What is the national bird of Sakastan

Blue tail - sapphire of the forest

With its colorful plumage, the blue tail is a real eye-catcher. He lives in seclusion in the woods of the taiga.


The blue tail belongs to the flycatcher family and grows to around 13 centimeters. In terms of physique, it is similar to the common redstart. The male in splendid plumage is unmistakable: his plumage is intense blue on the head and cheeks as well as on the back, wings and tail. The orange-colored flanks stand out in a nice contrast. The throat, underside and rump are creamy white. A white stripe often extends from the short, dark beak into the face.

The females are also easy to spot. They also have orange flanks and a blue tail, but are olive-brown on the upper side. Females wear a delicate, white eye ring.


The breeding area includes Estonia, Finland and Siberia and extends to Japan and Korea. The southern border runs through Kazakhstan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Thailand. Most blue tails overwinter in Southeast Asia.

Our bird of the week feels at home in the forested and mountainous regions of the taiga. He is particularly fond of dense coniferous forests with moist, mossy soils.

Behavior and worth knowing

The behavior of the blue tail reveals how closely it is related to birds such as the robin or the common redstart. In a hurry and bustle, he hops and runs across the forest floor, stopping again and again to twitch his tail. It is a very secret bird and lives secluded in the tall trees. From there he lets out his wistful "tjülü-tjülürr" singing. It starts out very quietly and then gets louder and louder to finally end quietly again. The blue tail looks for insects both in the trees and on the ground. In autumn it can also be tasted with berries.

The breeding season begins in late spring. Blue tails build their nests on the ground and use, for example, large roots or holes in the ground as privacy screens. To cushion the nest, they collect moss, needles and stalks. In June, the female lays five to seven eggs, which she incubates for about 15 days. After that, the young stay in the nest for another 15 days until they finally start exploring the area.

Photo: Imran Shah (CC BY-SA 2.0)