Who defined adult education

The understanding of the terms adult education, vocational education, training, further education and further education is not uniform. In the discussion, very different contents are referred to with these terms, so that it is necessary to clarify the understanding of the term in each case before one deals with the content of statements on these topics. Here adult education is understood as a generic term for diverse forms of educational events for adults. A distinction must be made between vocational training and all other fields of adult education.

The Vocational Training Act (BBiG), in which the provisions on vocational training are regulated, distinguishes in Section 1 between vocational training, professional training and vocational retraining.

Vocational training in Germany is characterized by the dual system, i.e. there is a simultaneity of school and company until completion of training in a recognized training occupation.

Further training is generally understood to mean the qualification initiated and financed by the employer and related to the specific job. A qualification that is recognized outside of the sending company and leads to a formal authorization is usually not acquired.

This is different with further training, which usually leads to an additional professional qualification and has a formal meaning regardless of the specific employer. Continuing vocational training is developing into a further branch of vocational training in connection with the demand for lifelong learning.

Adult education beyond the professional sphere takes place in a variety of forms. The offerings of the adult education centers were and are of outstanding importance. In addition, a pluralism of adult education institutions has developed. A large number of public and independent providers of adult education, some limited to special topics, have emerged alongside the adult education centers. Mixed forms often develop between adult education and leisure activities, social therapy such as parenting or family education, family self-help, political education and social cultural work. Where adult education arises from a concept of the situation in life (self-help), it is often dependent on specific people or influenced by a certain milieu (class). Here social workers and social pedagogues are often active as speakers or as organizers.