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Depiction of the Sun Wukong of the Forbidden Temple as depicted in a scene in a Beijing Opera.

Journey to the West, one of the four great classical novels in Chinese literature, was made in the 16th century and ascribed to Wu Cheng'en. Stories and characters were widespread, particularly in the Beijing Opera, and have been adapted multiple times in modern films, on television, on stage, and in other media.

painting

  • Japanese artist Tsukioka Yoshitoshi published a series of prints in 1865 entitled Tsûzoku saiyûki (A Modern Journey to the West) 430> Stage Plays
    • The Monkey Sun (Opičák Sun), a 1984 production containing several chapters from the novel by the Esence Theater in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
    • Amazing Monkey Adventures adapted from King, a 2001 children's game by Elizabeth Wong.
    • The Monkey King, a 2005 production by the Children's Theater Company in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
    • Journey to the West: The Musical, a stage musical that celebrated its world premiere on September 25, 2006 at the New York Musical Theater Festival.
    • Monkey: Journey to the West, an incidental music version by Chen Shi-Zheng, Damon Albarn and Jamie Hewlett. It premiered at the Palace Theater on June 28, 2007 as part of the Manchester International Festival.
    • Mary Zimmerman, Introduction by Anthony C. Yu, Journey to the West: A Piece (Northwestern University Press, 2011).
    • Monkey: A Journey West, a live storytelling by Sebastian Lockwood of the New Hampshire Institute of Art, presented February 2012.

    Movies

    • The Cave of the Silken Web or Pan Si Dong, a silent adaptation of a chapter of the 1927 novel. A sequel followed in 1930, The Cave of the Silken Web II (alternatively known as Spiders II).
    • Princess Iron Fan, a liberal adaptation of a short sequence from Journey to the West from 1941; the first Chinese cartoon.
    • Monkey Sun, a 1959 Japanese film produced by Toho, released as Magic Monkey Sun in Japan, The Adventures of Sun Wu Kung in the US, and Monkey Sun internationally.
    • Shanghai Animation Film Studio produced several animated films based on chapters from Journey to the West:
      • Havoc in Heaven, also known as Uproar in Heaven, is a 1961 Chinese animated feature film directed by Wan Lai-ming and produced by Wan and his three brothers. In 2012 it was "restored" in 3D.
      • Ren 果 (Ren Shen Guo), a 1981 Chinese animated film directed by Yan Ding Xian, known in English as Ginseng Fruit (also known as Stealing (the) Ginseng Fruit) and "Monkey King and Fruit of Immortality")
      • Jin 降妖 (Jinhou jiang yao / Jin hou xiang yao), The Monkey King Conquers the Demon, a 1985 Chinese animated film by Te Wei. known in English as "monkey (king) conquers the demon (white bone)" or "golden monkey subdues evil" or "golden monkey conquers evil".
    • Alakazam the Great, a retelling of the first part of the story based on the characters of Osamu Tezuka. It was one of the first anime films made by Toei Animation.
    • Produced in Hong Kong in the 1960s and produced by Shaw Brothers Studio and by Ho Meng-hua:
