Why do people develop ugly yellow teeth

From ugly teeth to the perfect smile in 10 steps

Author: Dr. med. dent. Balázs Szendrei
Last Updated on February 21st, 2021,

What can your teeth do ugly do?

“Ugly teeth”, “unsightly teeth” and “aesthetic teeth” are inherently subjective concepts that depend on a number of factors, such as: B. ethnicity, culture and social environment. In general, however, an unsightly tooth is usually synonymous with an unhealthy tooth.

Patients often visit our practice because of their "unsightly teeth". There can be a number of problems with it.

An ugly tooth can mean that the tooth is discolored and therefore darker than before. Most often this is caused by tartar buildup on teeth and various foods and drinks.

Teeth that differ in size and shape from other teeth are also considered ugly.

In tooth decay, the teeth first develop an opaque, whitish discoloration and then a dark cavity, which also causes aesthetic problems.

Patients often experience worn, lower teeth that have turned ugly or unsightly over the years or due to parafunction.

We often have an “unsightly dental problem” in cases in which the teeth are not unsightly, but are caused by positional anomalies (congestion, tooth gaps, teeth outside / inside the arch), bite abnormalities and orthopedic disorders of the jaw.

The soft tissues surrounding the teeth also determine the overall aesthetic appearance, and gum or periodontal problems are common. The gums are retracted from the neck of the tooth, or the opposite, the so-called gum smile, when too much of a person's gums is seen when smiling, also does not create an aesthetic effect.

Aesthetic dentistry is about making a person's smile more beautiful and harmonious. Sometimes this means a simple tartar removal, sometimes a conservative dental treatment (filling, tooth crown), but often a complex treatment that is carried out in cooperation with several dental interventions.

When do ugly teeth need treatment?

From a medical point of view, it is necessary to treat ugly teeth when there is a pathological process in the background.

From the patient's point of view, however, serious mental disorders can be caused by a tooth that is functionally healthy, but bothersome to him and represents an inadequate aesthetic need.

What are the consequences if ugly Teeth are not treated?

In general, untreated problem teeth do not heal on their own.

Unremoved tartar can cause gingivitis, periodontal disease, untreated tooth decay, or even tooth loss, and uncorrected bite disorders can cause jaw or even spine problems.

From a psychological point of view, the aesthetic differences that disturb the patient and hinder their daily life also worsen. We can often observe that these people dare not smile, are ashamed of the appearance of their teeth, put their hands over their mouths while speaking, and cover their ugly teeth.

How do you treat blemishes on your teeth?

  • Tartar

    The least severe pathological lesion is tartar, which can be aesthetically damaging. Initially, it accumulates on the inner surface of the lower incisors, but if left untreated, it becomes visible between the teeth and on other surfaces, creating a bad effect and creating an optimal medium for the development of tooth decay due to bacteria in plaque.
  • Discoloration

    Aesthetically unpleasant effect is caused by various discolorations on the surface of the teeth, which our dental assistants remove during tartar removal with a professional ultrasound machine, polishing and sandblasting. The most common causes of discoloration are various foods and drinks (coffee, tea, red wine, ketchup, beets) and smoking.

    Stubborn discoloration that cannot be removed with tartar removal can be removed with teeth whitening. We differentiate between teeth whitening in the practice and at home. The essential part of both practices is that a special whitening substance that is applied to the teeth dissolves the dyes deposited in them without damaging the structure of the teeth. We cannot predict exactly what the result will be, as it depends on the quality and thickness of the enamel of each patient, the reaction of the tooth to the whitening, but in almost all cases the change is spectacular.

    Outpatient tooth whitening is a treatment lasting about 90 minutes, in which, with adequate protection (gum mask), a tooth whitening gel is applied to the tooth surface, which is repeated three times, a maximum of four times. If the patient does not consider the result obtained to be sufficient, treatment can be continued with a home teeth whitening kit. During the so-called tooth whitening at home, based on an impression (or a digital scan) of the patient, the dental laboratory produces a unique, tooth-fitting splint with enough space for the tooth whitening gel within a day. This should be topped up with teeth whitening gel from a syringe at home, according to our dentists' instructions, and applied to teeth for 4-6 hours. It is usually recommended to use it at night as the teeth whitening material works “unnoticed” at this point and becomes inactivated after a while so that the teeth cannot be damaged. With this procedure, the achieved result can be better controlled, as it decides together with the patient's dentist how many days the treatment should be carried out. Usually it takes 5-8 days to get the result you want. Occasionally, after treatment, some tooth sensitivity may develop, which will go away completely over time (and with adequate follow-up care). For a permanent result, you should not consume colored foods and drinks (red pepper, curry, red wine, coffee, tea, etc.) for 1-2 weeks after the treatment.
  • Worn teeth

