Are Eugenia berries poisonous
5 exotic fruits that hardly anyone knows
Jabuticaba, cherimoya, aguaje or chayote - you have never heard of some exotic fruits and you neither know their appearance nor their taste. The fact that you won't find the fruits in our supermarkets is mainly due to their rarity and the long transport routes. Most of the time, tropical fruits are shipped in an unripe state and treated with fungicides in order to survive the transport and reach us ripe. We present five exotic fruits that you can hardly see in our region.
The Jabuticaba tree (Myriciaria cauliflora) is an impressive looking fruit tree, the trunk and branches of which are covered with berries at the time of fruit ripening. The tree is native to southeastern Brazil, but also to other countries in South America. The fruits are cultivated there, but also in Australia. The fruit trees bear fruit from the age of eight and can reach heights of up to twelve meters.
Jabuticaba fruits are very popular in Brazil. The round to oval, about four centimeters large fruits are purple to black-red in color. The berries with smooth and shiny skin are also called Jaboticaba, Guaperu or Sabará. They taste sweet and sour and the aroma is reminiscent of grapes, guava or passion fruit. The pulp is soft and glassy and contains up to five hard and light brown seeds. The fruits are eaten fresh from the hand when ripe, by crushing the berries between the fingers until the skin rips open and only the pulp "drinks". Jabuticabas can also be used to make jellies, jams and juice. Jabuticaba wine is also popular in Latin America. In addition to vitamins, the exotic fruits contain iron and phosphorus. They are said to have anti-inflammatory effects and are also used as anti-aging agents.
The cherimoya tree (Annona cherimola) is native to the Andean region from Colombia to Bolivia and is also grown in other tropical and subtropical areas. Cherimoyas, also called creamed apples, are branched trees or bushes three to ten meters high. The plant will bear fruit after four to six years.
The fruits are round to heart-shaped collective berries that are between ten and 20 centimeters in diameter. They can weigh up to 300 grams. The skin is leathery, scale-like and blue-green. As soon as the skin gives way to pressure, the fruits are ripe and can be eaten. To do this, the cherimoya fruit is halved and the pulp is spooned out of the skin. The pulp is pulpy and has an aromatic sweet and sour taste. Cherimoyas are eaten raw as well as processed into ice cream, jelly and puree. In many South American countries, the ground poisonous seeds are used as an insecticide.
The aguaje, also known under the name moriche or buriti, grows on the moriche palm (Mauricia flexuosa), which is native to the Amazon basin and northern South America. It is also cultivated in other tropical areas in South America. The fruit is a stone fruit that is five to seven centimeters tall and has three to five hard sepals. The shell of the Aguaje consists of overlapping, yellow-brown to red-brown scales. The pulp of stone fruits is nutritious and contains many vitamins. It is yellowish and tough to fleshy in consistency. The taste is sweet and sour. The pulp can be eaten raw or blanched for a short time. The juice is also used to make wine. The oil-containing meat is also used dried or ground to prepare and refine dishes. In addition, the aguaje oil pressed from the fruit is used as a cosmetic product.
The rose apple (Eugenia javanica), also known as the rose wax apple, comes from Malaysia, but is also cultivated in other subtropical areas. The fruits grow on an evergreen shrub or tree. Rose apples, neither related to roses nor to apples, are round to egg-shaped, green-yellow berries with a diameter of four to five centimeters. Their skin is thin, smooth and has a green sheen. The taste of the thick and firm, yellow pulp is reminiscent of pears or apples and smells slightly of rose petals. Inside there is either one round or two semicircular, poisonous seeds. The fruit is eaten unpeeled, straight from the hand, but also prepared as a dessert or puree. Rose apples are considered to lower cholesterol.
The poplar plum (Myrica rubra) is a purple to dark red fruit that is about one centimeter in diameter. Poplar plums grow on an evergreen deciduous tree that can reach heights of up to 15 meters. The poplar plum is native to China and East Asia, where it is also cultivated. The spherical drupes are one to two centimeters in diameter and have a nodular surface. The fruits are eaten out of hand and have a sweet to bitter taste. The fruits can also be processed into syrup, juice and puree. Poplar plums are high in vitamins, antioxidants, and carotene. In addition to the fruit, the seeds and leaves are also used for healing purposes in traditional Chinese medicine.
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