What day is Valentine's Day 2019

Valentine's Day - February 14th

This holiday has a long tradition in England and North America. After the Second World War, the influences of this day of lovers spread to Central Europe as well. The day of love is also a day of friendship, on which, especially in England and North America, friends are given a surprise in the form of flowers and small gifts. In the meantime, the gift industry has recognized the potential and promotes a superficial level of awareness. According to the myth, the custom goes back to Bishop Valentin, who had his sphere of activity in the Italian city of Terni in the 3rd century. Under Emperor Claudius II Gothicus he is said to have been martyred in 268 because of his Christian faith. However, the martyr legend mixes with that of a Bishop Valentin living in Raetia in the 5th century, whose bones were taken from the Bavarian Duke Tassilo III. were transferred to Passau around the year 764.
Among other things, Valentin is considered the patron saint of travelers, beekeepers, young people and, above all, the guarantor of a good marriage. Valentine's Day was therefore also called Vielliebchentag, because the young girls used to believe which boy they saw first in front of their house on that day, he would marry. The Christian myth may have been connected here with the pagan-Roman custom. The custom of giving flowers as gifts on Valentine's Day suggests the birthday of the Roman goddess Juno (as the equivalent of the Greek goddess Hera, the mother of gods) on February 14th, who in mythology takes her place as the goddess of birth and marriage her husband Jupiter (Zeus) led the heaven of gods (Olymp). Flower offerings were made to her that day. Here ancient myths mix with early medieval legend. The legend of the monk Valentin, who gave flowers to lovers passing over the monastery wall, continues to inspire the world of thought to this day.

So to this day, Valentine's Day has remained a celebration of lovers and friendship. History became legend, legend became myth ...

As a Valentine's Day gift, the selection of flowers is subject to a traditional definition of meaning, which is why some examples are shown here:

Tulip:
Even if your figure is beautiful,
you have no power over my heart.

Daffodil:
Why, my love, are you tormenting me
so cruel and terrible?

Lilac:
My dear heart, I ask you
Do you also love me faithfully and honestly?

Fire lily:
I adore you, you did it to me.

While the young girls have been celebrating prophetic games on this day of youth and love since the Middle Ages (girls wrote the names of their admirers on small pieces of paper as an example, covered them with clay and sunk them in the water Surface came, which revealed the name of the future groom.), The children got up early and called someone before sunrise "Good morning ValentineIf the person greeted in this way could not anticipate the early morning greeting, an exchange gift for the greeting child was certain.
The actual carnival season begins with Valentine's Day. In the Middle Ages, large feasts were held on this day. Feasts of guilds, guilds and brotherhoods were scheduled and organized here. Carnival societies opened balls, artist and juggler festivals and mask festivals let the time of the carnival begin.


literature
Angelika Feilhauer: Celebrating festivals in Germany. A guide to old and new folk festivals and customs, Zurich 2000, p. 34f
Sybil Countess Schönfeldt: The great Ravensburger book of festivals and customs. Through the year and the résumé, Ravensburg 1987, p. 48f