Exactly how evil is fascism
Fascism is a right-wing radical political movement that rejects the values of a democracy. The form of rule of fascism is dictatorship. In fascist systems there is only one party, other parties besides it are forbidden. Opponents of fascism are persecuted, tortured and imprisoned in such a form of rule.
This political movement originated in Italy. Fascism was founded by the Italian politician Benito Mussolini at the beginning of the 20th century. He strove for the unconditional submission of the entire population and he proclaimed the omnipotence of the state at whose head he stood. The symbol of the fascists was a hatchet with a bundle of rods, in Italian "fasces" - hence the name "fascism" comes from. The fascists printed this symbol on their flags and used it as a badge. Already in ancient Rome the sign symbolized the power over life and death. The fascists used it to express the strength of the federal government towards the individual.
Fascism in Italy under Mussolini
In 1921 Mussolini founded the "National Fascist Party" ("Partito Nazionale Fascista") in Italy, which was supposed to convey Mussolini's worldview to the population and to inspire the people in the country for fascism. The fascist movement became more and more radical and forcibly took over the leadership of the Italian state. With the famous "March on Rome" in October 1922, in which around 26,000 fascist supporters took part, Mussolini forced his takeover of power. He was appointed Prime Minister by the King of Italy and gradually eliminated all democratic institutions.
There was only the party of the fascists, opponents of Benito Mussolini were persecuted and the media censored - so the newspapers were only allowed to report in the interests of the government. Everyone had to obey the "Führer"; there was violence and terror in Italy. In addition, Mussolini spread racist ideas - according to his xenophobic worldview, people of a certain origin were "worth" more than other peoples.
In Italy it could come to this because in Mussolini’s time people were doing very badly - a large part of the population was affected by unemployment, poverty and misery and hoped that the new Italian leader could change something, lead the country out of the crisis and would better support the "common people". But Mussolini took advantage of this to come to power and realize his fascist ideas. He ruled the country with unrestricted power for many years until he was deposed by the Italian king in 1943.
Fascism in Germany under Adolf Hitler (1933-1945)
Fascist thoughts and movements also existed in Germany - especially between 1933 and 1945 at the time of National Socialism under the dictator Adolf Hitler. The Nazis took, among other things, the ideas of Mussolini and the Italian fascists as a model. Their social order was also based on the "Führer principle" - a leader should rule the country with unrestricted power, who was revered as a person and to which the population submitted. The political orientation was "anti-democratic" and xenophobic "racial teachings" were spread, with which the alleged superiority of certain peoples was to be justified.
Fascism in Spain under Franco (1939-1975)
A fascist dictatorship ruled Spain between 1939 and 1975 under General Francisco Franco. There were fascist movements in almost all European countries. In some Latin American countries, they were still common even after World War II. Unfortunately, to this day there are always people and groups who proclaim fascist ideas. The terms "fascism" and "National Socialism" are often used synonymously.
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