What is the scientific name of a clover

Red meadow clover

Insect food and garden helpers

The red clover adorns meadows with its spherical, red flowers. Insects love it for its nectar, and we gardeners use it as a green manure.

  • Red clover grows in meadows and along roadsides - Photo: Helge May

  • Red clover with typical leaf pattern - Photo: Helge May

  • Butterflies like the little fox appreciate it as a source of food - Photo: Helge May

  • Red clover on fallow land - Photo: Helge May

  • Garden bumblebee on red clover - Photo: Michael Steven

In the botanical systematics, the red clover belongs to the large family of butterflies - and that can be taken literally in this case. Many butterflies, including the painted lady and the golden eight, as well as various blues and rams, use it as a caterpillar plant; even more visit it as a source of nectar. Trifolium pratense is also a popular bee pasture.

The white clover is also a frequent, close relative of the red clover.- Photo: Helge May

A positive aspect of the peas - peas and lupins are also part of them - that every gardener can adopt is that they make nitrogen available in the soil. As a green manure, clover can enrich the soil with nitrogen and make it available to other plants at the same time. The cultivation for this purpose is called green manure. In addition to capturing atmospheric nitrogen with the help of nodule bacteria, as can be done by clover and other plants, green manure is also used for deep loosening. Green manure during or after the vegetation period, i.e. the growth and reproduction phase of the plants, protects the soil from being washed out and washed away by rain and drying out by sun and wind.

Brief profile:

  • Scientific name: Trifolium pratense
  • Height: 20 to 40 centimeters
  • Flower color: red to purple
  • Flowering period: April to October
  • Harvest: May to September


  • Isoflavones
  • Proteins
  • Tannins
  • volatile oil


  • Sprouts in the salad
  • Flowers in salad or soup
  • for blood purification
  • for indigestion
  • with cough
  • against rheumatism
  • against gout

more on the subject

NABU nature gazer

Observe and report animals and plants all year round.


Looked closely

Subscribe to Newsletter



Do you have questions?