    Discoloration caused by eating and drinking must be differentiated from discoloration of the tooth material itself (usually yellow / brown), which usually develops with age due to wear and tear of tooth enamel, teeth grinding, or a very strong, poor brushing technique when the yellowish colored dentin turns on visible on the surface of the teeth. In this case, depending on the degree of wear, the problem can be resolved by making a tooth filling or crown.
  • Discolored root canal teeth

    It is common for only a specific tooth to become discolored, usually dead or root canal treated teeth. It can also be a side effect of certain medicines (e.g. tetracycline). In such cases, the root canal treatment of dead teeth known as "internal whitening" of root canal teeth is done when a tooth whitening agent is introduced into the crown of the root canal, which is changed to the desired level every 2-3 days until the targeted result is achieved . If there is a major loss of tooth material or if teeth have been treated with root canals that do not respond to the whitening of the inner teeth, the most common solution is to make a tenon or a crown.
  • Tooth erosion

    Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth material on the teeth due to acid. This is mainly due to acidic foods, beverages (fruits, mainly citrus fruits, fruit juices, carbonated soft drinks, foods with vinegar, certain alcohols (e.g. wine), sour sweets). Tooth erosion can also occur with reflux, which is where too much stomach acid in the stomach gets into the oral cavity and damages the teeth. In such cases, the acid causes the enamel to soften and wear out much more when chewed or rubbed with a toothbrush than in normal condition. Tooth erosion leads to tooth sensitivity, which in the milder case is eliminated by applying a protective varnish to more damaged teeth with fillings.
  • Caries

    In tooth decay, bacteria on the teeth lose the mineral content of the tooth (demineralization). If only the enamel is affected, there is another reversible process, the enamel can regain the mineral content from the saliva (remineralization), toothpastes with a high fluoride content also help with this. Initial tooth decay usually appears as a chalk-white stain on the tooth surface, and the consequences of successive demineralization / remineralization can be introduced into the enamel by substances that discolor it, resulting in a particularly ugly aesthetic result. This is just an aesthetic problem. It requires medical treatment for tooth decay when the loss of mineral content of the tooth has already reached the dentin. In this case, the dentin also softens and forms cavities (a hole in the tooth). If the tooth decay is minor, our dentists will usually make a filling. However, if the tooth decay is so severe that it is determined that the filling can no longer be treated, the tooth may need to be rooted and a crown made. As a last resort, the tooth material can be so damaged that it can no longer be stored.

What considerations should be considered when choosing the right treatment?

From a medical point of view, we always choose the most conservative (minimally invasive) treatment to solve the given problem.

The first step is almost always professional oral hygiene.

Treatment by our dental assistants. It consists of tartar removal, polishing, sandblasting, and full oral hygiene advice. After that, the patient's smile is usually much more aesthetic, making it possible to put other problems and needs in order.

Simpler enamel defects, irreversible, smaller caries can be treated / removed with small fillings.

If you want to make a badly damaged or badly discolored tooth that doesn't respond to more beautiful teeth whitening, or a gaping one, you may already need further interventions such as: B. the production of a shell. To do this, we usually only need to prepare minimal material from the outside of the teeth. However, in some cases, treatment can be done without preparation.

With a direct shell, thin layers of aesthetic composite filling material are placed on the outer surface of the teeth in order to achieve the most natural effect possible.

When making an indirect bowl, an impression is made, and on this basis the porcelain bowl is made in the dental laboratory. The finished shell is attached to the outer surface of the tooth with a special adhesive cement.

With this solution, shape and position anomalies of the teeth can be corrected or even the gaps between the teeth can be closed.

A more extensive restoration is the crown, which is essentially a cap that completely covers the tooth and replaces the missing parts. It is also made in a dental laboratory. There are different types of crowns.

The most aesthetic material is the pressed ceramic as well as the zirconium oxide crown.

How much do the various interventions cost against ugly teeth?

The cost of a particular treatment is always determined by the type of treatment. In general, the price of a treatment consists of the cost of the dental technology, the doctor's fee, the cost of the materials used and the cost of running the dental office in general.

How to keep beautiful teeth, what to look out for?

The most important thing in caring for beautiful teeth is proper dental care every day.

In addition, regular visits to our dentists at least every six months for screening and the regular removal of dental hygiene every 6 months with our dental hygienists help to maintain the beauty of your teeth as problems are detected and treated early on.

FAQ about ugly teeth

Is it possible to save teeth that are in a very bad condition?

There is always a solution! The earlier you visit our practice, the easier, faster and cheaper the treatment is! Do not hesitate to request a personal consultation from our dentists!

When should you see a doctor with your teeth?

It is recommended that you see your dentist for a check-up or tartar removal every six months. However, if you have additional problems, contact us immediately!

What can you do to keep your teeth beautiful?

Maintaining perfect oral hygiene in everyday life is of the utmost importance for maintaining healthy, aesthetic teeth. This means that you need to brush your teeth with a floss / interdental brush at least twice a day. Regular, half-yearly tartar removal, polishing and dental examinations by our dental assistants are also essential!