Kumaraswamy will step down today

B. S. Yeddyurappa (Bookanakere Siddalingappa Yeddyurappa,[1] also Yeddyurappa or. Yediyurappa;[2]Kannada: ಬಿ. ಎಸ್. ಯಡಿಯೂರಪ್ಪ [ˈjʌɖijuːrʌpːʌ]; * February 27, 1943 in Bookanakere, Mandya District) is an Indian politician of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from the state of Karnataka. From May 2008 to July 2011 he was Chief Minister (Head of Government) Karnatakas. He also held this office twice - in November 2007 and May 2018 - each for a few days. He has held this office for the fourth time since July 26, 2019.[2]

biography

Early years and personalities

B. S. Yeddyurappa was born on February 27, 1943 as the son of the farmer Siddalingappa and his wife Puttatayamma in the village of Bookanakere in the Mandya district in southern Karnataka. He is Hindu and belongs to the Lingayat, a widespread and politically influential caste in Karnataka. Yeddyurappa completed his education with a Bachelor of Arts in Bangalore. He then worked first as a secretary in the local administration, then in a private rice mill in Shikaripur in the Shivamogga district, before he opened a metal goods store in Shivamogga (Shimoga) after his marriage in 1967. With his wife Maitradevi, who died in 2004, B. S. Yeddyurappa has two sons and three daughters. His son B. Y. Raghavendra also embarked on a political career in the BJP and was a member of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the all-India parliament, from 2009 to 2014.

B. S. Yeddyurappa originally wrote his name in Latin script Yediyurappa, changed the spelling in 2007 to Yeddyurappa.[3]

Political rise

Since 1970, B. S. Yeddyurappa has been a member of the Hindu nationalist cadre organization Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), with which he had been in contact since his teenage years. He began his political career in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh party (BJS), which was merged into the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in 1980. 1972 B. S. Yeddyurappa BJS chairman in the Taluk (sub-district) Shikaripur, in 1975 he was elected chairman of the city council of Shikaripur. In the same year he was detained for 45 days during the state of emergency imposed by Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

In 1983, Yeddyurappa successfully stood for the first time for the BJP party that had emerged from the BJS in the Shikaripur constituency in the elections for the Karnataka Legislative Assembly (the lower house of the state parliament). In 1985 he was able to repeat his success. Yeddyurappa has been chairman of the BJP in the state of Karnataka since 1988. He defended his constituency in the 1989 and 1994 state elections. In the 1999 election he was defeated, however, and instead moved into the Upper House of Karnataka Legislative Council in 2000.

First term Chief Minister (2007)

In the 2004 state election in Karnataka, the BJP emerged as the strongest party for the first time. Because the BJP did not have a majority of its own, it formed a coalition of the Indian National Congress and the Janata Dal (Secular) (JD (S)), a split from the Janata Dal party, a government led by Congress politician N Dharam Singh. B. S. Yeddyurappa, who had been re-elected to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly from his ancestral constituency Shikaripur, took over the office of opposition leader.

In February 2006 the JD (S) got out of the coalition with the Congress Party and concluded a government alliance with the BJP. It was agreed that H. D. Kumaraswamy from JD (S) would take over the post of Chief Minister for the first and B. S. Yeddyurappa for the second half of the remaining legislative term. During Kumaraswamy's reign, Yeddyurappa served as deputy chief minister and finance minister. When B. S. Yeddyurappa was supposed to move up to the post of Chief Minister in October 2007, Kumaraswamy refused to resign, which led to the breach of the coalition and the imposition of President’s rule led. In the meantime, the differences between BJP and JD (S) seemed to have settled, so that B. S. Yeddyurappa could be sworn in as Chief Minister Karnatakas on November 25, 2007. Ultimately, the two parties fell out again, so that Yeddyurappa had to resign a week later and Karnataka again for half a year President’s rule was asked.[4]

Second term as Chief Minister (2008-2011)

In the new elections in 2008, the BJP achieved another election success. This time it narrowly missed an absolute majority and was able to form a government with the support of six independent MPs. On May 30, 2008, B. S. Yeddyurappa was sworn in as Chief Minister for the second time. Yeddyurappa had thus succeeded in bringing the BJP to power in a southern Indian state for the first time.[5]

