Is Priyanka Gandhi overrated
Mahatma Gandhi - Between racism, caste system and Hindu madness
in this context
As never before in world history has it crashed
The danger of a global warrior culture
Subject areas that have been discussed in this book ("Hitler-Buddha-Krishna") are very topical:
The global rise of right-wing extremism and religious right-wing occultism
The uncritical import of Eastern religious systems and beliefs into the West
The global activation of aggressive warrior myths and teachings as a source of inspiration for religious fundamentalism and for a worldwide Kshatriya culture
We have shown that all three "cultural" issues can come into close connection with one another and lead to an extremely aggressive ideology.
The Rise of Right Religious Occultism Worldwide
Since the 1990s, not only have the “political” movements of right-wing extremism experienced a renaissance around the world, but at the same time the right-wing radical “occult milieu” has been able to build an international subculture under the sign of the “black sun”. The British historian Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke shows in his latest book Black Sun - Aryan Cults, Esoteric Fascism and the Politics of Identity how effective Hitler cults, Aryan mystics, racist "Kshatriya groups" (among skinheads) and Nazi Satanists are and Nazi heavy metal music groups spread throughout Europe as well as North and South America - they were inspired by the Nazi visionaries and their heirs featured in our book. In addition - regardless of this milieu - there is an eminently large audience of readers who are interested in topics of the »Nazi mysteries« and thus contributed to the fact that the relevant literature became a »constant hit«.
Because the "Nazi occult milieu" is "phantasmatic" in terms of its content, its influence on the "realpolitical" side of right-wing extremism can only be indirect. But that doesn't make it any less dangerous: at the beginning of the 20th century, a very similar "phantasm" also provided the intellectual breeding ground for the ideology of historical National Socialism. “Such people,” says Goodrick-Clarke of the ariosophical sect leaders, occultists and enthusiasts, who influenced Nazi greats up to Hitler and Himmler before the seizure of power, “often had the imagination and ability to describe a dream world that underlying the feelings and actions of the more realistic men who were in positions of power and responsibility. Indeed, their absurd ideas and strange cults anticipated the political doctrines and institutions of the Third Reich. "
Conversely, the rise of real-political right-wing extremism in the subcultural milieus of the "Nazi occult", which can be seen worldwide, has an ideologically strongly motivated following, who feel that their "Nazi belief" is confirmed by the obvious successes of the right-wing extremist parties and the unstoppable emergence of one "Fourth Reich" sees.
The phantasmatic mixture of "poetry and truth" in the Nazi occult literature of the post-war period is by no means a weak point in the process of myth-making, but rather the other way round, it only leads to their full development: the mysterious, the mysterious, the terrible, the irrational, the hidden and the religious turn out to be extremely fertile humus for a new "Hitler cult". Nevertheless, the phenomenon "Hitler" can only become a "myth" in the true sense of the word when it is anchored in "transcendence," beyond history, ie. H. when it has acquired an archetypal quality; to address it directly when Hitler is declared the incarnation of a "god" or a "demon" or when he is "deified" as a hero. To somehow bring about the "apotheosis" of the German dictator, that was and is the endeavor of the NS mythmakers, starting with the SS-Ahnenerbe up to "esoteric Hitlerism".
The ideas of Julius Evola and his students play a king role in the development and anchoring of an international, fascist »Kshatriya philosophy«. The Italian fascist strictly rejects the mythization of Hitler, but like no other he emphasizes the power-political and metaphysical significance of a "sacred warrior caste" as a sociopolitical model of the future. His philosophy is largely freed from the "phantasm" of actual Nazi occultism and therefore allows it to serve as the ideological foundation of a much broader, international "New Right". Although Evola himself was an occultist and a ritualist, his building of ideas has a metaphysical clarity and professional stringency anchored in the Eastern religions. It is precisely this level of humanities that allows the "warrior philosophy" of the "most respected fascist guru" (Umberto Eco) to be discussed and endorsed at state universities, in right-wing extremist academies and in high-profile intellectual circles of the New Right.
