What is a candidate's move
US election: Trump's latest move in the Preservation of Power operation
The elected US President Donald Trump is not very successful with his wave of lawsuits against alleged electoral fraud. Now he is apparently trying to keep himself in power by putting pressure on individual states and to prevent election winner Joe Biden from taking office. It is about determining who will ultimately elect the president. An unprecedented constitutional crisis looms. Answers to the most important questions:
What steps is Trump currently taking?
After the presidential election on November 3, Trump filed a series of lawsuits against the election result, which experts believe are doomed to failure. Now Trump and those around him are putting pressure on key states that will decide the elections.
Trump phoned a Republican electoral officer in the Biden-won state of Michigan this week who had since refused to certify election results. He also invited the Republican leaders of Michigan's state parliament to the White House for Friday.
Senator Lindsey Graham, who is allied with Trump, in turn phoned electoral officials in the states of Georgia, Arizona and Nevada, which Biden won, to discuss alleged election fraud. Georgia’s Republican election supervisor Brad Raffensperger then said the Senator had advised him to weed out valid ballot papers. Graham rejects this account.
What is Trump up to?
Apparently Trump is trying to prevent certification of election results in several states with the argument of alleged election fraud. In extreme cases, this could lead to the state parliaments designating their own electors - those electors who are ultimately to elect the future president on December 14th as the so-called Electoral College.
Why are the state parliaments so important?
According to a federal law, state parliaments can determine the electorate if the voters "failed" to determine a winner. Specifically, this means that a state parliament controlled by Trump's Republicans - such as that of Michigan or the key state of Pennsylvania - could override the will of the voters and appoint Republican voters to vote for Trump.
Do Trump's attempts have a chance of success?
This is currently considered extremely unlikely. Should individual state parliaments actually determine their own electorate by ignoring the will of the electorate, that would not only provoke an outcry of indignation. It would certainly be challenged in courts of law, too. In addition, state governors in Michigan and Pennsylvania, for example, could ignore two Democrats, their state parliaments and send the votes of the Democratic electorate to the US Congress, where the votes will be officially counted on January 6th.
In the worst case scenario, Congress would then have rival electoral groups - Republican and Democratic - from one or more states. That could plunge the US into a serious constitutional crisis because there is no clear mechanism for resolving such a conflict. The US law professor Lawrence Douglas had warned of a possible "total system collapse" before the election.
However, there is another factor that speaks against this horror scenario coming true: Biden has a clear lead in the Electoral College. He won 306 of the country's 538 voters, 36 more than the necessary number of at least 270 voters.
To make up for this lead, Trump would have to convince the parliaments in at least three contested states to support him. So far, Republican state politicians have signaled little support for Trump's course - which of course could change at any time.
An unprecedented approach?
That an incumbent president tries by such means to stay in power is unprecedented in US history. However, there has already been a major conflict over electors - almost 150 years ago. In the Chaos election of 1876, rival electoral votes were sent to Congress from three states.
The conflict was ultimately settled through a compromise between Republicans and Democrats that is considered the black hour in US history. A decade after the end of slavery, he paved a new form of racial segregation against African Americans in the southern states.
Georgia confirms Biden’s election victory
Two and a half weeks after the US presidential election, the state of Georgia has officially confirmed the victory of Democratic candidate Joe Biden over incumbent Donald Trump. The Republican election officer Brad Raffensperger said in a broadcast on Friday that the results from all 159 districts were "correct and correct". The losing candidate now has two days to request a recount.
According to the result, Biden got 49.5 percent of the vote, 0.25 percentage points more than Trump. The gap is 12,587 votes. Because the difference is less than 0.5 percentage points, a recount can be requested. Biden is the first Democrat since 1992 to win a presidential election in the traditionally conservative southern state. Georgia provides 16 of the 538 voters. US media predicts that Biden will have 306 voters in the final reckoning, 36 more than needed to win. The deadline for certification of the election results ends on Monday in the contested state of Michigan (also 16 voters). (Apa / afp)
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