How do I make a crispy shakarpara

Uzbek honeydew melons

Uzbek honeydew melon. Varieties of honeydew melons in Uzbekistan.
Medicinal properties of honeydew melons


Do you love honeydew melons as much as all the colonels in the East loved it, beginning in an era before our era? In Central Asia it is said: "Honeydew melon makes cheeks rosy, strong teeth, silky hair and clear eyes!" In Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, melons are loved like a beloved woman; in Turkmenistan melon is respected like a president!

In addition to the head-spinning aroma and sweetness, the melon offers extended healing properties. One of the most important properties of a melon is its ability to affect the production of endorphins, which makes it a great remedy for depression and the blues. In addition, the nutrients contained in the melon have a strong tonic effect. And vitamin C strengthens the immune system. Melon is rich in iron salts and is indicated in anemia and various heart diseases. The high content of silicon in the pulp can make every woman happy. After all, this element is very important for the health of hair and skin, which is why melon is the main cosmetic product for oral administration. The ability of a melon to improve skin, hair, and nerves was noted in ancient times. At the same time, it was found that melon seeds have a positive effect on male strength. In addition, the melon is high in fiber, so it cleanses the body of toxins.

Although the Calorie content If the honeydew melon is relatively low, it can be a separate dish. In our day, a gardener's lunch may consist of several slices of wonderfully smelling melon and flatbread. No matter how small it can be, but on hot summer days when traditional food absolutely does not crawl down your throat, a lunch consisting of melons and flatbread not only satisfies hunger in a remarkable way, but strengthens and expels laziness. The cooled melon helps with overheating. And that's really important when you're working in the sun when the thermometer gets to sixty degrees!

The history of growing honeydew melons on the territory of modern Uzbekistan is calculated for more than a hundred years. This is indicated by written sources as well as archaeological excavations. An example of this can serve as seeds for cultivated varieties of this wonderful plant, which was found during excavations of the ancient settlement of Toprak-Kala (I - IV centuries, AD). It is known that even then melons were exported to China, Iran and India.

To this day, honeydew melons grown in this sunny country fascinate the inhabitants of other countries with their aroma and taste.

The climatic conditions in Uzbekistan are ideal for growing this Fruits of paradise - so were Honeydew melons called in ancient times. And it was the climatic conditions that made the appearance of a multitude of Honeydew melon species that differed in appearance and taste. Even a small change in the number of sunny days can lead to crop failures, so that work on breeding new varieties does not stop. To this day will be more than 160 species of melons are grown in Uzbekistan.

In ancient times, gardeners independently created the necessary conditions for changing varieties. The fact that they were aware of the importance of these works is reflected in the common use Custom the celebration "Kovun sayli" ("Melon Festival") proved, a celebration organized by the gardeners on the occasion of the ripening of the melon harvest. During this holiday became the best Types of melonswho grew up in the current year, presented to the public. The festival was accompanied by traditional dances and national games. The meaning of this Custom was the exchange of experiences, cultivation practices and seeds that were distributed throughout the region. The festival usually takes place in September instead, but can also take place earlier, depending on how the summer was and when the melons made the most of their flavor.

To date, there are six main melon growing zones in Uzbekistan: Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khorezm, Fergana and the southern zones. Each zone is characterized by varieties of different earliness.

The Khorezm Zone has become famous as one of the oldest regions where many of the well-known species of melons are grown. The region was particularly famous for a wide variety of winter melons, such as Ala-Hamma, Ak-Kosh, Almurti Gulyabi, Shakar-para and others. Ak-novvat-Khorezm, Torlam and Gokcha summer varieties are no less juicy and fragrant in the land of Khorezm. The Arab traveler Ibn Batuta wrote with admiration of the Khorezm melons: “As in the East, there are no melons like Khorezm in the West. It is cut into pieces, sun-dried, placed in baskets, and taken to distant cities in China and India. Among all dried fruits, she is no better than them. " (14th Century).

In the Fergana zone it is possible to grow melon varieties of practically all early stages, from the early Kandalyak to the late Sertur.

The Bukhara and Samarkand zones also differ in a large number of varieties. There are also tender, charming honeydew melons with the juicy flesh - Obinovvat and Buri Kalya Kutur - and crispy ones that melt in your mouth - Alacha and Rohat.

The Tashkent zone is known for varieties like Khandalyak, Kokcha, Ak Kalya Posh, which ripen the fastest; Daniyari, Gurbek, Chillak and Boswald, which ripen in summer and have tender meat; Ak Kaun Tashkent, Bekzodi, Gul-Kun, Barginazi, Davletbai and Ak Par, which also ripen in summer but have firmer meat; Asma, Bizhir, Gulyabi Orange, Gulyabi Greens, Sary Gulyabi, Kyrkma and Tosh Kaun, which belong to the autumn-winter varieties.

The southern zone Melon cultivation is diverse, but mainly Kara Karashka, Buri-Kallya and Gulyabi from Samarkand are grown here. There are few local varieties in the region. They are through varieties from Datbedi, Kandalyak (yellow, local) and Ala-Puchak represented.

Of course, for such a large number of varieties, special classification was required. Therefore, the entire variety of varieties was divided into two subspecies by the breeders: Central Asia and Asia Minor(Middle East). Each subspecies is in turn divided according to the type of aging.

The Central Asian subspecieswhich is most common in Uzbekistan includes:
Handalyaki - small honeydew melons that ripen in spring. Handalyaki is grown in smaller quantities than other varieties due to low yields and poor usability for transport.
Honeydew melons ripe in early summer are most commonly grown. The advantage of this type is the tender, juicy flesh, and the negative characteristic remains the poor transportability.
Summer melons with the firmer pulp are more resistant to transport and their fragrant, crispy flesh attracts many melon lovers.
Autumn and winter melon varieties are exactly the species that brought the melons of Uzbekistan fame because they can be transported over long distances without damage and stored for a long time. It is important to note that these species are also in demand by locals who have the special "Kaunxona“Build for their storage. But one must not fall into the mistake of assuming that melons can only be stored raw. Drying has also been practiced for hundreds of years. At the same time, the beneficial properties of the melon practically do not go away, and the taste still has the delicious sweet taste of a ripe honeydew melon.

As mentioned earlier, you can try very few species of honeydew melon abroad, while in Uzbekistan you can go from region to region itself enjoy the honey of the juiciest, ripe and rarest melons can! Come to Uzbekistan in August-September!


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