The uncritical import of Eastern doctrines into the West
For a system like religious fascism, which tries to derive itself dogmatically from "Urarian" roots, the "Hitler myth" had to be logically linked with "Urarian" myths from "ancient times", whatever one understood it to be. For the Nazi visionaries and their heirs, this included the Edda and the Grail myth, the Vishnu / Kalki myth, the Krishna myth and the Shambhala myth. It is above all Indian texts (the Bhagavadgita, the Vishnu Purana and the Shambhala vision of the Kalachakra Tantra) that contain the highly explosive philosophical and visionary material of aggressive, morbid and inhuman patterns of war and destruction and which motivated right-wing extremists accordingly To make it fairly easy for writers to derive the "Hitler myth" from this world of images and ideas.
History shows that old myths can be activated again and again in order to then serve as instruments of power politics. Ultimately, this releases them from specific people or from racist fixations. In terms of the Eastern myths of origin (Vishnu / Kalki / Krishna) applied to him by the Nazi visionaries and their heirs, the "historical" Hitler is only considered to be the "body of appearance" or, as the Kalachakra tantra would express it, as the " Vessel "of a" deity "standing behind it. This is why the warrior myths imported into the West with the Asian religions - regardless of whether they have internal affinities to "religious fascism" in the true sense - are in themselves a cultural problem area. Because they activate images and legitimize social systems of order that are not readily compatible with the humanistic, democratic and liberal ideals of the West. In this context, particular attention should be paid to the Shambhala myth of Kalachakra Tantra:
1. Because this myth of a "Holy Shambhala Empire" and a "Holy Shambhala War" has already spread worldwide;
2. Because in this myth the armed conflict with Islam is at the center and thus a possible cultural war between the Islamic and the Western world is accelerated;
3. Because the warlike Shambhala myth of the Kalachakra Tantra, through the expansive ritual policy of the XIV. Dalai Lama, as an alleged peace activity, abuses the trust of peaceful and ecumenical people; and
4. Because the Shambhala myth enjoys a high level of acceptance in circles of religious fascism.
The global activation of aggressive warrior myths and teachings
The Israeli military historian Martin van Creveld wrote in his book The Future of War in 1991: “The conventions for warfare will obviously change in other ways as religion is regaining its appeal as a ground for armed conflict. Should the high militancy of one religion persist, the others will most likely be forced to follow suit. People will be driven to defend their ideals, their way of life and their very existence, and they will be able to do so under the banner of a great and powerful idea. "
In fact, the world situation has developed rapidly in this direction over the past ten years. It all started with the radicalization of Islamist groups. The idea of jihad (holy war) propagated and implemented by them made the "sacralization of war and the warrior" a highly controversial issue that the entire western intelligentsia and politics had to and must grapple with. The concept of the “warrior of God”, sealed with the blood of the Islamic “martyrs”, set the germ which, according to van Creveld, harbors the danger of a Christian-fundamentalist counter-reaction: “As a result, the present resurgence of Mohammed may occur Entail resurrection of the God of Christians; that will then not be a god of love, but a god of battle, ”said the Israeli military expert.