B. S. Yeddyurappa's tenure as Chief Minister ended prematurely because of his involvement in a corruption scandal. In October 2010, a part of the BJP parliamentary group refused to follow Yeddyurappa after allegations arose that the latter had given his family members state land well below market value, which they then sold on to a mining company at a large profit.[6] Yeddyurappa only survived a vote of no confidence in parliament through the controversial decision of the parliamentary president to exclude 16 renegade MPs from the election.[7] In January 2011, the Governor of Karnatakas H. R. Bharadwaj approved the prosecution of Yeddyurappa for the corruption allegations.[8] In its final report published in July 2011, an independent commission of inquiry accused Yeddyurappa of allowing illegal mining, which led to the state losing over 18 billion rupees (around 280 million euros) in revenues.[9] On July 31, Yeddyurappa, who denies the allegations, had to resign from the office of chief minister under pressure from the BJP party leadership because of the corruption allegations.[10] On October 15, 2011, Yeddyurappa was arrested on charges of corruption and released 24 days later on payment of a bail.[11]

As successor to B. S. Yeddyurappas D. V. Sadananda Gowda was the new Chief Minister of Karnataka. Gowda was considered a confidante of Yeddyurappa and enjoyed the support of the resigned Chief Minister in the internal party dispute. Speculation that he would continue to pull the strings in the background and prepare his return to the office of Chief Minister, Yeddyurappa denied immediately after the election of Sadananda Gowda.[12]

Foundation of the KJP and re-entry into the BJP (2012-2014)

In March 2012, the Supreme Court acquitted Karnatakas Yeddyurappa of the allegations of corruption. Thereupon Yeddyurappa prepared to return to the office of Chief Minister, but this was rejected by Sadananda Gowda. In response, Yeddyurappa transferred its support to Gowda's internal party competitor Jagadish Shettar, who finally succeeded Sadananda Gowda as Chief Minister of Karnataka on July 12, 2012 after a power struggle.[13] The power struggle within the party continued, however, and ultimately led to B. S. Yeddyurappa deciding to leave the BJP.[14] On December 9, 2012, he created a new party, the Karnataka Janata Paksha (KJP), with which he ran in the 2013 general election.[15] The KJP won six out of 224 constituencies (including one through Yeddyurappa), while the Congress Party won an absolute majority. The party thus fell short of the self-imposed expectation that it would be needed as a majority procurer in the new government. However, Yeddyurappa credited the KJP for causing the BJP to lose a decisive vote.[16]

Soon after the election, Yeddyurappa approached the BJP again. In September 2013, he announced that the KJP would support the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance in the 2014 all-India parliamentary elections.[17] In January 2014, Yeddyurappa finally announced the union of the KJP with the BJP.[18] In the parliamentary elections in April / May 2014, Yeddyurappa was elected as a candidate for the BJP by a large margin from the Shimoga constituency into the Lok Sabha, the pan-Indian lower house. Yeddyurappa's hopes for a ministerial post in the Modi I cabinet were not fulfilled. The reason for this were the corruption allegations against him.[19]

Third term as Chief Minister (2018)

In the run-up to the parliamentary elections in Karnataka in 2018, the BJP selected B. S. Yeddyurappa as their top candidate. As a result of the election, the BJP became the strongest party, but could not win an absolute majority of the parliamentary seats. Although the Congress Party and the JD (S), which emerged as the second and third strongest party in the election, were preparing to form a coalition government, the governor of Karnatakas, Vajubhai Vala, instructed Yeddyurappa to form a government on May 16, 2018.[20] B. S. Yeddyurappa was sworn in as Karnataka's chief minister on May 17 after a petition by the Congress Party and JD (S) to halt Yeddyurappa's appointment was rejected by the Supreme Court in a rush night session.[21] After Governor Yeddyurappa had initially given 15 days to prove his parliamentary majority, the Supreme Court ordered a vote of confidence for May 19 to prevent MPs from the opposition parties from being influenced.[22] After it became clear that Yeddyurappa would miss a majority, immediately before the planned vote of confidence, Karnataka announced his resignation from the post of Chief Minister in a speech to Parliament.[23] The events of 2007 were repeated, when Yeddyurappa also had to resign as Chief Minister after a few days. His three-day tenure was among the shortest in Indian history, but is surpassed by Jagdambika Pal, who was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh for just one day in 1998.[24] After the failure of the Yeddyurappa government, the governor Vajubhai Vala entrusted the JD (S) politician H. D. Kumaraswamy with the formation of a government.[25] In connection with the failed vote of confidence, the Congress party released sound recordings that reported that Yeddyurappa and other BJP politicians had tried to persuade Congressmen to move to the BJP camp by promising ministerial posts.[26]