    • The Fantastic Magic Baby, a 1975 Hong Kong film directed by Chang Cheh.
    • Monkey King With 72 Magic, a 1979 Taiwanese film directed and produced by Fu Ching-Wa that tells the story from the birth of Sun Wu Kong to his imprisonment by Buddha.
    • Doraemon: Nobita's parallel Journey to the West, a 1988 anime by Fujiko Fujio
    • A Chinese Odyssey, a 1995 Hong Kong two-part fantasy comedy film loosely based on the novel starring Stephen Chow and Athena Chu Yan.
    • Heavenly Legend, a 1998 Taiwanese film by Tai Seng Entertainment that is based in part on the film novel.
    • A Chinese Great Story (20 05), a Hong Kong comedy film loosely based on the novel.
    • , a 2005 Taiwanese cartoon filmed by Wang Film Productions and directed by Wong Tung.
    • Saiyūki, also known as Monkey Magic: The Super Monkey Movie and Adventures, is a Japanese feature film produced by Fuji Television and released in Japan on July 14, 2007. The film was shot instead of a second season of the 2006 television series of the same name. The film was a box office hit and became the eighth highest film of 2007 in Japan.
    • Karma Saiyuki is the 2007 hentai version of the novel.
    • Monkey King vs. Er Lang Shen is a 2007 Chinese animated film produced by Yuan Cheng and features Wukong's battle against Er Lang Shen.
    • shows. The Forbidden Kingdom is a Sino-American fantasy adventure battle 2008 The art film with Jet Li as the monkey king.
    • Journey West: Conquering the Demons is a 2013 Hong Kong comedy film that is loosely based on the novel.
    • The Monkey King is a 2014 Sino-Hong Kong film directed by Cheang Pou-soi that depicts Wukong's rebellion against Heaven.
    • In March 2011, Neil Gaiman announced plans to write a film adaptation of Journey to the West at the request of television producer Zhang Jizhong. Guillermo del Toro is rumored to be a possible director, and James Cameron will also be consulting on the film.
    • Monkey King: Hero Is Back is a 2015 Chinese animated film directed by first director Tian Xiaopeng. The film is based on the story of Sun Wukong, the Monkey King, and his journey to the west to fight a powerful source of evil after he was released from his seal. As of 2015, it was the most successful Chinese animated film.
    • Surprise is a low budget Chinese fantasy comedy film from 2015 directed by Show Joy. It had a wide preview on December 12th and 13th, and was released on December 18, 2015.
    • The Monkey King 2 is a sequel to the 2014 Sino-Hong Kong film The Monkey King, directed by Cheang Pou-soi
    • Wu Kong plays Eddie Peng as Sun Wukong and Ni Ni as his lover. Zixia
    • Journey to the West: The Demons Strike Back is a sequel to Stephen Chow's first Journey to the West film. The movie stars Lin Gengxin as Monkey King.
    • Screenwriters Christopher Yost and Richard Taylor are working on a blockbuster retelling of the "Monkey King" for modern audiences for Abstract Entertainment and Eracme Entertainment of China, based in Los Angeles.
    • The Monkey King 3, a 2018 sequel and director Cheang Pou-soi, follows the third installment in his Monkey King series, Monkey King and His Classmates in the Land of Women.

