What can be found in satellites
Align the satellite dish: This is how you set the Astra, Hotbird and Eutelsat
Regardless of whether you want to receive programs from Astra 19.2, Hotbird or Eutelsat, your satellite system must point to the corresponding satellite. But how do you find the satellite you want in the sky? We'll show you.
- Finding a satellite: Dishpointer helps
- Azimuth and elevation
- Set the LNB
- The alternative: Live TV via the Internet
A great advantage of SAT systems is the variety of programs they offer. Depending on the satellite on which the dish is aimed, you will not only receive German programs, but also foreign TV and radio stations. But how do you set up your SAT system for Astra, Hotbird, Eutelsat and Co.? If you have a lot of time, you can of course apply the principle "Try it makes smart" and diligently turn the bowl.
It is better to orientate yourself roughly to the orientation of the satellite dish in the neighborhood. Of course, this does not help if you want to target a certain satellite, because the dishes in the neighborhood should usually be aimed at Astra 19.2 East, after all, you will receive the majority of German programs via this satellite.
Finding a satellite: Dishpointer helps
The Dishpointer.com website will lead you to your destination faster. Enter your address here and select which satellite you want to target. On a Google Maps map, Dishpointer now shows you with a line in which direction you have to turn your satellite dish in order to receive the desired satellite.
As a rule of thumb, you can remember here: An obstacle may only be half as high as it is from your bowl. So a five-meter-high tree ten meters away doesn't bother me. If, on the other hand, the tree is five meters away but ten meters high, you should better look for a different position for the SAT system.
If you activate the option "show obstacle" on the map, the website also tells you what height (h) and what distance (d) an obstacle may have between your system and the satellite so that it does not affect reception. The distance is measured from the lower edge of the bowl.
It's even easier with the "DishPointer AR" app. With it you can travel the sky and see on the smartphone screen exactly where the satellites are, how you have to align the dish and whether you have a clear view. The augmented reality app for iOS and Android is anything but cheap. DishPointer AR costs between 15 and 20 euros. Unfortunately, the website and the app are only available in English.
The apps "Eutelsat Satellite Finder" and "Astra Satellite Finder" are free alternatives to Dishpointer AR. Both applications are available for both Android and iOS. However, you can only find the satellites of the respective operator with this. The Astra app is only available in French, while the Eutelsat app contains at least a moderate German translation.
Regardless of whether you use Dishpointer.com or one of the apps mentioned, make a note of the displayed values for azimuth, elevation and polarization. You will need them below.
Azimuth and elevation
Once you have found the satellite, it is now a matter of aligning the satellite system with it. Two values play a role here: the azimuth and the evelation angle. The horizontal alignment of the bowl is hidden behind the azimuth angle. This depends on the longitude of your location.
Adjusts the azimuth by turning the bowl to the left or right. You should proceed in millimeter steps and check the alignment with a compass or the apps mentioned. Evelation means the angle of inclination of the bowl. It is set by tilting or aligning the bowl.
If your receiver does not offer a corresponding menu, you can also call up a previously programmed program and use it to evaluate the signal quality.
After the rough alignment of the bowl, it is time to fine-tune it. For this, it is recommended to set up a TV set within sight or to place someone in front of the television. Now connect your SAT receiver to the LNB and select a menu in the receiver that shows you the strength and quality of the satellite signal. Now carefully change the evelation and azimuth until you have the best signal.
Set the LNB
In order to guarantee the best possible reception quality, you now have to align the LNB correctly. Carefully turn the signal converter to the left or right and check how this affects the reception. The polarization value helps when setting the LNB. This is an indication of how many degrees and in which direction the LNB must be rotated for the best possible reception quality.
In the basic setting, the polarization is 0 degrees. The LNB stands vertically in the holder. With positive values you have to turn the LNB to the right when you stand in front of the mirror, with negative values to the left. Instead of polarization, the terms LNB tilt or LNB skew are often used. Some LNBs also have plus and minus marks to make it easier to set the polarization.
The alternative: Live TV via the Internet
Despite great efforts, you will not be able to receive every satellite well with your dish. After all, you are not free to choose the location when setting up the bowl, for example due to the landlord's regulations. In this case, we recommend that you receive foreign television via live TV providers. The waipu.tv and Zattoo services, for example, offer packages for a large number of Turkish channels.
Are you still having problems with receiving satellite television despite these instructions? Our article "Solving common SAT reception problems: If the television stays dark" lists solutions for common mistakes when setting up a SAT system.
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