What is the most durable privacy fence

Wooden fence FAQ - frequently asked questions about building a wooden fence

 


Overview

 




Which type of wood is recommended for a wooden fence?

Most wooden fences are made of pine and spruce. These types of wood are moderately durable outdoors and therefore wood protection is recommended. Effective wood protection is either a pressure impregnation or a high-quality glaze with active ingredients. The sapwood components of the pine absorb more impregnating agents than spruce. In recent years, woods with increased natural durability have become increasingly popular. However, one should not forget about constructive wood protection. Often a sensibly constructed wooden fence is more durable than one made from a high-quality type of wood.



Spruce and pine

They are still one of the standard woods for garden fences. With good wood quality and sensible construction, a spruce / pine fence can last for several decades.


Larch and douglas fir

These two native softwood species are also often used to build garden fences. A larch or Douglas fir fence is particularly suitable for a natural look without having to do without impregnation.

Beech, ash and maple are not suitable for fence construction. These woods lack durability, despite their hardness.


Oak and black locust

These European hardwoods are suitable for wooden fences because of their durability. However, the robinia is not readily available, especially as sawn timber. Both woods are in the upper price segment and are rarely used as a fence.


Tropical woods

Tropical wood species are rarely used for fence construction. However, privacy screens in Bangkirai are available. As stacks for front garden fences, however, Bangkirai and Massaranduba are usually not available in suitable dimensions.


Modified woods

Timbers that have been made durable by a technical process are also suitable for wooden fences. These modified woods such as Accoya, thermal ash, permanent wood and Co. have the advantage that they are dry and usually very straight and do not work much.

These high-quality premium fences made of Accoya, thermal ash, thermal pine, thermal spear are particularly recommended for exposed locations.


WPC fences

WPC is an abbreviation for the English term "Wood Plastic Composite", which in German corresponds to the wood-polymer material. It consists of 75% wood fibers and 25% polymer binders. WPC materials are permanent and do not turn gray like wood. However, the static properties are significantly worse than those of natural wood. Therefore, fences made of WPC cannot be built in every shape. A picket fence would be problematic - there is a risk that a WPC bar will deform and sag.

The designed fences made of WPC, adapted to the material properties, are a great alternative for those who neither want to paint nor want the natural graying.




Do I need a permit for a wooden fence?

Most fences can be erected without a building permit. The state building regulations stipulate the maximum heights that are permitted without a permit. The values ​​vary from state to state. Lower Saxony stipulates the value 1.20 m, Thuringia 1.80 m.

Please also note that some state building codes explicitly specify different values ​​for traffic-side enclosures and fences, e.g. between semi-detached houses. For example, the Bavarian state building code regulates the design leeway in the area of ​​enclosures very precisely in order to guarantee the design and preservation of the townscape. From a legal point of view, the usual townscape is an important maxim for fencing anyway.

It is best to find out about the state building regulations, local development plans and neighboring laws in your municipality before you start building the fence.




Which fence posts do I need and how are they attached?

Posts can be made of concrete, steel or wood. A wooden fence post should be installed using a post base. From time to time customers ask us whether the posts can also be placed directly in the ground or whether the post can only be concreted without the post base. We advise against this, because wood in direct contact with the ground - i.e. without post bases - has a significantly lower durability. In addition, the post is also more difficult to straighten.

In the agricultural sector you can often see the posts rammed directly into the ground, but there the boundaries are often moved again.

Post bases are either hammered in or set in concrete. Basically, the concreted ones are recommended.

Impact sleeves can be used, though

  • the fence is not very high (no privacy screens),
  • the soil suitable for it and
  • the fence is only wanted for a limited period of time

is.

An overview of the various post bases for fence posts from left to right: drive-in sleeve, L-post base, U-post base, H-post base

The H-post bases are among the more stable post bases for setting in concrete, which are particularly suitable for privacy walls (wind load) or large fence elements. Post bases with a mandrel (U-shape or L-shape) are suitable for lower and light fences. There are also carriers that can be dowelled onto an existing concrete surface. If there is plaster, it is usually advisable to set a point foundation.





Help, my fence is cracked - what should I do?

Wood sometimes cracks, this can never be completely ruled out and is part of a natural product that has evolved. The extent to which cracks occur is still different. Most cracks are shrinkage cracks that appear when the wood dries. Strong dry cracks occur with extreme fluctuations in temperature and humidity. Technically dried wood is used to counteract drying cracks, as here the wood is dried under controlled conditions. Timbers cut with one handle tear particularly badly - this is why all of our posts are cut as cross timber.




The primer or the raw wood is showing up on my glazed or opaque fence - what can I do now?

