What is the history of pets
The story of the cat
For cat lovers, they are the embodiment of beauty and grace; their critics consider cats to be insincere and a little too independent. This ambivalence and fascination has been around for a long time and goes back thousands of years.
Cats have been living together in harmony with humans since 3,000 BC. Known in ancient Egypt. Archaeological research results in this region point to the African wildcat or black cat (Felix sylvestris lybica) as the first ancestor of the domestic cat. In fact, the African wildcat is now often kept as a pet by traditional peoples. Studies done in South Africa have found no difference between the domestic cat and the African wildcat using DNA mapping techniques. The European wildcat (Felis sylvestris sylvestris), which is often thought to have been involved in the development of the cat as a pet, is clearly different from the two species, and as scientists and historians suggest, the African wildcat was initially attracted searched for the proximity of Egyptian grain stores along the banks of the Nile from the mice and rats present there. By eradicating the rodents, the cats made themselves popular with the population. In addition, the early domestic cats benefited from the fact that there were fewer predators compared to the surrounding areas and that, due to their proximity to humans, they were able to reproduce with a much greater chance of success. Thanks to the large littering strength, the more friendly cats have expanded geographically in a short time.
Very young kittens came into contact with friendly people, were taken home and looked after by them. As a result, people quickly assumed the status of parents for them. Their child-like dependence was maintained through early contact and feeding in the important age phase of two to eight weeks. The bond with humans that arose in this way remained strong in these kittens even after reaching sexual maturity and adulthood. Possibly thanks to their use of keeping food stores free from rodents and vermin, the Egyptians elevated cats to sacred gods in the form of cats. These cats were called "Mau". When a Mau died, its owner mourned, the cat was embalmed and "buried" in a wooden coffin. Female cats and lions were associated with Sekhmet, the much venerated Egyptian goddess of war, while the tomcats were considered the holy embodiment of the sun god Ra.
Protecting cats from harm became a passionate tradition and anyone who unexpectedly encountered an injured cat fled on the spot for fear of being accused. After their death, cats were mummified and cremated. There were often huge cat graves of tens of thousands of cats.
Despite efforts by the Egyptians to prevent their beloved animals from being exported, the Greeks simply took cats with them to control their own rodent and vermin problem. Around 900 BC The first domesticated specimens appeared in Europe. Eventually, the Egyptians began selling cats to the Romans, Gauls, Celts, and later other European countries and tribes, causing the cat population to expand worldwide. Until 500 BC The cat was widespread in China. Initially, cats were given as gifts to the emperor. Over time, the possession of cats was also allowed to the nobility, then to the priests and finally to the ordinary citizens. Many cats crossed with the native wild cats. This is how some of the breeds we know today came about. The first record of domestic cats in the British Isles dates back to 936 AD when Howell Dla, Prince of South Central Wales, enacted a law to protect cats.!
Unfortunately, the happy lives of domestic cats changed over the years and they became associated with misdeeds, diseases and sins. In 1484 Pope Innocent VII issued a decree which provided for all cat worshipers in Europe to be burned as witches. He believed that witches worshiped Satan and took the form of their animal helpers, the most common form of which was cats. Because of their habit of making night trips, cats became even more associated with the devil and sorcery. Any cat in the company of an old woman was mistaken for a witch's evil ally. Hundreds of cats and their owners were given over to flame death.
Obviously, the life of cats in Europe did not improve until the 17th century when they became mouse catchers, especially on ships. However, by the beginning of the Victorian era, cats had regained their acceptance as pets. Early breeds were presented at the first cat shows until the end of the 19th century. In 1871 a large exhibition for British Shorthair and Persian cat types took place in London's Crystal Palace. Around the same time, the Maine Coon cat breed was presented at the first American cat show in New England, USA. Today, the quality of life for cats is undoubtedly higher than ever before. Given an aura of supernatural wisdom and independence, cats are definitely destined for long existence.
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