    Television series

    • Monkey (Saiyūki), a Japanese television series from 1978-1980 based on Journey to the West. It was from the BBC.
    • Journey to the West, a CCTV-produced two-season television series starring Liu Xiao Ling Tong as Sun Wukong, translated into English. The two seasons were released in 1986 and 1999, respectively. Known for its loyalty to the original novel, this series is still considered a classic by many.
    • , a Japanese television series from 1994. Nippon TV produced another television series based on Journey to the West, entitled New Monkey, that ran for only one season.
    • Journey to the West, a 1996 Hong Kong television series by TVB starring Dicky Cheung as Sun Wukong. It was followed in 1998 by the sequel Journey to the West II with Benny Chan as Sun Wukong.
    • Xi You Ji is a 1999 Chinese animated series broadcast on CCTV. The entire series was later released on a 26-disc VCD set. The show was later dubbed into English and edited by Cinar (now known as Cookie Jar Entertainment) and was titled Journey to the West - Legends of the Monkey King. It first aired on Teletoon in Canada and originally featured on the Cookie Jar Toons block on This TV in the US from 2009-2010.
    • After the Journey to the West 西游记 后 传 is a 2000 Chinese television series loosely based on the events that take place after the Journey to the West. It is produced by Shaanxi Television. The main story revolves around finding seventeen magical relics before demons use them to take over heaven and earth.
    • The Monkey King, also known as The Lost Empire, a 2001 television adaptation of the legend of the sci-fi channel.
    • The Monkey King: Finding the Sutra, a 2002 Hong Kong television series loosely based on the novel. It was produced by TVB and played Dicky Cheung again as Sun Wukong.
    • Saiyūki, a 2006 Japanese television series produced by Fuji Television. The main character of Son Goku (Sun Wukong) was given to Shingo Katori, a member of the pop group SMAP. This remake was so successful that every third Japanese viewer who watched every episode of the series broke records.
    • Wu Cheng'en and Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series that tells the story of Wu Cheng'en and his inspiration for writing the novel. The main characters of the 1986 version Journey to the West restored their roles in this series.
    • Journey to the West, a 2010 Chinese television series directed and produced by Cheng Lidong, starring Fei Zhenxiang as Sun Wukong. It was broadcast on Zhejiang Satellite TV on February 14, 2010.
    • Journey to the West, a 2011 Chinese television series produced by Zhang Jizhong, with Wu Yue as Sun. Wukong. It was broadcast on Southern Television Guangdong on July 28, 2011.
    • Into the Badlands, one produced by AMC in 2015 and produced by Miles Millar
    • New Journey to the West, a 2015 South Korean variety show produced by cable channels tvN and Naver. Director is producer Na.
    • A Korean Odyssey, a South Korean drama produced by Studio Dragon Corporation and JS Pictures. It aired on tvN on December 23, 2017.
    • The New Legends of Monkey, a 2018 Australian-New Zealand television broadcast by ABC ME,
    • Till We Meet Again, a Singapore television series produced by MediaCorp Channel 8 in 2018 starring Taiwanese actor Kingone Wang and MediaCorp actors Ian Fang, Julie Tan and Elvin Ng premiered on November 26th. A series of auditions produced by Toggle aired on Channel 8 on October 11th.
    • Sun Wukong (voiced by James Sie) appears as a character in the Amazon series Kung Fu Panda: The Paws of Fate, based on the popular Dreamworks franchise. This representation is more based on his shapeshifting powers and his trick retention and relies on confusing enemies with mind games and deception. However, his enemy Baigujing (translated to White Bone Demon and voiced by Elisa Gabrielli) also appears as the main antagonist of the second half of the first season, manipulating the emperor's adoptive daughter (who had become jealous of the emperor's younger biological daughter who was getting the attention of you distracted) to murder him, build an army of animated terracotta soldiers, and later build a giant automaton to act as their new body.
    • RWBY, a web series created by Monty Oum and produced by Rooster Teeth, has a character named Sun Wukong who is inspired by its namesake Journey to the West. It currently has seven seasons on the air. To refer to the mythical Sun Wukong, Sun Wukong is here a monkey faunus (people with animal attributes, in his case a monkey tail), but who also uses a staff in combat (although it also breaks down into nunchuck / shotgun hybrid weapons that are individually are known and Ruyi Bang and Jingu Bang) and can generate clones to fight for him.
    • In Miraculous Ladybug those who lead the Monkey Miraculous (previously used by Sun Wukong and in the universe Sasuke Sarutobi) turns into a hero with numerous references to Sun Wukong. Once activated, the wearer uses a staff known as Ruyi Jingu Bang, and his main riot skill (so he can make toys that, when hit by an opponent, will malfunction their powers) can be used as an indication of his mischievous demeanor to be viewed in The original work.
    • MegaMan NT Warrior shows in episode 42 (32 in American dub) the main characters who play the characters from Journey to the West.
    • , a LEGO-animated spin-off series that takes place decades after the original story.
    • In an episode of The Librarians, Jacob Stone travels to Shangri-La to learn martial arts from the Monkey King (played by Ernie Reyes Jr.).

