Why Color Revolution In China Can't Be Successful
1. Why is there a need to improve the Hong Kong SAR electoral system?
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) electoral system, which includes the procedures for the election of the Chief Executive and for the constitution of the Legislative Council, is an important part of the Hong Kong SAR's political order. On April 4, 1990, at the third session of the Seventh National People's Congress, the Basic Law The Hong Kong SAR adopted, which lays down the basic system of a democratic political system in the Hong Kong SAR and forms the constitutional legal basis for the development of a democratic political system in the Hong Kong SAR. Since the return of Hong Kong to China on July 1, 1997, the central authorities, in strict accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Law acted and the electoral system of the Hong Kong SAR further improved in the light of the actual situation in Hong Kong.
However, when looking at the practice in Hong Kong over the past two decades, one must see that there are gaps and flaws in the existing electoral system. In particular, anti-Chinese and destabilizing forces, with the support of some external powers, have tried to exploit these loopholes and shortcomings to bring about a "color revolution" in Hong Kong. They blatantly call for "Hong Kong independence" and use all possible means to enhance the work of the Legislative Council cripple and impede the lawful administration of the SAR government. They incite Hong Kong's people to hate mainland China and the state and actively seek collaboration with outside forces to throw Hong Kong into chaos. These activities seriously jeopardize the sovereignty, security and development interests of China, seriously question the constitutional order of Hong Kong, and seriously affect the prosperity and stability of the Hong Kong SAR.
It is therefore important and right to take the necessary steps to improve the electoral system, to remove the existing institutional gaps and shortcomings, and to ensure the administration of Hong Kong by Hong Kongers with patriots as main sponsors. This in turn will ensure effective and lawful administration in the SAR and keep the implementation of "One Country, Two Systems" on track.
2. Why is the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China in charge of the Hong Kong SAR electoral reform?
The Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Hong Kong SAR together form the constitutional basis of the Hong Kong SAR. Article 31 of the Constitution states, "the system to be used in the special administrative regions is prescribed by law by the National People's Congress for each individual case. "Article 62 of the Constitution provides that the National People's Congress has, inter alia, the power to"to decide on the establishment of the Special Administrative Region and its system", whereby the" system "here also includes the electoral system. The two articles represent the basis at the constitutional level.
The fact that that Basic Law issued by the National People's Congress and not by the local authorities in Hong Kong is itself an indication that the determination of the electoral system of the Hong Kong SAR is a sovereign act of the state and can only be decided by the sovereign organs of the state.
Since Hong Kong's return to China, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC) has Basic Law interpreted once (2004) and passed resolutions four times (2004, 2007, 2010 and 2014) on related issues in order to improve the electoral system of the Hong Kong SAR, thereby continuously exercising the corresponding constitutional powers at national level.
In addition, it is a common constitutional regulation and political practice in unitary states that the state (the central authorities) decide on local electoral systems. For example, Article 34 of the French Constitution provides that the electoral system for local councils is determined by law by the French Parliament.
All of this shows that the question of improving the Hong Kong electoral system is a matter for the central authorities and is not part of the high level of autonomy of the Hong Kong SAR. In the process of improving the Hong Kong SAR electoral system, the central government attaches great importance to the extensive involvement of the SAR government and Hong Kong society. She maintains intensive communication with the SAR government and will continue to listen carefully to the views and suggestions of various circles in Hong Kong.
3. What are the main contents of the decision of the National People's Congress on the improvement of the Hong Kong SAR electoral system?
On March 11th, at the fourth session of the 13th NPC, the aforementioned decision was passed by an overwhelming majority. The resolution has nine articles.
Article 1 states that in order to improve the Hong Kong SAR's electoral system, the principles of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kongers administer Hong Kong" and a "high degree of autonomy" must be fully and faithfully implemented the Hong Kong SAR as defined by the Constitution and the Basic Law is set to uphold the administration of Hong Kong by Hong Kongers with patriots as the main sponsors, to effectively improve the governance efficiency of the Hong Kong SAR, and to protect the right to vote and stand for election of permanent residents of the SAR.