Fourth term as Chief Minister

After the all-Indian election in 2019, which ended very unfavorably for the Congress Party (INC) and Janata Dal (Secular) (JD (S)) in Karnataka, the ruling INC-JD (S) coalition dissolved. Several MPs announced their resignation, as a result of which the coalition lost its narrow parliamentary majority. After a vote of confidence that was lost, the incumbent Chief Minister Kumaraswamy announced his resignation, whereupon the governor appointed Yeddyurappa as the new Chief Minister on July 26, 2019. In a vote of confidence on July 29, 2019, he received a majority of the votes of the MPs.[27]

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ The name of the place of birth, Bookanakere and the patronymicSiddalingappa are, as is customary in South India, abbreviated in front of the name, Yeddyurappa is the nickname.
  2. abYediyurappa, not Yeddyurappa, sworn-in as Karnataka chief minister for fourth time. indiatoday.in, July 26, 2019, accessed on July 31, 2019.
  3. ↑ DNA India: Yediyurappa changes name to Yeddyurappa, October 27, 2007.
  4. ↑ BBC News: BJP government falls in Karnataka, November 19, 2007.
  5. ↑ BBC News: BJP forms government in Karnataka, May 30, 2008.
  6. ↑ BBC News: Karnataka's BJP government reduced to minority, October 6, 2010.
  7. ↑ BBC News: India Karnataka government wins second confidence vote, October 14, 2010.
  8. ↑ BBC News: India's BJP party demands recall of Karnataka governor, January 24, 2011.
  9. ↑ Times of India: Lokayukta report indicts chief minister BS Yeddyurappa, BJP may dump him, July 27, 2011.
  10. ↑ The Hindu: Yeddyurappa sends resignation to Gadkari, to meet Governor, July 31, 2011.
  11. ↑ The Hindu: Yeddyurappa, Krishnaiah Setty freed on bail, November 8, 2011.
  12. ↑ The Times of India: I don't want to become super CM: Yeddyurappa, August 2, 2011.
  13. ↑ Ravi Sharma: "Power and pain", in: Frontline 29.15 (August 10, 2012).
  14. ↑ The Hindu: BJP’s patch up effort with Yeddyurappa fails, November 11, 2012. @ 1 @ 2Template: Dead Link / www.thehindu.com (Page no longer available, search inWeb archives)Info: The link was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
  15. ↑ The Hindu: Yeddyurappa dares BJP to seek a fresh mandate, December 9, 2012 (Memento of the original from December 14, 2012 in Internet Archive) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@ 1 @ 2 Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.thehindu.com
  16. The Hindu, May 9, 2013: "Congress gained 23 seats due to KJP: Yeddyurappa".
  17. The Hindu, September 14, 2013: "Yeddyurappa says KJP will be part of NDA".
  18. The Hindu, January 4, 2014: "Yeddyurappa conveys merger decision to Speaker Thimmappa".
  19. The Times of India, May 22, 2014: "B S Yeddyurappa opts out of cabinet quest", Deccan Herald, May 27, 2014: "No Lok Sabha member from Shimoga has become minister".
  20. The Economic Times, May 16, 2018: "Governor invites BJP to form government, BS Yeddyurappa to take oath on Thursday".
  21. The Economic Times, May 17, 2018: "BS Yeddyurappa sworn in as Karnataka chief minister".
  22. The News Minute, May 18, 2018: "SC orders Karnataka floor test on Saturday: Can Yeddyurappa prove majority?".
  23. The Times of India, May 19, 2018: "Yeddyurappa resigns as Karnataka CM before trust vote, says 'will go to the people'".
  24. Gulf News, May 20, 2018: "Yeddyurappa’s 3-day stint as chief minister among shortest".
  25. The Hindu, May 20, 2018: "Yeddyurappa out, Kumaraswamy in".
  26. The Hindu, May 19, 2018: "More audio tapes of BJP leaders‘ wooing ’Congress MLAs tumble out".
  27. Yediyurappa wins Karnataka trust vote; Speaker resigns. livemint.com, July 29, 2019, accessed July 31, 2019.