    Comics and Animations

    • Adventures from China: Monkey King, a 20-volume comic book series by Wei Dong Chen.
    • American Born Chinese by Gene Luen Yang features the legend of the Monkey King throughout the book. He uses the story of the Monkey King's quest to become equal to a god to match the sentiment of the main character, a Chinese immigrant who is struggling to fit into American society.
    • Digimon has several Digimon modeled on Journey to the West characters. Gokuumon is based on Sun Wukong, Sanzomon is based on Xuanzang, Cho-Hakkaimon is based on Zhu Bajie and Shawujinmon is based on Sha Wujing.
    • A 4-part sheet in season 2 of Dinosaur King is based on the main characters' time machine, which she lands in ancient China and meets Xuanzang (called "Sanzo Hoshi"). Through their adventure to find a mystical cosmos stone hidden behind a stone door that only Sanzo can open, the three realize that they themselves would become the inspirations for Sanzo's companions from the journey to the West.
    • "The God of High School," a Korean manga / game starring Jin Mori as the Monkey King Sun Wukong.
    • Dragon Ball was originally inspired by Journey to the West. For example, Sun Wukong (pronounced Son Goku in Japanese) becomes "Son Goku", who carries an elongated staff weapon, can fly with a magical cloud, and can turn into a giant monkey. The minor character Oolong was also based on Zhu Bajie and it was said that Yamcha was based on Sha Wujing. The object of the sutras is replaced by the seven "Dragon Balls" and the dragon "Shen Long", who appears from the Dragon Balls to grant a wish. The first arc is a loose adaptation of Journey to the West, while the following arcs diverge and tell original stories.
    • Gokū no Daibōken, a 1967 Japanese anime.
    • Iyashite Agerun Saiyūki, an adult from the 2007 anime.
    • Monkey Magic is an animated retelling of the legend.
    • Monkey Typhoon is a manga and anime series based on the saga "Journey to the West" and follows a futuristic steampunk retelling of the legend
    • Osomatsu-kun, a Japanese anime from 1988. Episode 64 is based on The Journey to the West.
    • Saint is a Manhua from Hong Kong created by Khoo Fuk-lung and loosely based on the trip to the west.
    • Saiyūki is a manga and anime series inspired by the legend. Follow-up series include Saiyūki Gaiden, Saiyūki Ibun and Saiyūki Reload Blast.
    • Secret Journey is an erotic doujin by Po-ju with a traveling priest, a boy who meets a monkey demon Son Goku, who becomes his first student.
    • Shinzo is an anime loosely based on Journey to the West.
    • Goku the monkey
    • Science fiction Saiyuki Starzinger, a 1978-1979 Japanese anime produced by Toei Animation that features a science fiction / space opera reinterpretation of the story.
    • The Ape, a graphic novel by Milo Manara and Silverio Pisu, published by Catalan Communications in 1986. Previously serialized in Heavy Metal in 1983, this is a more adult adaptation of Journey to the West with a foreword by Renata Pisu. ISBN 978-0-87416-019-2
    • The Flying Superboard is a Korean animated series based on Journey to the West.
    • The Journey West is a series of illustrated e-books for Kindle and Nook that retell Journey to the West with rhyming verses vaguely reminiscent of Dr. Seuss. Book One: The Monkey King was published in 2011.
    • The Monkey King is a story-inspired manga of dark sword and sorcery.
    • XIN is an American comic miniseries created by
    • The piece in Love Hina Episode 16 is also based on Journey to the West.
    • Episode 31 of Yo-Kai Watch kidnapped the characters from a yokai and forced them to play the events of Journey of the West.
    • Monkey King, an animated series created by China Central Television (CCTV) in 2009. It won the Golden Panda Award at the 10th Sichuan TV Festival in China.
    • Monkey Khan from Sonic the Hedgehog (Archie Comics) comics is loosely based on Sun Wukong.

    music

    • Between 2005 and 2007 the American composer created a four-part electroacoustic composition cycle named after the deeds of Sun Wukong.
    • The 2008 album Journey to the West is the soundtrack to the musical stage play Monkey: Journey to the West. It was composed by the English musician Damon Albarn with the UK Chinese Ensemble. The soundtrack itself is based only on the musical, not a direct recording.