Article 2 stipulates that the Hong Kong SAR shall establish an election committee that is broadly representative, conforms to the realities of the Hong Kong SAR and represents the overall interests of society. The Election Committee is responsible for electing the Chief Executive-designate and part of the members of the Legislative Council. The Election Committee is also responsible for nominating candidates for the Chief Executive and Members of the Legislative Council, as well as other matters. The election committee consists of 1,500 members from five sectors.
Article 3 requires that the Chief Executive be elected by the Electoral Committee and appointed by the People's Central Government. Candidates for the office of Chief Executive are jointly nominated by at least 188 members of the Election Committee, with no fewer than 15 members in each Sector. The election committee elects the designated chief executive by secret ballot with one vote per person. The election of the chief executive-designate requires a simple majority of all members of the election committee.
Article 4 states that the Hong Kong SAR Legislative Council consists of 90 members in each parliamentary term. Members of the Legislative Council include those elected by the electoral committee, those elected by the functional constituencies, and those elected by direct elections from the geographic constituencies.
Article 5 provides for the establishment of a committee to review the qualifications of Hong Kong SAR candidates. The committee is responsible for reviewing and confirming the qualifications of the candidates for the members of the electoral committee, the chief executive and the members of the legislative council.
Article 6 provides that the NPC Standing Committee is empowered, in accordance with this Decision, to issue Annex I Procedure for the selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR and Appendix II Procedure for the constitution of the Hong Kong SAR Legislative Council and its voting procedure of Basic Law to amend.
Article 7 requires the Hong Kong SAR to enforce the relevant local laws in accordance with the Decision and Appendices I and II of the NPC as amended by the NPC Standing Committee Basic Law will change and organize and regulate the elections accordingly.
Article 8 provides that the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR shall submit timely reports to the Central People's Government on important matters relating to the arrangements and organization of the elections in the Hong Kong SAR.
Article 9 stipulates that the decision shall enter into force on the day of its promulgation.
4. Why is the formula "Patriots rule Hong Kong" particularly emphasized in the electoral reform?
"Patriots rule Hong Kong" is a necessary prerequisite for China to resume its sovereignty over Hong Kong. Sovereignty and the right to govern are a unit and cannot be separated. "Patriots rule Hong Kong" means that Hong Kong rules after patriots return and the governing power of the Hong Kong SAR must be in the hands of patriots. Loyalty to the Fatherland is a fundamental political ethos of all public office holders and candidates everywhere in the world.
No country would put the administration of its subordinate localities in the hands of people who do not identify with their country and their nation, act as political agents of foreign states or even propagate and pursue secession efforts. Hong Kong is no exception. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of China, part of the People's Republic. How can we expect someone who does not love their country to truly love Hong Kong? Loving Hong Kong and loving the fatherland are mutually exclusive requirements.
5. What criteria are used to judge a person as a patriot?
Mr. Deng Xiaoping made a classic statement about this. He said: "A patriot is someone who respects the Chinese nation, who sincerely supports the resumption of sovereignty over Hong Kong by the fatherland and who does not want to impair Hong Kong's prosperity and stability." national sovereignty, security and development interests 2. Respect for the basic system of state and the constitutional order of the Hong Kong SAR 3. Maintaining the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.
The emphasis on "Patriots rule Hong Kong" by no means means "conformity". Hong Kong is a diverse and pluralistic society shaped by Chinese and Western cultures. The range of "patriots" was, is and will remain large. As long as you hold on to the attitude of patriotism and love for Hong Kong and clearly distinguish yourself from those who are anti-Chinese and separatist, even if you hold different political views, you can Count on the understanding and approval of the central authorities and take an active part in the administration of Hong Kong.
6. Implementing the formula "Patriots rule Hong Kong" does not mean converting "one country, two systems" into "one country, one system"?
When President Xi Jinping met with Chief Executive of Hong Kong SAR, Ms. Carrie Lam, to hear the 2020 annual work report, he made it clear that the turnaround from chaos to stability in Hong Kong has once again made us realize: To ensure that the practice of "one country, two systems" remains consistent and effective, we must always adhere to the principle that "those who love the country rule Hong Kong".
