Who is the proponent of psychoanalysis

Ludwig Jekels (1867-1954) and the beginnings of psychoanalysis in Poland

dc.contributor.advisorHirschmüller, A.de_DEdc.contributor.authorCzarnecki, Bartholomäus Gregorde_DEdc.date.accessioned2007-01-04de_DEdc.date.accessioned2014-03-18T09: 38: 04Zdc.date.available2007-01-04de_DEdc.date.available2014-03-18T09: 38: 04Zdc.date.issued2006de_DEdc.identifier.other275363767de_DEdc.identifier.urihttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:21-opus-27027de_DEdc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10900/44961dc.description.abstractTask: To work out was the contribution of the doctor Ludwig Jekels, who came from Silesia, to the beginnings of psychoanalysis in Poland. For this purpose, the works of Jekels published in Polish, reports on congress lectures and his translations of works by Freud should be consulted. A sanatorium operated by him in Bystra from 1897 to 1914 was to be examined with regard to its importance as an early psychoanalytic clinic. All accessible unpublished sources had to be localized and evaluated. There were brochures from the sanatorium, case histories in lectures and books, unpublished medical reports, documents from Jekels 'time as a student and assistant doctor in Vienna, personal memories of Sigmund Freud, a number of unpublished Freud letters and documents from the time after Jekels' emigration to the USA. These documents are supplemented by oral reports from contemporary witnesses and researchers from Silesia itself. The documents come from Poland, Austria and the United States of America. As far as they are written in Polish, they have been translated into German. All essential sources are printed in the appendix to the study. Results: From 1897 to 1914 Jekels ran his sanatorium in Bystra. A wide variety of diseases were treated there: diseases of the respiratory tract, the circulatory system and the digestive organs; Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs such as chlorosis, anemia, leukemia; Metabolic diseases such as obesity and a tendency to urinary stones; Women's diseases; Syphilis; Last but not least, the entire spectrum of diseases of the nervous system (headache, neurasthenia, hysteria, chorea, athetosis, dizziness, tabes dorsalis and spinal irritation). One learns from Jekels ’congress lectures that he also successfully applied psychoanalysis there. The sanatorium was well attended. Jekels also treated well-known people there such as the painter Julian Falat and Marshal Pilsudzki. Between 1909 and 1924 Jekels translated the most important works of Sigmund Freud into Polish. During this period, Jekels attended all psychiatric congresses in Poland, where he spoke as a warm advocate of psychoanalysis. His “Sketch of Psychoanalysis” (1911) familiarized the Polish reader with the main features of Freudian psychoanalysis. Freud valued Jekels as a loyal student. After moving to Vienna and doing his own analysis with Freud, he became an important member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Association. He published case studies and some papers on applied psychoanalysis. In 1938 he emigrated to the USA. In 1940 he became an honorary member of the New York Psychoanalytic Society.de_DEdc.description.abstractThis thesis deals with life and work of Ludwig Jekels, born in Silesia and working as a physician and psychoanalyst in Poland, Vienna, and New York, and his contributions to psychoanalysis in Poland. His sanatorium in Bystra, Silesia, is supposed to have been an early psychoanalytic clinic. His polish publications, congress reports, and his translations of Sigmund Freud’s works into Polish were collected and reevaluated. Brochures of this sanatory, documentary material from Poland, and case histories published and unpublished could be located as well as documents from Jekels' medical education, his personal reminiscences of Sigmund Freud, his unpublished correspondence with Freud and some documents from the years after his emigration to the USA. Most of this material is being published in the appendix; Polish documents have been translated into German. Jekels directed his sanatorium in Bystra from 1897 through 1914 and dealt with manifold diseases of both somatic and psychic origin. Nervous diseases (headaches, neurasthenia, hysteria, chorea, athetosis, dizziness, tabes and spinal irritation) had priority. From Jekels ’congress lectures we learn that he successfully practiced psychanalytic thearpy there. Among his patients were famous people like painter Julian Falat or marshal Pilsudzki. Between 1909 and 1924 Jekels translated important works of Sigmund Freud into the Polish language. He attended psychiatric congresses in Poland and propagated psychoanalysis warmly. His "Sketch of Psychoanalysis" (1911) made Polish readers familiar with Freud’s main ideas. Freud appreciated Jekels as a loyal pupil. After settling down in Vienna and being analyzed by Freud himself he became an important member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. He published casuistic studies and contributed to applied psychoanalysis. In 1938 he emigrated to the United States. In 1940 he became an honorary member of the New York Psychoanalytic Society.endc.language.isode_DEde_DEdc.publisherUniversity of Tübingende_DEdc.rightsubt-podokde_DEdc.rights.urihttp://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=dede_DEdc.rights.urihttp://tobias-lib.uni-tuebingen.de/doku/lic_mit_pod.php?la=enendc.subject.classificationFreud, Sigmundde_DEdc.subject.ddc610de_DEdc.subject.otherJekels, Ludwig, Freud, Sigmund, psychoanalysis: Poland, Bistrai, nerve sanatorium: Bistraide_DEdc.subject.otherJekels, Ludwig, Freud, Sigmund, Psychoanalysis: Poland, Bistrai, Sanatory: Bistraiendc.titleLudwig Jekels (1867-1954) and the beginnings of psychoanalysis in Polandde_DEdc.titleLudwig Jekels and psychoanalysis in Polandendc.typedissertationde_DEdc.date.updated2007-01-05de_DEdcterms.dateAccepted2006-11-13de_DEutue.publikation.fachbereichOthersde_DEutue.publikation.fakultaet4 Faculty of Medicinede_DEdcterms.DCMITypetextde_DEutue.publication.typdoctoralThesisde_DEutue.opus.id2702de_DEthesis.grantor05/06 Faculty of Medicinede_DE