Just like Buddhism and Hinduism, all three monotheistic religions have their messages of peace and love: "Shalom" - "Pax" - "as-Salam 'alaykum" - "Peace be upon you". However, for some followers of the respective faith it is not always a matter of course whether this greeting also means people of other faiths. All three Abrahamic religions - as well as Buddhism and Hinduism - have their "sword verses" which have allowed the "extremists" among them for centuries and still do, "Kshatriya philosophies", "Kshatriya models" and "Kshatriya Organizations «. Again and again it is the "Holy Texts" and the "Ancient Myths" from which the "Divine Warriors" legitimize their actions:
In the "holy book" of Islam, the Koran, and in the hadiths one can find a considerable number of quotations that unequivocally call for a "holy war" against the unbelievers. Even if Islam started as a peaceful religion, that changed after the Hidjra, the emigration of the Prophet to Medina in AD 622. Mohammed now took him against his enemies, who persecuted him, and humiliated him for years Denied access to the holy city of Mecca, adopted an aggressive stance. The first militant verse from this period can be found in the 22nd sura of the Koran: "Believers were allowed to fight the unbelievers who unjustly persecute them, and Allah is truly powerful enough to assist them," it says. (Sura 22:40) From now on more and more warlike "revelations of Allah" are included in the Koran. These then increase to the martial request to unleash the total war against all infidels in the infamous “sword verse” from the ninth sura: “But when the holy months, in which every fight is forbidden, have passed, then kill the idolaters wherever you may find them; or take them prisoner and lay siege to them and lie in wait for them on all routes. «(Sura 9: 5) The history of Islam is so often shaped by religiously based wars of conquest that one has the impression that religion and war come together in this branch of faith Unity can merge. All over the world there are again numerous Islamist groups for whom the jihad has become the first of all religious duties. Since several of them are attacking the entire West with excessive force, some credible culturologists and journalists have been conducting an open debate about the problematic textual content in Islamic scriptures, at least since the events of September 11, 2001.
Based on certain, concise passages in the New Testament, Christianity should actually be viewed as the most peaceful of all monotheistic religions. The Sermon on the Mount and the invitation "Love your neighbor as yourself!" Contain remarkable humanistic values. But unfortunately the “holy books” of Christians also contain that fateful “sword saying” which was used as a “Kshatriya philosophy” by orders of knights, brutal crusaders, conquistadors, inquisitors, Catholics and Protestants alike: “Don't think I have come, Bring peace to earth. I did not come to bring peace, but the sword, ”Christ proclaimed to his followers. The Revelation of John, in whose name numerous religious wars in the West up to the recent Balkan massacres were waged, had catastrophic consequences in the history of Christianity. The apocalyptic scenario of the "struggle of good against evil", of the violent "fall of the old depraved world", of the "annihilation of those of different faiths" and the subsequent resurrection in a "millennial kingdom" demanded hecatombs of the dead in the "name of God". The fateful “sword verse” can also be read in the Revelation of John: “A sharp sword came out of his mouth; with him he will beat the peoples, ”it says of the rider on the white horse, whose name is the Word of God. "And he rules over them with an iron scepter, and he treads the press of wine, the avenging wrath of God, the ruler over all creation."
When the American President George W. Bush, who is deeply oriented towards Christian values, declares his current anti-terrorism policy to be a "war of the good against the axis of evil," then he gets verbally into dangerous apocalyptic waters, especially through the use of the word "crusade". Nevertheless, of the three monotheistic religions, Christianity is most visibly ready today to deal with criticism and to open up a public debate about its religious content and its history. In this sense, Pope John Paul II's apologies for forms of Catholic fanaticism in the past are, in human and theological terms, a remarkable and dignified act, despite all the reservations one may have about this prince of the church.
Jewish fundamentalism also refers to a "holy book", the Old Testament. Indeed, Yahweh is not a benevolent God. "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is the world's most famous vengeance from the book Exodus (Exodus 21:24), which today has a major influence on Israeli Middle East policy under Ariel Sharon. In the book of Joshua it is written how Yahweh sends his "sword messengers." When Joshua was near Jericho, "he suddenly saw a man standing before him with a drawn sword." When asked who he was, the stranger replied: "I am the leader of the Lord's army" (Joshua 5: 14) It is true that the walls of Jericho are not brought down by force of arms, but by loud "war cries" and with the help of the Ark of the Covenant. But then a repulsive slaughter begins: "With a sharp sword they [the Israelites] consecrated everything that was in the city, men and women, children and old men, cattle, sheep and donkeys" (Joshua 6: 21) Also in the ensuing conquest of the city of Ai, Joshua "did not lower his hand with the sickle sword until he had destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai" - "There were a total of twelve thousand fallen that day, men and women, all the inhabitants of Ai." (Joshua 8: 26/25) Zealots, Maccabees, converts - the war scenarios of rival religious groups, "warriors of God" and suicide martyrs (Massada) known from other religions can also be found in the history of Israel. "Ever since kings David and Solomon, the history of the Israelites has been bursting with war, murder and manslaughter," we read at the end of 2001 in an editorial in the news magazine Der Spiegel entitled "The religious madness - The return of the Middle Ages".
