What are the characteristics of mixed farming
Mixed farming: features, classification and benefits
Mixed farming is a type of farming that includes both crops and livestock. This is not to be confused with mixed culture, it simply implies a number of different cultures. It can be found all over Europe - from Ireland in the west to Central Europe to Russia.
It is also found in North America, east of the 98 ° median, in the pampas of Argentina, southeast Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand (Fig. 5.12). Mixed agriculture is essentially associated with the densely populated, urbanized, and industrialized societies that rely on high incomes for the sale of their products and on the manufacturing industry for their inputs.
Mixed farming produces relatively high agricultural yields due to efficient farming methods, excellent transport systems, and proximity to urban markets and rainfall regeneration. The cool, humid summers and comparatively mild, humid winters favor the growth of hay crops and grasses in many undulating areas and low, flat landscapes. The pastures are fresh all year round and large flocks of sheep and cattle graze.
The main characteristics of mixed farming are that farms produce both grain and livestock and the two businesses are interwoven and integrated. The grass is an important cultivar that makes up at least 20 percent of the cultivated area. In the maritime regions (Wales), grasses take up up to 75 percent of the cultivated area. The grass is treated just as carefully as grain or grain.
The fertilizer application per hectare of arable land in mixed farming in northwestern Europe is higher than in other parts of the world except Japan. In addition, many farms, particularly in the UK and the Netherlands, buy grain and focus on feeding their animals. A number of crops are also grown in mixed farming. Grain dominates cultivated land use, with the leading grain varying depending on the climate and soil.
In Europe, wheat dominates the land use pattern, and in the United States, maize (maize) dominates. A large part of the grain is fed to animals on farms or sold to animal feed manufacturers. In Denmark nine tenths of the grain is fed to cattle and in Sweden three quarters of all crops are consumed.
In Europe, roots, beets, potatoes and sugar beets are grown as the second main crop category. Potatoes are grown in most of Europe's mixed agricultural areas as a vegetable for feeding pigs and cattle, while in Germany potatoes are sold to distilleries. Sugar beets are usually sold to sugar factories.
Mixed farms are characterized by high spending on machinery and farm buildings, intensive use of fertilizers and fertilizers, and the skills and know-how of fishermen who need to know all aspects of agriculture in order to successfully grow and market their range of products.
In mixed farming, the average farm size varies between 10 and 15 acres in England and between 40 and 100 acres in the US and Canada. These farms are mostly run and operated by family workers, and wage labor by farm workers is rather uncommon. In addition, farming is common practice for the tenants.
Mixed farming has a threefold advantage. First, it protects the farmer from the risk of bad prices and diseases. Second, the need for work is distributed more evenly over the year. Third, it helps maintain soil fertility when crops grow in rotation. Instead of growing the same crop in the same field, a succession of different crops is grown, reducing the risk of plant diseases.
In mixed farming, the cattle are fed in different ways. The harvest produced on the farm is generally fed to cattle and pigs. In winter, forage crops, hay, solid feed and concentrates are fed to the cattle. Farm animals feed on crops and graze on pasture.
In return, their fertilizer helps to maintain the fertility of the land. This agricultural system makes wise use of the available labor as the livestock require the daily attention of the farmer and family chores. However, rising labor costs have made it increasingly difficult to keep a wide variety of livestock and grow a wide variety of crops.
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