What is fumigation treatment
An overview of ISPM-15
What is ISPM-15?
ISPM-15 (International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15) refers to the requirements for wooden packaging that cross international borders. It is an international phytosanitary measure carried out by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). ISPM-15 addresses the international shipping of solid wood materials that are thicker than 6 mm. It can be met through approved heat treatment and fumigation treatment.
The main purpose of ISPM-15 is to prevent the spread of insects and diseases that can negatively affect plants and ecosystems through international transport. It includes ships, planes, vehicles, containers, storage areas, soil, and other materials and objects that can spread and harbor pests. The IPPC-ISPM-15 standard is based on the recommendations of many member states that have determined the origin of harmful pests during the transport of non-fumigated or non-heat-treated solid wood packaging.
Understanding the handling requirements for solid wood packaging such as wooden pallets and packaging, including recycled or reconditioned units, can help you avoid the inconvenience and expense of quarantine at international ports of entry.
The basis of the problem is that pests can be stored in untreated, solid wood, and if they are shipped internationally they can devastate ecosystems in other parts of the world.
The ISPM-15 is a control system designed to reduce the threat of non-native pests that move internationally.
Which materials should the ISPM-15 standard be maintained and which should be exempted from it?
ISPM-15 standard rules apply to both wood and wood packaging materials such as dunnage, boxes, rolls, collars and pallets, but also alternative materials such as plastic, paper, metal and even wood panel products (wood-based materials) such as plywood, hardboard, OSB are from the maintenance of the ISPM-15 standards excluded.
But remember that shipping or transporting wood or wood products within a country is exempt from this requirement. Here, too, the ISPM-15 standard only applies to countries that adhere to the IPPC guidelines.
How is the ISPM-15 standard maintained?
According to the ISPM-15 standard, all non-finished wood and wood packaging materials (WPM) for export, such as wooden pallets, dunnage and boxes, must be treated. In the heat treatment process, WPM needs to be heated to a temperature of 56 ° C or more for 30 minutes. This is considered to be the most effective and environmentally friendly way to destroy harmful pests from wood. While fumigation is being phased out as a treatment option, others, such as dielectric or microwave heating, are being considered as possible solutions. However, heat treatment is the standard practice of the solid wood packaging industry from this era.
After fumigation or heat treatment, WPM is provided with the internationally recognized IPPC mark or branded. The treatment method used and the country of origin of WPM are also indicated in the brand. This article provides an example of an IPPC trademark used in Canada.
What about ISPM-15 in Canada and USA?
Both Canada and the US are members of IPPC and have adopted ISPM-15 regulations to meet international obligations.
For this reason, international shipments or other transports must be handled by WPM and marked with the IPPC symbol. However, pallets, boxes or other WPM that are being moved between Canada and the USA are exempt from ISPM-15 requirements, while ISPM-15 rules apply in the case of transporting these materials from Canada or the USA to other countries .
North American companies are concerned that the ISPM-15 standard is likely to come into effect at some point for Canadian-American pallet movements across borders. While the exemption was expected to be lifted in 2016 or 2017, the timing for the adoption of ISPM-15 between Canada and the US is still uncertain at this point.
From an environmental point of view, a wider application of ISPM-15 requirements to the Canada-US trade corridor will help ensure environmental protection, but the cost of heat treatment or alternative material pallets is slow to be absorbed by the industry.
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