Vikings invaded East Asia

Vikings: The time of the Northmen

They suddenly appeared at the end of the 8th century and terrified Europe for almost 300 years. But the Vikings are much more than fighters without fear or mercy. See and read for yourself!

around 700

People live together in small tribal groups along the Scandinavian coasts. Lured by rich booty and adventures, they set off on their first voyages of conquest in the middle of the 8th century. They go on "viking", hence their name.

725

Frisians found the Haithabu trading center, which will soon become the trading hub of the north. At the end of the 8th century, the settlement was conquered by the Danes.

793

On June 8, Vikings raided Lindisfarne Monastery on the east coast of England. For many, this raid began the history of the Vikings.

after 793

Viking raids on the coasts of Scotland and Ireland. Charlemagne, ruler of the Franconian Empire, sets up a pirate defense force in the estuaries of his empire.

826

Harald Klark was the first Viking king to be baptized in Mainz - and took missionary Ansgar with him to Denmark. He becomes bishop of Hamburg from 831.

834

Vikings erect the Oseberg ship grave at the Oslofjord, which was not dug up again until 1904 - the most famous Viking grave.

837

Vikings attack for the first time with large fleets of around 60 ships. In the following decades they start several raids, first into the Franconian Empire and then along the east coast of England. From 851 the Vikings established themselves in England.

839

When an imperial delegation from Constantinople visited the Frankish Empire in what is now Turkey, Viking traders from Eastern Europe are also there. So it becomes clear: the Viking trade network extends to the Slavs. There the Vikings are called "Rus". The term Russia is derived from this later.

841

Vikings found Dublin, now the capital of Ireland.

845

Vikings destroy the bishopric of Hamburg; Paris is buying itself free from the Vikings with 7,000 pounds of silver.

870

Norsemen from Norway and Scandinavian settlers from Ireland and Scotland settle in Iceland.

from 880

The cities of Cologne, Bonn and Trier are now also victims of the warriors from the far north.

880

King Harald Fairhair is said to become the first king of Norway.

from 886

King Alferd of Wessex begins to retake parts of England from the Vikings.

911

Viking leader Rollo is allowed to settle with his people in the Seine Valley in what is now France - the Normandy, i.e. Northman rule in the Normandy named after them begins.

at 930

The first Althing takes place in Iceland - a kind of popular assembly in which men pass laws or settle feuds.

around 933

Harald Fairhair dies. His successor as King of Norway is Erik the Blood Ax. Five years later, however, he was driven from the throne by his brother.

948

Erik Blutaxt becomes King of York, but also expelled here after six years. It is the end of Viking rule in this part of England.

around 965

Denmark's King Harald Blauzahn is baptized and promotes the Christianization of Denmark.

from 980

Vikings begin sacking England again.

986

Erik the Red lands on Greenland with his people.

987

Harald Blauzahn is subject to his son Sven Gabelbart, who becomes the new King of Denmark.

1001

Leif Eriksson sails from Greenland to the east coast of North America, which he calls "Vinland".

1002

England's King Ethelred II orders the Danes living in the country to be killed. Sven Gabelbart then sends a fleet to England to retaliate. It is the beginning of a new war of conquest.

1013

Sven Gabelbart invades England and takes the throne. Shortly before the coronation, however, the king dies. This is how Ethelred II, who fled to Normandy, can return.

from 1016

Canute the Great ruled England, Denmark, and later Norway.

1036

A Swede named Ingvar travels across the great rivers of Russia, presumably as far as Central Asia. The entire expedition perished there, rune stones tell.

1046-1066

Harald the Harte rules Norway.

1066

A Slavic army burns down Haithabu.

1066

The English King Herald Godwinson defeats Harald the Hard near the Stamford Bridge. Many consider this defeat to be the end of the Viking Age.

around 1220

The Icelandic scribe Snorri Sturluson summarizes all Nordic gods in the saga collection "Edda".

around 1450

Poor harvests are probably responsible for the Viking descendants becoming extinct on Greenland.

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