What is language development

Language development

Through active motherhood and fatherhood, parents can specifically promote the language development of their child. With activities such as reading aloud, creative storytelling and a lot of verbal engagement with the child, their language improves steadily. The mistakes in sentence structure and grammar that are typical at this age can be avoided more quickly through targeted employment.

Of course, at the first age of asking a child cannot be expected to speak relatively difficult words. Only in the next two development steps do more complicated words become part of the linguistic usage, which is constantly being expanded. If there are speech disorders such as stuttering, this should be recognized and treated as soon as possible.

Language development is divided as follows:


Table as PDF

1st preliminary stage (birth up to approx. 1 year)

The first sound a newborn makes is what is known as the “birth cry”. This occurs when breathing occurs. In the preliminary stage, the child screams when it is hungry, when it wants to make itself felt, when it is wet, etc. However, after just 8 weeks, certain differences in screaming can be recognized.

2nd stage of Lallmonologe (6 months to 1 year)

During this time the children begin to form simple chains of syllables, which are known as lall monologues. The child hears syllables from the parents, which he repeats and strings together again and again. This is the basis for further language development.

3rd level of one-word sentences (1 year to 18 months)

The child's first words appear around the age of one. Usually these are words that arise from the syllable chains (Ma-ma). Even simple words that the child hears in their environment can be repeated.
At first the words are still understood without meaning, but over time the person being educated can link the words with the object or the meaning. It forms the sentence from just one word.

4th level of two-word and multi-word sentences (18 months to 2 years)

This stage is also called the “first question age”, as the children now begin to ask for certain terms and names. In this way they can expand their vocabulary and also get knowledge about certain objects.
Due to the expanded vocabulary, there is a smooth transition to two-word and multi-word sentences at this age.

5. Development and expansion of grammar (2-3 years)

When the child begins to form simple sentences, grammatical errors are common. But the grammatical errors and sentence construction errors of the children are quickly corrected by the improvement of the parents and educators.
At the end of this stage, the child can largely speak correctly, ask questions and explain connections.

6th stage of consolidation (3-4 years)

This level is also known as the "second age of questions" as the children are constantly asking "why" questions. At this age, the grammar, vocabulary and sentence structure of the language are consolidated.

7. Complete mastery

At around 5 years of age, the child's language development is roughly complete. The child knows generic and subordinate terms, different names for an object, past, present, future.

Author: Verena Fischer,
State-certified educator with Kneipp health training for children
Last update: January 2021
Date created: May 2016
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