Why are cephalexin capsules used

Ospexin 500 mg capsules

Do not take Ospexin

if you are allergic to the active substance cefalexin or other cephalosporins or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6). If you are allergic to penicillin, you may be cross-allergic to ospexin.

Tell your doctor before taking Ospexin if you have had a severe rash or flaking, blistering and / or mouth sores after taking cefalexin or other antibiotics.

Ospexin must not be used to treat infections of the brain and spine.

Serious infections should first be treated with injections of antibiotics.

Warnings and Precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Ospexin.

Please report any special reactions and side effects (see section 4 "Possible side effects?") To your doctor immediately.

Hypersensitivity to cefalexin is also possible in the case of penicillin hypersensitivity. If a drug allergy, especially a penicillin allergy, has ever been diagnosed, the attending physician should be informed.

If you already have hypersensitivity (allergy such as hay fever) or suffer from asthma, you should inform the doctor treating you. If allergy symptoms occur, in particular skin rashes, itching, shivering, wheals, shortness of breath, feeling of oppression, as well as diarrhea or abdominal pain, the therapy must be discontinued and a doctor should be consulted immediately.

If severe, persistent diarrhea occurs, colon inflammation (colitis or pseudomembranous colitis caused by the bacterium Clostridium difficile) should be considered. In this case, the therapy should be discontinued and a doctor should be consulted.

Pseudomembranous colitis can occur several weeks after stopping treatment with Ospexin.

Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) has been reported in association with the use of cefalexin. At the start of treatment, AGEP appears as a red, scaly, widespread rash with bumps under the skin and blisters with fever. The skin folds, trunk and upper extremities are most commonly affected. The highest risk of developing this serious skin reaction is within the first week of treatment. If you develop a severe rash or any of these skin symptoms, stop taking Ospexin and contact your doctor or seek medical treatment straight away.

For long-term treatment, blood counts and liver function tests are recommended, and kidney function tests are recommended for existing kidney disease.

Long-term treatment can lead to an increase in bacteria or fungi that are not sensitive to cefalexin. In this case, appropriate measures must be taken.

Other medicines and Ospexin

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking / using, have recently taken / used, or plan to take / use any other medicines.

Ospexin should only be taken together with other antibiotics if explicitly prescribed by your doctor, as some antibiotics promote the effectiveness of Ospexin, but can also hinder others.

Concomitant use of probenecid (medicine for high uric acid or gout) can lead to higher and prolonged levels of cefalexin.

The combination of cephalosporins with highly effective dehydrating agents (etacrynic acid, furosemide) or with other antibiotics with possible kidney-damaging effects (aminoglycosides, polymyxin, colistin) can lead to an increase in the kidney-damaging effects.

Taking cephalosporins and oral anticoagulant medicines at the same time can increase the time it takes for the blood to clot.

Taking cefalexin and metformin (a medicine used to treat diabetes mellitus) at the same time can lead to undesirably high levels of metformin.

Influence on laboratory tests

Under certain circumstances, cephalosporins can simulate false positive results in the determination of sugar in the urine. Methods for determining urine sugar, for example based on enzymatic glucose oxidase reactions, can be used. The direct Coombs test (blood test to determine antibodies to red blood cells) can also be false positive.

Cephalosporins can interfere with the determination of ketone bodies (metabolic products that result from increased fat breakdown) in the urine.

Therefore tell your doctor whether other medicines are being used and ask which ones can be used safely at the same time as Ospexin.

Taking Ospexin with food and drink

The capsules are swallowed whole with a glass of water. It can be taken independently of meals.

Pregnancy, breastfeeding and fertility

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, or if you suspect you may be pregnant or plan to become pregnant, ask your doctor before taking this medicine

or pharmacist for advice.

Damage to pregnant women, the unborn or newborn child has not yet been described. Ospexin appears in breast milk in small amounts after ingestion. The possibility of diarrhea, sprout colonization of the mucous membranes and sensitization cannot be ruled out in the breastfed infant. Your doctor will decide whether to use Ospexin during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Ability to drive and ability to operate machines

Ospexin has no influence on the ability to drive and the ability to operate machines.