Make INFPs like history

Development of the dual study program in Germany - history and statistics

Where does the dual study come from? How long has the dual study model existed? We take a look at the history of the dual study program and its development.

Story: This is how it all started

The dual study program began in the early 1970s. In the 60s and 70s many new schools were founded and built all over Germany, making it one Increase in the number of high school graduates came. Since most of the new high school graduates also wanted to study, this led to a large rush at the universities and newly established technical colleges.

Due to this sudden increase in student numbers, on the one hand the question was raised as to whether the students or upcoming graduates are still being trained according to their needs or whether they are targeted training went down in the mass operation of the universities. On the other hand, this was followed by the concern of the companies that a shortage of qualified junior staff could arise and that the companies could no longer find suitable employees.

Do you think you are the best dual student a company could wish for and want to apply there? Then you will get all the information about applying for a dual study program here.

Application for a dual study program

Baden-Württemberg pioneers

Based on these considerations, the so-called "Stuttgart Model" was presented to the public in 1972, which combines the idea of ​​academic education and practical training in one course. With this idea, the first vocational academies were newly created in Stuttgart and Mannheim in 1974 and a pilot study of the dual study was started.

This newly created dual training system was so well received by school leavers that as early as 1982 the state parliament declared the pilot phase for the new training and study model to have been successfully completed and the vocational academies were firmly anchored in the education system.

However, the Berufsakademie degrees were not yet recognized as academic degrees, such as the diploma or master's degree from universities and technical colleges. This only changed in 1995, when the state ministers of education made a recommendation to the federal states that graduates of vocational academy should be treated like college graduates.

As a result, the vocational academy degree still did not become academic, but the recognition of the achievement was enormously enhanced, for example by the fact that graduates from a vocational academy could now also be accepted into the public service. The success of the Baden-Württemberg dual training model also inspired other federal states, for example Berlin, Thuringia and Saxony, to also set up vocational academies.

Dual study with an academic degree

In 2009, the pioneering state BaWü then took the next decisive step. All vocational academies in the state were incorporated into the newly created Baden-Wuerttemberg Cooperative State University (DHBW) convicted. The model for this is the State University System in the USA. With the establishment of the state-owned DHBW, graduates of the dual study programs now also receive an academic degree, namely in most cases the internationally recognized Bachelor's degree. Today there are dual study programs in all federal states that offer an efficient combination of practical periods in companies and theoretical phases in universities (or in some cases vocational academies).

Are you looking for a dual study program? Then take a look at our university and company lists. There you will find numerous dual study programs as well as companies where you can complete the practical phase.

University and company lists

Statistics on the development of the dual study program

The increased demand for dual courses of study can also be seen very well in the statistics from the Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training. Between 2004 and 2016 alone, the Number of dual study programs tripled and reached a peak in 2016 with almost 1,590 offers:


yearNumber of dual study programsParticipating companiesStudents

* According to the source, the values ​​refer exclusively to courses for initial training. Status: October 2016.
Source: BiBB

This is accompanied by a large increase in the number of students, which in turn is related to the increased number of companies that have discovered the dual study model for themselves. The Number of companies grew from around 18,000 in 2004 to more than 47,000 participating companies in 2016. At the same time, the Number of students from around 40,000 to over 100,000.

In addition, the Federal Institute for Vocational Training has the Proportion of the different subject areas of dual study programs released. 38 percent of the offers can be found in the field of engineering, closely followed by economics with 34 percent. Other subjects offered are computer science (12 percent) and social affairs, education, health, care with 10 percent.

Another survey looked at the proportion of the various educational institutions. Of a total of 21,195 dual students in April 2011, only 656 were enrolled at a university, 25,928 at universities of applied sciences, 24,117 at other universities (e.g. DHBW) and 10,494 students at vocational academies. It remains to be seen whether universities will enter the market for dual study programs more in the future in order to be able to attract freshmen. However, it is already becoming apparent that universities of applied sciences in particular are greatly expanding their dual study programs and that vocational academies are becoming less important.