What is meant by descending order

Chronological curriculum vitae: descending or ascending?

The résumé is at the heart of the application - it increases or decreases your chances of getting the job you are looking for. Usually every applicant wants to do everything right and arranges it Chronological curriculum vitae in the American variant. This means that it is sorted in reverse chronological order or in reverse order, i.e. in descending order. This sorting has prevailed over the past few years. We explain the differences and advantages and disadvantages between chronologically descending and ascending curriculum vitae ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

The heart of your application: the résumé

The tabular curriculum vitae, which is usually the standard, is considered to be the standard one or two pages and presents the most important information in blocks. A third page can only be considered for executives with several years of professional experience.

Remember: HR professionals want in as much as possible short time can capture all important information. On average, they take no more than three minutes to apply for a potential candidate. Often only the résumé is first compared with the catalog of requirements of the job advertisement. Anyone who messes around here trips themselves up.

It is also this tight timeframe that has helped the American résumé, i.e. in the descending version, to be successful: First things first - and for many HR managers that is actual position. From there, conclusions are drawn about your abilities.

Free: 40+ resume templates and samples

The CV templates shown here are only a selection. The complete overview with more than 40 free and professional templates, samples and designs can be found online HERE.

Professional CV: Current Samples

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CVs for different jobs

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Tabular curriculum vitae: modern templates (with icons)

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Chronological curriculum vitae: ascending or descending?

If you take it very carefully, every résumé is chronological, because it would not be chronological if you were to jumble up all the years. Of course, no applicant does that. In the case of application topics, however, the term for the chronological curriculum vitae has established itself as the meaning that the classic, German arrangement is meant.

That is, after that the résumé will be arranged in ascending order: From the first position after your training eight years ago, for example, to the last position. However, this sequence has the disadvantage that, depending on the applicant's professional experience, the HR manager first has to “torment” his way through various positions until he finds the information that is relevant to him.

The descending order is also called antichronological, because everything is turned upside down here, so to speak. What you did directly after your studies or your training is not so interesting at first, what is more important is what happened last.

Resume Instructions: Content, Structure & Positioning

Regardless of whether you are creating a real or a virtual application folder: At the top is the cover letter or letter first of all of a PDF is the cover letter. This may be followed by a cover sheet (is optional) and only then is the curriculum vitae.

The structure is roughly based on these blocks:

  • Personal Information (First name, last name, birthday and place of birth, full address, telephone number, email address, (application photo))
  • Professional background (Profession, jobs, experience, positions, training, internships)
  • Special Knowledge (Further training, certificates, foreign languages, IT, PC skills, driver's license, awards, etc.)
  • Interests (Hobbies, honorary positions, projects)
  • Date, signature

This sample graphic shows you what this can look like:

Useful examples for a chronological résumé

Here, however, the problem is revealed directly: What if an applicant is just starting out? As such, he usually has no previous position other than student or trainee. The obvious cannot and does not have to be covered up.

The lack of professional experience has an advantage: the résumé is clear. Other cases in which a chronological résumé makes sense:

  • Re-entry

    Employees who have taken a long break, for example because of illness, unemployment or because they have taken parental leave, avoid this gap being presented first on their résumé. While it does not undo it, and an attentive reader will recognize it, you are not putting the emphasis on it.

    You can read more about this here
  • Reorientation

    In the case of a professional reorientation, you cannot have any work experience in the field either - apart from your age and work and life experience in other areas, you are just starting out as young trainees in their last year of training or university graduates. There are two conceivable reasons why a chronological résumé can be useful:

    1. You have recently completed retraining and have not yet gained any experience in the field, but you want to show that you have already achieved a lot in your professional life.
    2. Or you have already worked in the area for which you are applying at an earlier point in time, but in between, for example, as a career changer in completely different areas. In this case, a chronological reference to your résumé would first show the relevant stations and bring them into focus.
    You can read more about this here

Clarity as the top priority

In the cases listed above, you should be prepared to answer relevant questions in the interviewneed to be composed. This is not a problem either, because you are well equipped with our advice tips.

The only important thing is that you do it beforehand deal with your career. A first exercise here is the cover letter, in which you will already talk about it in the event of a professional reorientation. In this way you take the wind out of the sails of the HR manager, because even if the question about it is asked in a subsequent interview, you already know the answer.

When you decide whether to arrange a résumé chronologically or "American", different aspects play a role:

  • Are you just starting out or are you experienced?
  • Are you moving from the same industry to another position or are you changing the industry?
  • Have you had a long break?

Depending on how the answer to these questions is and where the relevant information Then a résumé in chronological order can be useful and by no means out of date.

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