Why should you use the deep web

What is the deep web and the darknet?

Definition of darknet

The Darknet is the hidden collective of Internet sites that are only accessible via a specialized web browser. It is used to keep internet activity anonymous and private, which can be useful for both legal and illegal uses. While some use it to evade state censorship, it is also known for using highly illegal activities.

What are Darknet, Deep Web, and Surface Web?

The Internet is very large with millions of websites, databases and servers, which is in operation 24 hours a day. The so-called "visible" Internet - i.e. pages that can be found using search engines like Google and Yahoo - is just the tip of the iceberg.

There are several terms related to the hidden web, but the differences should be understood if planning to go off the beaten path.

The Surface Web or Open Web

The Open Web or Surface Web is the "visible" surface. If we continue to imagine the entire web like an iceberg, the open web would only be the part that can be seen above the surface of the water. From a statistical point of view, these types of websites and data make up less than 5% of the total Internet.

All publicly accessible websites accessed through traditional browsers such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Firefox make up this share. Websites are usually marked with registry operators such as ".com" and ".org" and can be easily found with common search engines.

Finding Surface web pages is possible because search engines can index the web using visible links (a process known as "crawling" as the search engine crawls across the web like a spider).

The deep web

The deep web rests beneath the surface and makes up about 90% of all websites. In this case, that would be the part of the iceberg below the surface of the water that is much larger than the Surface Web. In fact, this hidden web is so large that it is impossible to determine exactly how many pages or web pages are active at the same time.

Continuing the analogy, one could consider large search engines such as fishing boats, which can only "capture" websites that are close to the surface. Everything else - from scientific papers to private databases to sometimes illegal content - is out of reach. This deep web also includes what we call the the darknet know.

While many news outlets use “deep web” and “darknet” interchangeably, much of the deep web is perfectly legal and secure. Some of the largest parts of the deep web include:

  • Databases: Both public and privately protected collections of files that are not connected to other areas of the Internet and can only be searched in the database itself.
  • Intranets: internal networks for companies, governments and educational institutions that are used for private communication and control aspects within their organizations.

In case you're wondering how to access the deep web, you probably already use it on a daily basis. The term "deep web" refers to all websites that cannot be identified by search engines. Pages on the deep web can hide behind passwords or other security measures, or simply tell search engines not to crawl them. Without visible links, these pages tend to be hidden for various reasons.

In the big deep web, hidden content is generally more neat and secure. Everything from blog posts under review to upcoming website redesigns to the pages you access when doing online banking is part of the deep web. In addition, they do not pose a threat to your computer or security in general. Most of these sites are hidden from the Open Web to protect user information and privacy, such as:

  • Financial accounts such as bank and retirement accounts
  • Email and social messaging accounts
  • Databases of private companies
  • Sensitive HIPAA information such as medical documentation
  • Legal files

If you venture further into the deep web, you bring out a little more danger. For some users, parts of the deep web offer the opportunity to bypass local restrictions and access TV streaming services that may not be available in their region. Others go a little deeper to download pirated music or movies that have not yet been released in theaters.

At the dark end of the internet, you'll find the more dangerous content and activities. At the far end of the deep web are the websites that are considered "Darknet" and can only be accessed with an anonymous browser.