The concept of "Patriots rule Hong Kong" is nothing new. The leading architect of "One Country, Two Systems", Mr. Deng Xiaoping, pointed out as early as 1984 that "must have some requirements and qualifications in terms of Hong Kong administration by Hong Kong residents. It must be required that patriots be the main bearers of the administrationIt can be seen that the principle of "one country, two systems" had the important connotation "patriots rule Hong Kong" from the start.
Practice has shown that "one country, two systems" is the best institutional concept for Hong Kong to ensure long-term prosperity and stability, and that it has a strong vitality. The Chinese government will adhere to the principles of "one country, two systems" "Hong Kongers manage Hong Kong" and implement a "high degree of autonomy" persistently. Only a true patriot can fully and accurately implement the One Country, Two Systems principle, appreciate Hong Kong's prosperity and stability, promote Hong Kong's better integration into national development, and achieve better development for Hong Kong itself.
7. How does the Hong Kong SAR view the upcoming electoral reform?
In successive statements published on March 4th and 5th, the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong SAR, Ms. Carrie Lam, welcomed the National People's Congress plan to improve the electoral system in Hong Kong and implement the principle of “Patriots rule Hong Kong " to advise.
After the decision was passed by the National People's Congress on March 11th, Ms. Lam made a statement in which she expressed her firm support and warm gratitude for the decision on behalf of the SVR government team. In the statement she pointed out that decisions about the political system of the Hong Kong SAR, of which the electoral system is an integral part, belong to the exclusive competence of the central authorities. The NPC resolution is fully constitutional and legal. She stressed "In view of the real situation in Hong Kong, the central authorities are taking the initiative at the national level to improve the Hong Kong electoral system with the aim of ensuring that Hong Kong remains true to its original aspirations in implementing the" one country, two systems "principle Can get Hong Kong back on track; only by establishing institutional arrangements to ensure "patriots rule Hong Kong" can the "one country, two systems" principle be fully and faithfully implemented in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, which is conducive to the city's long-term prosperity and stability. "
On the same day, the President of the Legislative Council, Mr Andrew Leung, made a statement expressing respect and support for the decision adopted by the NPC to improve the Hong Kong SAR electoral system. He hoped that the Hong Kong SAR Executive, once the amendments were made, would swiftly submit the draft local legislation to the Legislative Council for consideration so that the relevant elections could be held properly over the next 12 months. He also stressed that the purpose of improving the electoral system is to ensure that Hong Kong is ruled by patriots and prevent events from occurring that endanger national security and sovereignty and undermine Hong Kong's prosperity and stability.
8. Isn't the electoral reform a violation of the "Chinese-British Joint Declaration"?
Instead of the Sino-British Joint Declaration constitute the Constitution of the People's Republic of China and the Basic Law The Hong Kong SAR has provided the legal basis for governing Hong Kong since the return of Hong Kong to China on July 1, 1997. With the return of Hong Kong to China, the rights and obligations of Great Britain as set out in the Joint Declaration were fully fulfilled. The statement also does not contain a clause granting foreign forces the right to interfere in Hong Kong's affairs. Abusing the Sino-British Joint Declaration to point the finger at the Chinese government's policy on Hong Kong is not only meddling in China's internal affairs, but also a violation of the principle of international law and international relations represent.
It should be emphasized that Hong Kong had no democracy during the more than 150 years of British colonial rule and the process of democratic development only really began after 1997. The central government has continued to improve the Hong Kong electoral system in the light of the actual situation in Hong Kong and has always encouraged the development of a democratic political system in Hong Kong.
The electoral system in Hong Kong is part of the political system of a local authority in the People's Republic of China. How it is designed, developed and improved is entirely an internal matter for China. Non-interference in internal affairs is an important principle of international law and a fundamental norm of international relations. On March 5, at the 46th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council, 70 countries reaffirmed their support for China's implementation of the "One Country, Two Systems" principle in the Hong Kong SAR and called on the parties concerned to: To effectively respect China's sovereignty and to stop interfering in Hong Kong and China affairs This joint statement clearly shows that there is widespread support for China's just position and initiatives on Hong Kong issues.
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