    Dance

    • Shen Yun Performing Arts has shown several vignettes of Journey to the West in its internationally produced dance productions. These include "The Monkey King Triumphs" and "Monkey King Captures Pigsy".
    • In 2001 Pilobolus staged a dance theater work entitled "Monkey and the White Bone Demon". The piece was created by choreographer Alison Chase, one of the founders of Pilobolus based on a children's book adaptation of a story from the Journey to the West and featured the dancer Matt Kent performing on stilts (as a demon). The piece, which toured internationally and received critical acclaim, is also the subject of a 30-minute "making of" documentary. Alison Chase has since revived Monkey and the White Bone Demon with her subsequent dance company, Alison Chase Performance.

    Books based on the novel

    • Xiyoubu refer (西遊 補; A supplement to Journey to the West), are a Ming Dynasty addendum to Journey to the West, written by Dong Yue in 1640. The novel describes events that occurred between chapters 61 and 62 of the journey took place in the west.
    • The Monkey King is the 1978 debut novel by the British writer Timothy Mo, whose protagonist reflects the personality of Sun Wukong, the Monkey King.
    • Tripmaster Monkey is a 1989 novel by Sino-American writer Maxine Hong Kingston, with widespread references to the journey to the West.
    • Gene Luen Yang's graphic novel American Born Chinese uses the legend of the Monkey King as the main metaphor throughout the book. He uses the Monkey King's quest to become like a god, to compare the feelings of the main character, a Chinese immigrant who has difficulty fitting into American society.
    • In the children's novel Michael and the Monkey King by Alan James Brown, the mythical journey of the Monkey King to the West becomes a modern task of saving the life of a boy's parents.
    • The Monkey King's Daughter is a series of books by Todd DeBonis for young readers. about the adventures of Meilin Cheng, a 14-year-old Asian-American girl who learns that she is the daughter of Sun Wukong.
    • is. The Dark Heavens, Journey to Wudang and Celestial Battle series are fantasy novels by Kylie Chan, in which Sun Wukong is a common character.
    • In Kim Stanley Robinson's novel The Years of Rice and Salt, the first chapter (entitled "Awake to Emptiness") is presented in the style of the Journey to the West. The protagonist of this chapter, a Mongolian warrior named Bold, is an incarnation of the monkey.
    • Mark Salzman's second book The Laughing Sutra (1991) presents the journey to the West in the context of Chinese history in the late 20th century. A young man, Hsun-ching, sets out to retrieve a lost sutra and wins a strange-looking companion, the "Colonel," who claims an extremely long life and carries a metal staff. Tales of the Monkey King and Chinese heroes are referenced throughout.
    • Pu Songling writes about Sun Wukong in "The Great Sage, Heaven Is Alike", collected in Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio.
    • "The Epic Crush by Genie Lo" by FC Ja, an adult book for young people.

