The cigarette vape juice contains antifreeze

However, we strongly advise against continuous vaping - if only for the reason that both smoking and vaping nearby non-smoking and non-vaping people have to join in, whether they want to or not. Because these people have to do something that is clearly more harmful than what they would normally do, which is not smoking or vaping.

Various studies are presented in our articles on e-cigarettes. If anything seems wrong to you in the respective studies, we ask you to contact the relevant scientists directly. You will find the contact details - as always - with the sources at the end of the text.


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Distance training to become a holistic nutritionist

Are you interested in what's in our food and want to know how nutrients and vital substances affect the body? Do you want a healthy life for yourself, your family and fellow human beings? Nutritionists are popular - but the holistic aspect that is needed for sustainable health is often forgotten when giving advice. At the Academy of Naturopathy, you will get to know the connections between lifestyle and diet as well as physical and psychological well-being.

That educates interested people like you in around 16 months to become a holistic nutritionist out.

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  • Joseph G. Allen (inter alia): Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit, Candy, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes. (Flavors in e-cigarettes: diacetyl, 2,3 pentanedione and acetoin in a sample of 51 products including e-cigarettes with fruit, candy and cocktail flavors). Environmental Health Perspectives, December 2015.
  • Reema Goel (inter alia): Highly Reactive Free Radicals in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols. (Highly reactive free radicals in aerosols from electronic cigarettes). Chemical Research in Toxicology. December 2015.
  • Vicky Yu (et al.): Electronic cigarettes induce DNA strand breaks and cell death independently of nicotine in cell lines. (Electronic cigarettes induce DNA strand breaks and cell death independent of nicotine in cell lines) Oral Oncology. January 2016.
  • Sara Kalkhoran (inter alia): E-cigarettes and smoking cessation in real-world and clinical settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (E-cigarettes and smoking cessation in real world and clinical settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis). The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. January 2016.
  • Ahmad El-Hellani (et al.): Free-Base and Protonated Nicotine in Electronic Cigarette Liquids and Aerosols. (Free and protonated nicotine in the liquids and aerosols of electronic cigarettes). Chemical Research in Toxicology. July 2015.
  • Graham Atkins, Frank Drescher: Acute Inhalational Lung Injury Related to the Use of Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS). (Acute inhalation lung damage caused by e-cigarette use) CHEST Journal. October 2015.
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  • Chia-Hwa Lee et al., "Overexpression and Activation of the {alpha} 9-Nicotinic Receptor During Tumorigenesis in Human Breast Epithelial Cells," JNCI (Journal of the National Cancer Institute), 2010, (overexpression and activation of the alpha-9 Receptor during tumorigenesis in human breast epithelial cells)
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  • Catassi A et al., Multiple roles of nicotine on cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis: Implications on lung carcinogenesis, October 2008, Mutation Research, (Multiple roles of nicotine on cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis: Impact on lung cancer development)
  • Campain J. A., Nicotine: Potentially a Multifunctional Carcinogen ?, Mar 2004, Toxicological Sciences, (Nicotine: Potentially a Multifunctional Carcinogen?)
  • Semmler MP et al., Effects of nicotine with special consideration of tumor development in the head and neck area, oral and maxillofacial surgery, November 2006
  • Interesting article on nicotine: Is nicotine a carcinogen ?, August 10, 2014, Liquid News

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This information is passed to the best of my knowledge and belief. They are intended exclusively for those interested and for further training and are in no way to be understood as diagnostic or therapeutic instructions. We do not assume any liability for damages of any kind, which arise directly or indirectly from the use of the information. If you suspect illness, please consult your doctor or alternative practitioner

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