What is civil engineering safety
Occupational safety in civil engineering - measures and regulations
Occupational safety in civil engineering is an important issue in order to protect the health of employees and thus the profitability of the company. According to Section 5 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, a risk assessment is mandatory in order to collect possible dangers in the course of civil engineering work and to develop measures. The employers' liability insurance association offers free action aids to prepare a risk assessment. For a concrete determination of the sources of danger, the working framework must be clearly defined in advance:
- What work will be carried out?
- Which machines and construction equipment are used?
- Are there any traffic routes nearby?
- Which activities are carried out?
- Are there supply lines for electricity, water or gas in the vicinity of the construction site?
- Which work equipment and materials are used?
On the basis of this knowledge, possible dangers in the handling of machines or the use of materials can be shown. As a rule, however, not all potential dangers can be found in this way, so it is important that the documents available are used to uncover further clues. Think of operating instructions for the use of vehicles, safety data sheets for the building materials used and public information from the professional association for the construction industry.
It is also worth consulting with architects, authorities and planners. In this way, for example, dangers from branch pollution, ordnance and supply lines can be uncovered. The weather, human behavior, heat or any hazards caused by work must also be taken into account.
Possible measures for more work safety in civil engineering
The risk assessment does not end with the listing of possible dangers! Once you have compiled all potential sources of danger, you must develop possible protective measures to ensure occupational safety during civil engineering work. Substitutions are an important aspect. Working methods, materials and machines, for example, can be replaced by less harmful substitutions. So you can swap the commercially available mortar for mortar in pellet form in order to reduce the risk of dust. If methods or materials cannot be replaced, alternative measures must be developed, such as the use of dust extraction machines. This is followed by organizational measures, such as the ban on sweeping dusty surfaces. At the very end, personal protective measures such as protective clothing are used.
- Consider substitutions
- Plan technical measures
- Introduce organizational measures
- Enforce personal protective measures
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