The terror of Jewish fundamentalists reached its preliminary climax with the murder of Yitzchak Rabin by the fanatic Jigal Amin, who pretended to act in the name of Yahweh as executioner of the ex-general who was ready for a peace dialogue. Militant groups such as Gush Emunim ("Block of the Faithful") and Machteret ("Underground") orient themselves on a warrior philosophy derived from the Old Testament "with rifle and Torah in hand".The goal of these Israeli fundamentalists is to recapture the entire "Holy Land", the restoration of the old Jewish temple on Mount Moira in Jerusalem and (in some groups) the establishment of a theocratic Greater Israel (Erez Israel) - possibly from the Mediterranean to the Euphrates and Tigris. This process of conquest is supposed to trigger the "coming of the Messiah". It is a fact that such religious fundamentalist ideas have already gained influence in the country's "realpolitik". In view of the horrific extermination strategies of the Nazis against the entire Jewish people, a public and frank debate about the problematic religious content of Judaism in this country is regrettably but understandably met with the greatest reluctance.
Fundamentalists from all three monotheistic religions invoke the "vengeance of God" and dream of a state in which their respective god has absolute say. This is widely known. On the other hand, in the case of Eastern teachings, especially Buddhism, the "liberal" West has given itself the illusion that this is the most peaceful and humane of all world religions. Even atheists and agnostics today - devoid of any knowledge of history - use the Buddha-doctrine as a "gentle religion" as opposed to the "aggressive" monotheistic beliefs. Thus, Buddhism can fully develop in the shadow of the three Abrahamic Confessions, which - at least from the point of view of the fundamentalists and some secular culturalologists such as Samuel P. Huntington - are involved in mutual wars. Largely unmolested, it offers itself worldwide as the better alternative with the "peace flag" held high.
But Buddhism was and is by no means just a "gentle religion". Der Spiegel, which euphorically acknowledged "two and a half thousand years of peacefulness" in 1998, has now changed its mind. Far more cautiously, after the events of September 11, 2001 and in view of the Kashmir conflict, the political magazine says: »Such a [religious] madness, which usually rages on in violence against those who think differently, is rampant even in“ soft ”religions like Hinduism and Buddhism. "
Even if Buddhism hardly appeared as a "warrior religion" after the Second World War (in contrast to Hinduism), together with the Bhagavad Gita it contains the clearest, most consistent and "coolest" ideological and practical doctrines for a postmodern "Kshatriya- Philosophy". The "warrior ideologies" derived from the monotheistic religions are all "emotional" and aim at a militant "heroization of the soul". On the other hand, a martial style of existence can be derived from Buddhism, which can be combined particularly well with the "emotionless" world of fascism. Equally threatening is its possible synthesis and elective affinity with the "soulless" universe of high-tech systems and intelligence machines. The Buddhist dissolution of the ego, the denial of a soul, the absolute control of feelings, the cynical consequences of the karma doctrine, the path of enlightenment beyond good and evil, ideas of absolute power and superhumanism (Maha Siddha) from tantric Buddhism and magical as well Lamaism's worldview - all of this could provide attractive dogmas for a worldwide »Kshatriya culture«. A whole package of sacred techniques could be derived from certain teaching contents of the Eastern religions, which could transform an initially ordinary soldier into a "sacred killing machine". That is also the real reason why the SS-Ahnenerbe, the "SS-mysticism" and Julius Evola tried to lean so closely to Buddhist ideas.
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