What is political sovereignty


Placeholder Lexicon S blue (& copy Stefan Eling)

State independence

The word "sovereignty" comes from French and means something like "independence", "superiority". The sovereignty of a state consists in the fact that it can decide for itself what should happen internally and in relations with other states. The sovereign state has the power to determine its own laws and form of government. Foreign states are not allowed to interfere. However, this independence can be restricted. This is the case, for example, when a country joins the EU. Then certain rights, for example in the area of ​​economic, monetary or agricultural policy, are voluntarily assigned to the community.

The people are the "sovereign"

“Sovereign” is the name given to the absolute ruler of a country. It used to be emperors and kings. In modern democracies it is the people from whom all power in the state emanates. That is why we say after elections, when a new government has been elected: The sovereign has decided.

Do something confidently

In everyday parlance one hears again and again that someone has mastered a thing with confidence. That means, he or she solved a problem without help, naturally and independently.

Source: Gerd Schneider / Christiane Toyka-Seid: The young politics encyclopedia from www.hanisauland.de, Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education 2021.