Is the story important to the defense?

The relief is great when the bachelor thesis is finally finished. With your text you go to the copy shop and then hold a bound, finished copy of your thesis in your hands, which you hand in at the examination office of your university. Unfortunately, the submission of the bachelor thesis does not mean the end of the bachelor thesis for every student. Many universities require you to defend your thesis after you have submitted your thesis. The defense of the bachelor thesis is basically a presentation of your work in front of your first and second examiner and a subsequent discussion with your examiners. Defense work makes many students sweat again and gives them some sleepless nights. We have therefore summarized everything related to the topic in order to prepare you as best as possible for the defense of your bachelor thesis.

This article is an excerpt from our popular book: 'The successful bachelor & master thesis. With system and structure to the top grade '.

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Why do I have to defend my bachelor thesis?

The defense of scientific work has a long tradition in research. It primarily serves to prove that you have actually understood the content of your bachelor thesis and can present it in conversation. In addition, in the defense of your bachelor thesis, you can show that you are not only able to deal scientifically with a question, but that you can also discuss and present your work in an expert discussion. With the defense of the bachelor thesis you also have the chance to convince your examiners that you have dealt with an interesting topic relevant to research. Finally, the defense of the bachelor thesis serves as proof that you have dealt intensively with the topic of your work. You are the expert in the conversation and you should prove that in the discussion. You also have to be able to answer critical questions from your supervisor and shine in conversation with detailed knowledge. Your examiners have already read your work before the defense and were able to get an idea of ​​your topic and your approach as well as your most important theses. They may also have noticed weaknesses, for example in the logical structure of your argumentation or a thesis was not adequately justified in the analysis. The defense of the bachelor thesis offers you the opportunity to explain the argumentation and the structure of your work again in a conversation and to address the most important theses and thus iron out weaknesses.

Who has to defend his bachelor thesis?

While it was still common a few years ago that every student had to defend their thesis in front of their examiners, the individual courses are now free to decide whether they want a defense of the bachelor thesis or not. The examination regulations of each degree program prescribe the course of the bachelor thesis and thus also regulate whether a defense of the bachelor thesis is necessary or not. It can happen that a student who is studying under an old examination regulation has to defend his bachelor thesis, while another graduate is exempt from the defense because he is studying on the basis of a new examination regulation. If you want to bypass the defense of your bachelor thesis under all circumstances, you should ask the examination office whether it is possible for you to switch to another examination regulation. In general, however, you should not regard the defense of the bachelor thesis as a hurdle or a chore, but as an opportunity: Because you may not have been able to process all the thoughts in your bachelor thesis and now you have the opportunity to correct difficulties in your analysis and to gain additional knowledge from your examiners shine.

The expectations of the defense of your bachelor thesis

In the defense of your bachelor thesis, you are essentially expected to do two things: On the one hand, you must present your project in terms of content, methodology and concept as part of a presentation of your work. You are expected to appear as an expert in your subject area and to be able to confidently introduce the problems of your work. The main thing for the examiners is to see that you have dealt intensively and in a structured manner with the problems of your bachelor thesis and have recognized the difficulties and the relevance of the topic. Even if your supervisor may not be able to understand all the arguments after reading your thesis, they now expect you to be able to confidently justify why you chose the argument. This is especially important for the discussion where you face your examiners' questions. No job is perfect, the examiners know that too. So no reason to panic if you are made aware of inconsistencies or weaknesses in your bachelor thesis. Defend your approach, after all you have dealt intensively with the topic for months and worked out your concept in a lengthy and careful manner.

The defense of the bachelor thesis (continued)

The defense of the bachelor thesis is felt to be another hurdle on the way to graduation after the many weeks and months that you have put into the preparation of the thesis. But it doesn't have to be that way! You should see the defense of the bachelor thesis as an opportunity. In the last part of the series you have already received valuable information on the topic of defending the bachelor thesis. The second part is intended to prepare you with some practical tips for the presentation and the subsequent discussion so that nothing can go wrong with your defense.

The perfect preparation for the defense of the bachelor thesis

Since you have dealt intensively with the topic of your bachelor thesis for several months, you should be pretty familiar with your topic. Even so, it is helpful to reread the paper and possibly take a look at your notes or even the main research literature. This will give you an overview of the most important theses and research controversies. You may already notice key points in your analysis or research that your examiners might ask you about. In addition to preparing the content for the defense of your bachelor thesis, the practical planning of your presentation should not be neglected. Take enough time to work out your presentation. This should be well structured and limited to the most important points: Your presentation in defense of your bachelor thesis is subject to a strict time frame, which should not be exceeded under any circumstances. This is usually around 20 minutes. In addition, you should be able to give your presentation as freely and safely as possible. So practice it as often as possible in front of friends, family or fellow students. They can give you feedback with suggestions for improvement and the exercise gives you security. Also think about seemingly irrelevant things early on: This includes, for example, booking a suitable room for the defense and that the necessary technology is available, such as a laptop and projector. Also have your examiners confirm the time to avoid unnecessary difficulties at the beginning of the defense.

How does the conversation to defend the bachelor thesis work?

As a rule, the defense of the bachelor thesis begins with a presentation of your bachelor thesis. This is similar to a presentation: You are expected to speak fluently, freely and confidently. A presentation designed by you is also expected in the defense of the bachelor thesis. Meaningful slides with self-designed pictures and graphics and as little text as possible appear professional. An interesting introduction is also very important in order to secure the attention and curiosity of your examiners right from the start. In terms of content, you should first emphasize the relevance of your topic. If there are central technical terms in your bachelor thesis, it makes sense to mention and define these at the beginning. In addition, you should mention the research question and the objective of your work at the beginning of your presentation. Then you can orientate yourself on the red thread of your work for the structuring of your presentation. Limit yourself to the essentials instead of getting lost in the details. If there are any ambiguities, the examiners usually ask of their own accord. At the end of your lecture, go into the conclusion of your analysis in any case: Were you able to solve your research question? Were there any surprising findings and are there possibly new approaches that emerged from your analysis that could be explored further? To avoid an embarrassing silence after the end of your presentation, lead the conversation into the discussion with a suitable question. Your examiners will now ask you questions about your work and will also address ambiguities and problems in your analysis. You should be prepared for this and not panic. Answer the questions calmly and in detail, because your supervisors are usually not as familiar with your topic as you are. If you are not sure whether you have answered the question adequately, then ask your examiners - this is your chance to steer the discussion to a certain extent independently and to focus on areas in which you are particularly familiar.

After defending the bachelor thesis

Congratulations - if you have successfully completed the defense of your bachelor thesis, the bachelor thesis project is finally completed. You can sit back and wait for your grade to be announced. As a rule, you will receive a grade for the defense of your bachelor thesis as well as a separate grade for the bachelor thesis you submitted in writing. Since this represents the actual performance, this grade naturally counts significantly more. As a rule, one can assume that the written bachelor thesis is weighted 8: 2 compared to the grade of the defense of the bachelor thesis. The defense of the bachelor thesis can neither completely lower your overall grade, nor can it really improve a bad grade in the written work. It only allows a small amount of leeway and is especially crucial if you are between two grades after the assessment of the written work and can possibly help you to get a better grade. Even if you think of a chore when defending your bachelor thesis, the advantages should not be overlooked. And the prospect of a better overall grade is incentive enough for a successful appearance in the defense of the bachelor thesis, isn't it?

This article is an excerpt from our popular book: 'The successful bachelor & master thesis. With system and structure to the top grade '.

Buy the entire book here:

-> To the book