What are some ways to prevent disease
Online health insurance guide
Why are health promotion and prevention important?
Most diseases are not congenital but occur in the course of life. There is a lot that people can do to prevent various diseases and improve their health. In a society of longer life, targeted health promotion and prevention are of crucial importance at all ages. Health-promoting and primary preventive measures are aimed at the behavior of the individual as well as the design of a health-promoting living environment. They help ensure that chronic noncommunicable diseases do not arise in the first place or are reduced in their course, that people grow up healthily and age healthily and that their quality of life increases. These include healthy living, learning and working conditions as well as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, recreation, refraining from smoking and harmful alcohol consumption.
The so-called widespread diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes) or cardiovascular diseases (e.g. heart attacks) can in many cases be avoided or positively influenced by a health-conscious lifestyle. Those who regularly do something for their health feel better both physically and mentally. The diverse health offers in municipalities / city districts, kindergartens, schools, companies and care facilities are therefore geared towards motivating the most varied of participants to adopt a health-conscious lifestyle over the long term.
What can you do yourself?
Through health-conscious behavior, self-awareness and regular medical check-ups or early diagnosis examinations, health risks and burdens can be avoided and the first signs of illness can be recognized at an early stage, even before physical or mental complaints become noticeable. In addition to one's own health-conscious behavior, such examinations are an essential component of health promotion and prevention.
Many serious infectious diseases can also be completely prevented by vaccinations. Check with your doctor to ensure that you have all of the recommended vaccinations or are due to have booster vaccinations. All vaccinations are recorded in the vaccination card.
How do health insurances support health promotion and prevention?
Whether nutrition tips from professionals, Nordic walking for senior citizens, training to cope with stress or health-promoting offers in schools and companies or digital prevention courses - there are now a large number of offers to actively do something for your health. Insured persons can inquire with their health insurer what options there are for primary prevention and health promotion. The health insurances provide their insured with quality-assured offers for health promotion and prevention in their area and subsidize their use. They also reward the health-conscious behavior of their policyholders as part of bonus programs. The preventive and early diagnosis examinations for children, adolescents and adults regularly offered by health insurers should be used. At the beginning of a calendar year, health insurances inform their insured about all measures and offers for preventive health care and early detection.
With the law to strengthen health promotion and prevention (Prevention Act - PrävG) of July 2015, the health insurance companies were obliged to expand their prevention offers. The health examination or the so-called check-up at the doctor's also includes preventive advice based on individual risk factors. People whose living conditions do not allow them to take part in regular offers for prevention and precaution (for example shift workers and caring relatives) can also take advantage of these in a compact form in health resorts. As with the outpatient preventive treatment, the health insurance company can provide a daily allowance for accommodation and meals. In order to better reach unemployed people, prevention offers of the health insurances are dovetailed even more closely with the offers of the job centers.
Digitization has also penetrated this area. In addition to classic face-to-face courses, the health insurance companies offer a wide range of digital prevention courses, for example as health apps. Last but not least, the Central Prevention Testing Center ensures that digital prevention offers meet the high quality requirements for preventive offers of the statutory health insurance. Digital prevention offers enable the insured to flexibly integrate preventive measures into their personal everyday life, regardless of the framework conditions of a course. The health insurance companies provide information on digital prevention offers on their websites.
In addition, as a result of the Digital Care Act, the health insurance companies are obliged to offer their insured persons offers to promote digital health literacy. Insured persons can use it to be trained in how to use health apps, for example.
How is prevention in nursing improved?
As part of each assessment to determine the need for care, it is checked whether and, if so, which determinations are to be made about whether and to what extent measures to eliminate, reduce or prevent an aggravation of the need for care (for example in the areas of nutrition, dealing with addiction / Luxury foods or improvement of psychosocial health) are suitable, necessary and reasonable. The Prevention Act significantly strengthened prevention to avoid or reduce the need for care. An expert statement must therefore also be made as to whether there is a need for advice on primary preventive measures in accordance with Section 20 (5) SGB V in the home environment or in the facility in which the person in need of care lives. The findings on prevention are to be documented in a separate prevention and rehabilitation recommendation and are automatically sent to the insured - if he does not object to the transmission - with the report on the determination of the need for care. The aim is to maintain independence for as long as possible, even if they are in need of care, or to avoid the need for care.
The nursing care funds have been given the specific task of providing health promotion services in partially and fully inpatient care facilities.
What role does workplace health promotion play?
We spend a large part of our life in the workplace and encounter working conditions that, depending on their severity, can have a positive or negative effect on our health. Unfavorable working conditions can not only lead to physical complaints among employees, they also harbor risks for mental health.
Healthy and motivated employees are a basic requirement for the success and competitiveness of a company. Particularly against the background of demographic change, modern companies have systematically included the promotion of the health of their employees in their operational management and recognized it as a key future issue.
Together with the employees and those responsible for the company, they work out suggestions for improving the health situation and help to implement them.
How do health insurances contribute to workplace health promotion?
So that work does not make you sick and work-related health risks are prevented, health insurance companies support health promotion in companies. You work closely with the operational actors as well as with the accident insurance institutions and the occupational health and safety authorities. In principle, the experts from the health insurance companies advise and support companies from the very beginning of health-promoting measures through to firmly established company health management.
As part of the Prevention Act, company health promotion was further expanded by the health insurance companies. For example, the health insurers should increasingly promote health-promoting structures in companies - for example through analysis of the work situation, advice on the design of health-promoting working conditions and the implementation of behavioral preventive measures, for example to cope with stress. In order to increasingly reach small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the health insurance funds have set up joint regional coordination offices for workplace health promotion in the federal states. As part of the Prevention Act, company health promotion was further expanded by the health insurance companies. For example, the health insurers should increasingly promote health-promoting structures in companies - for example through analysis of the work situation, advice on the design of health-promoting working conditions and the implementation of behavioral preventive measures, for example to cope with stress. In order to increasingly reach small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the health insurance funds have set up joint regional coordination offices for workplace health promotion in the federal states. By entering the postcode at www.bgf-koordinierungsstelle.de, the requesting company can go directly to the country-specific coordination office and can get advice from a health insurance company on the phone or in person on company health promotion.
In addition, the competencies of company doctors are used to a greater extent in company health promotion. The health insurance companies must also ensure that company doctors can carry out general vaccinations and bill for them.
March 26, 2021
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