, has already disappeared. In the Wachau (Lower Austria) there are still few stocks of white-gray haired and lilac-flowered beauties, which are maintained by the agricultural partner companies of Blühendes Österreich thanks to dry lawn care.

5The sedum plant

The fatty hens (Sedum & Hylotelephium), a large variety of the thick-leaf family, are by no means opulent chickens: The sturdy, evergreen thick-leaf plants adorn every natural garden and are a feast for the eyes until late autumn thanks to their flowers. In addition, the sedum plant bees offer pollen and the sedum plant even a nursery for the caterpillars. The caterpillars of the Red Apollo (ParnassiusApollo).

6 Austrian milkweed

After the increased sightings of wolves in Austria, is there a new business idea? Fortunately not. The Austrian wolf milk (Euphorbia austriaca) is an endemic plant, i.e. it only grows in Austria from the Ötscher area to the Salzkammmergut. Their “herbaceous pack” is firmly rooted in the north-eastern limestone Alps of the montane to subalpine altitudes. All milkweed species are poisonous and have a caustic, mostly white milky sap that is released when injured.

7 Wallis fescue

No, the Valais fescue (Festuca valesiaca) is not a protagonist in an erotic film, it is an inconspicuous and down-to-earth inhabitant of dry grassland and can still be found in Burgenland, Vienna, Lower Austria and North Tyrol (Oberinntal). Still, because its existence is endangered and without human intervention - or sheep, like those woolly grazers of the Hirsch family - its existence would not be guaranteed. The Walliser Schwingel is adapted to extreme drought. To do this, he has rolled up his leaves in a bristle shape. This greatly reduces evaporation from the leaf surface.

Related articles

Hands off! 5 spring flowers worth protecting

Julia Kropik
What you should pay attention to when picking spring flowers: According to the Red List, many of the tender plants are endangered and worth protecting.
Hands off! 5 spring flowers worth protecting 5 spring flowers worth protecting

10 wild autumn flowers you should know about

Stefan Agnezy
Look closely! Anyone who walks carefully through nature will be rewarded with rare beauties: We introduce you to 10 wild autumn flowers that are just about to make their grand entrance.
10 Wild Autumn Flowers You Should Know About Nature Magazine: 10 Wild Autumn Flowers You Should Know About

Related nature experiences

River expedition on the Enns - Steyr

23 May from 11:00 |

Goldschmiedgasse 3
Steyr 4400

Steyr, 4400

Explore the Enns in Steyr with the Stand Up Paddleboard.

We learn the correct handling of a stand up paddleboard and glide silently over the water, past beaver tracks, mallards and swans that have their habitat in the willow bushes and reeds. Enjoyment and deceleration are the focus of this nature exploration.
We drive a section of the Enns directly from the city center in Steyr past conglomerate walls in the European protected area Lower Steyr and Ennstal to the north bridge.

Before starting the journey, the guide explains how to use the device correctly and provides important tips and tricks, paired with some balance exercises.

We glide silently over the water, past mallards and swans, which have their habitat in the willow bushes and in the reeds. The newly settled beaver also leaves its unique traces here.

After the tour we will be brought back to our starting point.

Stand up paddling is easy and quick to learn. All you need is a sense of balance and then the excursion into nature can really be enjoyed!

Info & registration for NATURSCHAUSPIEL
Individual appointments for groups of 7 people or more by arrangement.

River expedition on the Enns - Steyr
Follow the trail

With the e-bike from the spa park to the nature park

23 May from 11:30 am |

Promenade 2
Bad Schallerbach 4701

Bad Schallerbach, 4701

On our leisurely e-bike tour, we “experience” the rolling hills of the Vitalwelt Bad Schallerbach holiday region and the neighboring Obst-Hügel-Land nature park. From Bad Schallerbach we cycle through a beautiful, hilly landscape to scenic highlights in St. Marienkirchen and Scharten. On the way we will taste cherries or a small herbal snack made from herbs from the nature park orchards, depending on the season. We cycle back to the starting point, the beautiful Botanica Park with its interesting medicinal herb garden. Length of the tour: approx. 40 km

With the e-bike from the spa park to the nature park
Follow the trail

Searching for traces in the beaver area (hike)

23 May from 12:00 |

In winter and early spring the landscape design power of the beaver can be seen particularly clearly. Trees gnawed and felled in the shape of an hourglass with fresh beaver chips all around, tracks and a well-insulated winter den tell of his life. The beaver expert explains why these animals are so important for an intact meadow landscape.

Registration required up to 3 days before the event.

If the required number of participants is reached, this offer can also be booked individually for groups!

Searching for traces in the beaver area (hike)
Follow the trail