How do I take good photos

Shooting like a pro: 11 tips for taking good photos

Photography is not rocket science. However, there are a few rules you should follow to make your pictures good. These eleven tips have long since become part of the flesh and blood of professional photographers - and will always help you to make your photos turn out better.

How does a professional adjust his camera?

Regardless of the quality of your camera: it alone does not ensure that you take good photos. There are a few tips that will help you adjust the camera settings so that you are optimally equipped for the respective shooting situation. You can find the basics here: Basics of digital photography: Tips for beginners.

1. Aperture eight in bright light

The saying "The sun is laughing, take care of the aperture" is still valid. The background comes from the old days: For a film with the usual sensitivity value at the time, the exposure with f / 8 at 1/125 of a second was something like the best recommendation for pictures in direct sunlight.

Even today, this aperture setting ensures that as many details as possible are preserved in bright light. If, on the other hand, you choose an automatic exposure program for your camera, the colors will in many cases be falsified.

2. Open aperture when moving

Do you want a motive When taking pictures in motion, you should use the aperture as open as possible choose. The following applies: the more open the aperture, the smaller the aperture number and the shorter the shutter speed.

Short shutter speeds, in turn, ensure that motion blurring is avoided and even fast movements are frozen. The result: objects in motion appear sharp in your photos.

A small f-number reliably freezes even fast movements. This scene was shot with an aperture of 3.2.

3. Open aperture, blurred background - closed aperture, great depth of field

The more open the aperture and the smaller the f-number, for example 2.8, the more the background becomes blurred. An effect that is suitable for many motifs, for example portraits. Conversely, the depth of field increases the closer the aperture is and the larger the f-number, about 8 to 11.

If you use a large aperture, you should increase the shutter speed or ISO number accordingly. If you go up with the shutter speed, more light falls on the sensor. If you increase the ISO number, the light sensitivity of your image sensor is increased.

4. Be careful with the ISO number

If you prefer not to use the flash, use higher values ​​for the ISO setting after opening the aperture and increasing the shutter speed. Don't forget: Depending on the camera, from ISO 800 to 1600 there will be a lot of noise and the image will be grainier.

5. Use RAW format

What do professionals take photos with?

Those who master the techniques can also benefit from the quality of a professional camera. There are models that are more suitable for beginners, such as the Canon EOS 750D. Professionals tend to go for a higher quality model like the Canon 5D Mark 3, for example with an additional battery handle and powerful wide-angle lenses.

Advantages: Compared to cheaper models, the 5D has a high-resolution full-frame sensor and extreme image sharpness and color depth. The additional battery handle is used for long photo shoots. And a bright lens leaves a lot of leeway even in difficult lighting conditions.

If your digital camera allows you to save uncompressed images in RAW format, you should use this option. This does require more storage space, but the quality of the images is not lost.

In the RAW format, the images remain unchanged and all recorded light and color values ​​are saved on the card without further processing by the camera software.

This is different, for example, with the JPG format. Here the camera takes over the settings and saves the compressed image. If you are later not satisfied with the choice of colors and dynamics and correct the images, this leads to the loss of data for individual pixels.

For the RAW format, however, the following also applies: Post-processing is always necessary. You can read how this works here: Editing RAW images: Tips and programs.

What should I consider when it comes to light?

Light and photos belong together like identical twins. You will encounter countless different lighting conditions that either make a good picture easier or more difficult. You should keep these tips in mind.

6. Golden hour, lunch break and blue hour

The The hour after sunrise and before sunset is referred to as the golden hour in photography referred to. In this phase the sun is low, the shadows are long and everything is bathed in an orange-reddish light that creates a lot of atmosphere. At noon, on the other hand, when the sun is at its highest, the light is often too strong. This can swallow dark areas of the image and overexpose light areas.

In such conditions, it is better to take a lunch break and only then continue taking photos. The Blue hour is the time when the sun goes down. Here the sky is particularly blue, the contrasts are softened and the light creates a particularly soft, pleasant atmosphere. In order to find out when the mentioned time periods begin and end in the respective region, appropriate apps can now be used.

7. Use the flash sparingly

First of all: only use the flash if there is no other way. The reason: Taking good photos with the help of flash is a real art. With direct flash in particular, subjects such as faces are severely overexposed. Try to use a flash that can be used to flash indirectly. For example, you can build small clip-on reflectors yourself with little effort. Practice this procedure so that you can create the right lighting mood in an emergency.

What is decisive for perspective and background?

If you are too inattentive with perspective or background, you will hardly ever produce a photo that can withstand high demands. It is worth investing a lot of energy in these two aspects in order to get satisfactory results.

8. Appreciate perspective and background

In many cases, an effective perspective must first be developed. Check all shooting positions, whether from above, from the knees, lying down or from difficult terrain. For example, when photographing children, you should always bend your knees and be at eye level with the camera. Even if it can be exhausting depending on the subject: In the end, this effort will be worthwhile and you will get a perspective from which you can photograph your subject in a fascinating way.

You shouldn't neglect the background either. Mostly this is just as important as your subject itself. On the one hand, it should not distract and support the main subject. On the other hand, the background - such as a cloudy sky - is an important part of the overall picture, which can have a decisive influence on the overall effect. For example, if you photograph a shipwreck, a gloomy sky adds to the ghostly atmosphere.

What is the procedure for creating professional photos?

Many photographers are so stuck in the creative process that they throw simple basic rules overboard or simply forget them. Here are three important ones to keep in mind.

9. Have patience

Professionals generally spend a lot more time on their pictures than amateurs. Also try to resist the urge to snap as much as possible in the shortest possible time. Good pictures often need that decisive ounce of patienceso that they succeed. If you want to photograph a street scene, for example, choose the section that is relevant to you and the perspective that is perfect for your subject. Then have enough patience until the best conditions, such as a person walking or a driving car, arise for your subject.

Why should I photograph people?

Photographs of stationary objects, landscape shots for example, are quite easy to accomplish for most photographers. The classic, for example, a sunset, has been captured excellently by millions and millions of professional and amateur photographers. Those who want to photograph people, on the other hand, have far less peace and control on most occasions. Try to expose yourself to this situation anyway. Work on finding motifs for good pictures with people and taking photos of them, despite all the difficulties. You will find that you are making a development that produces exciting and extraordinary photos of people.

10. Take lots of pictures

Don't try to save on storage space. Take pictures of the same subject several times and use different shooting options. This can be a different perspective, a different section or a different setting on your camera. This increases the likelihood that one of the pictures with a certain motif will show the creativity and creative power that you are hoping for.

11. Omission is important

Do not try to permanently capture the entire scene and get as much as possible in your picture. Focus on a specific part as often as possible. This will have all the more effect and can often say much more about a mood than does the rather bland photographing of an overall picture. For example, if you want to take pictures of a fair, in most cases the horse of a carousel will create a lot more atmosphere than trying to get the entire ride including the adjoining booths in the picture.

Taking pictures with graduated filters: that's it, that's how it works!

Get the most out of your photos with simple tips

How do professionals manage to take such unique pictures and what does it take to take photos that others are just amazed at? The answer is simple: a decent camera, the right techniques, and patience. Basically anyone can take photos like a professional. He just has to know how to do it. The eleven tips from this guide show you how you can easily increase the quality of your photos and get closer to the perfect picture for you.

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