How can you do less laundry?

: 10 tips: what we do wrong when washing laundry - and how to do it right

Cologne - We all wash at least twice a week, but 87 percent of Germans are always at a loss: How does washing really work? Everyone has a different answer to the questions of how much fabric softener we actually need, how long the laundry can lie in the drum and where the second sock is actually.

Helping's cleaning expert Roxanna Pelka ran her own laundry and explains the 10 biggest myths when it comes to handling laundry:

Wet laundry must not be left in the drum

This is wrong. The following situation: The appointment is already waiting - but the wet laundry is still in the drum? Roxanna Pelka's tip is: keep calm! The expert advises: “Your fresh load of laundry can stay in the drum for several hours with the door open - even overnight. Only after more than 24 hours could the clothes start to smell musty and, in the worst case, even go moldy! "

Washing clothes is only worthwhile when the drum is full

That is also wrong. Because the fuller the doller. If you pack the washing drum too full, you run the risk of the laundry not being properly cleaned. In the event of overload, the water does not have enough space to rinse clothing sufficiently. The detergent gets stuck in the fibers, the result: detergent stains appear on your favorite jeans and the clothes smell unpleasant. Roxanna Pelka's tip: "Load the drum so full that you can easily touch the back wall with your hand."

Without lime tabs, the washing machine breaks faster

That is also not correct. One thing is clear: where water flows, there is also lime - the point goes to the well-known TV advertisement for lime tabs. But there is a natural descaler - namely vinegar. Roxanna Pelka advises putting 20 ml of vinegar directly into the washing drum and allowing the machine to run at 60 degrees. It is important: the machine should not then run idle. Because then it could break. The expert: “Just put in a few towels that you wanted to wash anyway. The vinegar smell disappears immediately after washing. "

30-degree washing can also handle the 40-degree program

That is a mistake. Anyone who thinks it wouldn't be so bad if you quickly chased 30 degrees laundry through the 40 degree short program, they thought wrong: But despite the apparently minimal difference, fabrics such as wool or silk can tolerate a maximum of 30 degrees warm water. T-shirts, jeans and dresses, on the other hand, are made from a mix of materials that does not shrink at 40 degrees. The expert's tip: "It is better to take a look at the laundry label before washing to avoid unpleasant surprises."

Whether jeans, bra or towel - one detergent is sufficient

That is not right. Every third person is not always satisfied with the washing result. The wrong detergent may be to blame for this. A heavy-duty detergent is ideal for white blouses, towels and bed linen because: The bleach it contains brightens the laundry. The remedy is therefore an absolute no-go for dark jeans. Use a mild detergent or colored detergent for colored laundry. These agents do not fade, retain their color longer and are also gentler on the fibers.

Only environmentally harmful fabric softeners can make laundry soft

This is wrong. If you care about the environment, you should stay away from fabric softener. Because: These often contain environmentally harmful ingredients that cannot be broken down naturally and get into the groundwater. But in return you don't have to put up with scratchy towels. The environmentally friendly alternative is: vinegar. The expert's tip: “Put about 20 ml in the fabric softener compartment for the wash cycle - your laundry is cozy again. Don't worry, the vinegar smell will vanish in no time during the drying process. "

The washing machine cleans itself after all

That is also not true. The average German uses the washing machine twice a week. Even in this short period of time, detergent residues and constant moisture create a real germ biotope. Expert Roxanna Pelka on this: “Do not only wash in the 30 degree program. Organize your laundry so that you wash your towels at 60 degrees at least once a month. Only the hot water in the pipes kills bacteria - instead of breeding them. "

The washing machine makes socks disappear forever

Contrary to popular conspiracy theories, this can be refuted. Still a happy couple in the washing machine, already single while drying: where has the second sock gone? The answer: she ekes out her ungrateful existence in the depths of your washing machine. Expert Pelka explains: “Most of the time, socks hang behind the fluff filter or get caught in the rubber coatings, from where you can free them again with one movement. However, it can happen that socks actually find their way inside the machine. A reunion is then unfortunately impossible. "

Bacteria only die completely with the 90 degree program

This is wrong. Even if your mother swore by the hot laundry - hot laundry only makes sense if you want to completely defeat a gastrointestinal virus or other contagious diseases. On the other hand, if you are healthy and want household germs on your collar, 60 degrees are completely sufficient - this is more environmentally friendly and also more economical. If you want to be on the safe side, put a cap of disinfecting hygiene rinse in the fabric softener compartment. You can buy it in every drugstore.

Washing too often will break the bra

Yes and no. Paradoxical and at the same time a science in itself: Washing too often damages the material of the brassiere, this also applies to washing too infrequently. Expert Roxanna Pelka recommends washing it after wearing it three times, because: The acidity of sweat can destroy the elasticity of the fabric. Note that every bra has an almost destructive effect on other items of clothing: the hooks create small holes in clothing. Use a laundry net with every wash. (red)