    Video games

    • SonSon, a 1984 arcade game from Capcom.
    • Ganso Saiyūki: Super Monkey Daibōken is a 1986 NES RPG based on Journey to the West and made famous by GameCenter CX
    • Cloud Master, published in 1988 by Taito for Arcade, NES, and Master System.
    • China Gate is a 1988 arcade game developed by Technos Japan Corp. . It was based on the original story and characters. The Japanese version is entitled Saiyu Gōma Roku (西遊 降魔 録, "Conquering the devil's voyages to the West").
    • Saiyūki World, a 1988 Japan exclusive NES game by Jaleco. This was followed by a sequel from 1990, Saiyūki World 2: Tenjōkai no Majin, which in 1991 as Whomp 'Em.
    • Yūyūki was adapted and published, a text-based adventure video game for the Famicom from 1989 Disk System and developed by Nintendo.
    • In Lunar: Eternal Blue (1994), according to screenwriter Kei Shigema, the concept of an oppressive god came from the image of Sun Wukong not being able to escape the gigantic palm of the Buddha. Shigema stated, "It was a picture that shows the arrogance of a god who says, 'In the end, you are pathetic people in my hands.' The moment I got that I thought, 'Oh, I definitely want to do this,' it will definitely be a perfect match. So we just used it like that. "
    • Journey to the West () Chinese: 西天 取经; Pinyin: Xītiān Qǔjīng; lit .: 'Western Heaven') is an unlicensed Famicom platform game, produced by Taiwanese developer Chengdu Tai Jing Da Dong and published in 1994 by TXC Corporation. In 1996, Waixing Technology produced and published its sequel Journey to the West II (Chinese: 西天 取经 II; Pinyin: Xītiān Qǔjīng II; lit .: 'Western Heaven II').
    • The The Boss of the Yellow Desert Zone in Sonic Blast (1996) refers to Sun Wukong.
    • Legend of Wukong (1996) is based on Journey to the West.
    • Monkey Magic is a 1999 video game for the PlayStation that is based on the anime series of the same name.
    • based. Saiyuki: Journey West is a 1999 tactical RPG for the PlayStation. It was made by Koei.
    • Ether Saga Odyssey is developed and is an MMORPG based on Journey to the West. Developed by Beijing Perfect World.
    • Enslaved: Odyssey to the West is a multi-platform game developed by Ninja Theory based on a futuristic version of the novel.
    • League of Legends, Heroes of Newerth, Dota 2, Paragon, and Smite all have a playable character based on the Monkey King.
    • Dota 2 also has an item called the Monkey King Bar, based on Sun Wukong's weapon, Ruyi Jingu Bang.
    • Ori and the Will of Wisp is a 2020 video game for the Xbox One that Opher is based on Sun Wukong
    • Westward Journey Online II, an MMORPG developed by NetEase.
    • Puzzle & Dragons is developed and operated, Sun has Wukong as a useful god.
    • Mega Man: The Wily Wars contains the Genesis Unit, 3 robot masters named Buster Rod.G, Mega Water.S and Hyper Storm.H; They are based on Sun Wukong, Sha Wujing and Zhu Bajie. The last letters in the name of each robot master refer to the Japanese name of the corresponding characters (G for "Gokū", S for "Sa Gojō and H for" Hakkai ").
    • West Adventure is a beat from 1994. Developed by Panda Entertainment for the MS-DOS platform, the game is based on the original story and characters from Journey to the West.
    • Monster Strike has Sun Wukong as a usable character.
    • Shin Megami Tensei IV has Sun Wukong as a usable demon.
    • Persona 5 has Sun Wukong as Ryuji Sakamoto's trickster person named Seiten Taisei.
    • Summoner's War has a monster named Monkey King, the fire version becomes Wukong when waking up.
    • RaiRaiGoku is a Pachislo slot machine with a Journey to the West theme.
    • Warriors Orochi games feature Sun Wukong as a character. Warriors Orochi 3 specifically includes both the Monkey King and Xuanzang (reinterpreted as a dancer) as playable characters. The post-mission cutscene for the mission in which the player plays unlocks Xuanzang making many references to the novel. Including a conversation between characters Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Ishikawa Goemon, who speculate whose roles from the novel they fill.
    • Warframe has a playable character named Wukong.
    • Project X Zone has two protagonists named Kogoro Tenzai and Mii Koryuji, both based on Sun Wukong and Xuanzang, respectively.
    • Overwatch, in the Overwatch Year of the Rooster seasonal event, characters Winston, Roadhog, Reinhardt, and Zenyatta receive alternative outfits that make them look like Sun Wukong, Zhu Bajie, Sha Wujing, and Xuanzang.
    • The Pokémon franchise contains Infernape (Sun. Wukong) as well as Tepig, Pignite and Emboar (Zhu Bajie).
    • Big Sage, Heaven is Equal (齐天 大圣), a Taiwanese Chinese-language video game for DOS, created by Golden Genius
    • Unruly Heroes by Magic Design Studios for the Xbox One, the PS4, the Nintendo Switch and the PC.
    • Tokyo Afterschool Summoners, in an event quest called Desert Journey, which adapts the entire story of Journey to the West, in which the protagonist is Xuanzang (in the game he is called Sanzang), with the characters Seth, Hanuman and Ganglie representing Sha Wujing, Sun Wukong and Zhu Bajie.
    • Black Myth: Wukong, a Chinese adventure / role-playing video game developed by Game Science that depicts Sun Wukong's story, heroism, and battles.

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