This phenomenon can occur with the filling boards of privacy screens. The formation of joints becomes visible when the element has been treated with color. The reason for this is that the filling boards of the privacy screen shrink when it is very dry. This is completely natural and inevitable as the natural raw material wood always works. In terms of production technology, it is not possible to first treat the individual parts and then use them to create a screen. If the primer or, in extreme cases, the raw wood becomes visible on your element, you can easily remedy this visual error by repainting on site.



My fence has a rough surface in some places. Does that affect the quality of the product?

Rough spots occur more often in the area of ​​branches, on edges and with wild grain. Despite the most modern planing technology, this sometimes cannot be avoided. If the wood is also treated with glaze or varnish, it can happen that the wood fibers partially straighten up again due to the water in the color. This is also a matter of roughness.




Bars, stakes, battens - what are the names of the elements on the wooden fence?

Apfelgriebsch or Apfelbutzen - North German or South German, there is also local linguistic color in wooden fences. With a wooden fence made of vertical slats and horizontal crossbars (= picket fence) there are many words for a few parts.

Fence slats - stakes - stake slats

Crossbars - bolts - tie rods - swing arms - crossbeams

Posts - squared timber pillars - pillars - posts - rectangular posts





I have a pressure impregnated wooden fence. Do I still have to delete?

Pressure impregnation is a wood protection treatment that contains a pigment. However, it is not a decorative finish. If you want a different color, you can also paint the garden fence, but only when the impregnated wood is sufficiently dry. Thin-layer glazes are recommended. Dark colors are more suitable than light colors, especially for brown-impregnated goods.

You can also just leave the impregnated fence as it is. Over time, the wood will turn gray. Compared to untreated wood, it takes a few years longer for the silver-gray patina to form.




Should I paint my larch wood fence?

Larch has been very popular for a number of years, and it is precisely because of its natural durability that it is suitable for outdoor use. Many also choose larch wood because they want to avoid painting the fence. Of course, you can simply let a larch fence turn gray if it is not treated. However, one should be aware that the graying takes place irregularly and does not give a uniform picture, especially in the first few years.

An alternative is the “well-groomed” graying, i.e. the fence is painted once with a graying glaze or a colorless glaze. This creates a more even surface and, in short, a nicer gray. By using a thin layer of glaze, the paint does not peel off and you can do without repainting if you want.

Of course, larch can also be finished with a color. Opaque coatings, especially in light tones, are not recommended, as the resin of the larch wood penetrates quickly.



Dimensions for semicircular picket fences / pole fences

The fence fields are at least as wide as indicated. The bars are at the ends over the last lath, so they are usually for Post mounting thought. If you want to mount the fields in front of the posts, you should order additional battens that are mounted on the joint.

The Bars can be up to 5 cm longer than the field length is specified. During installation, the field is adjusted if necessary.

Latches protrude on both sides. On the one hand approx. 5cm, on the other side approx. 5cm or more (cut off when installing).

Dimensions for fences with square slats

We have picket fences with the standard distance of approx. 5cm (details may be in the respective article text) and also in the "extra tight" version, with only 2cm distance between the pickets. In the case of fences with a 2cm lath spacing, the bar is also about 2cm above the last lath.




Are custom-made products possible?

Since most of the pole fences we offer are manufactured in Germany, we can also offer special sizes in some cases.


Special dimensions with regard to the bolt spacing:

If you need special bolt spacing because you want to mount on existing pillars with bolt holders, this is possible in many cases. Please give us the following dimensions:

1. Abandoned upper edge of lath - middle of upper transom

2. Middle bar - middle bar

3. Lower edge of the transom - middle of the lower transom


The surcharge per setup process is € 17.50. If there are several identical fields, this only applies once.


Special dimensions regarding the lath spacing:

This is often possible. However, we have to calculate it on a case-by-case basis and therefore ask for your request.


Special dimensions regarding the height:

That works in many cases. The next amount is calculated and, depending on the effort, an additional surcharge.


Special dimensions regarding the slat cross-section:

We cannot offer custom-made products here. Another batten head, e.g. beveled instead of rounded, is entirely possible. Other thicknesses or widths of the battens are not feasible due to production reasons.

What is the height of the lock milling?

We specify the distance from the lower edge of the fence to the middle of the latch height.

  • Fence height 80cm - 47cm
  • Fence height: 100cm - 67cm
  • Fence height: 125cm - 90cm
  • Fence height: 150cm and higher: 100cm





How does the arch at the frieze fence run?

Friesian fences can have an arch with the highest point in the middle of the field or with the lowest point in the middle of the field. Both variants can be ordered at holzimgarten.com. The highest point of the fence is indicated in the order height.

The lowest fence picket is defined according to the following scheme:

For fences in 80 cm, 100 cm and 125 cm The height of the lowest batten extends beyond the upper edge of the transom 9 cm. For fences in 150 cm and higher is the distance 11 cm.