When was the Kaziranga National Park founded?
Safaris and National Parks in India
Manas National Park
The Manas National Park is located in the state of Assam at the foot of the Himalayas and borders the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan. It has an area of 500 square kilometers and is the core zone of the Manas game reserve, which has an area of approx. 2,600 square kilometers. If you add the neighboring parks in Bhutan, namely the Royal Manas and the Jigme-Singye-Wangchuck National Park, the total area under protection amounts to 5,000 square kilometers.
The area was placed under protection in October 1928 and declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. Between 1988 and 1996 the park was so badly affected as a result of political unrest that it was placed on the Red List of World Heritage in Danger between 1992 and 2011. During the riots, the park's infrastructure was destroyed and poaching was widespread. The infrastructure has been rebuilt and maintained since 2003 so that the number of visitors is increasing again.
The landscape is characterized by alluvial plains to mountain ranges. 45% of the vegetation consists of alluvial grasslands, otherwise the vegetation consists of semi-evergreen hill forests and wet and dry forests.
The Manas National Park has a particularly diverse fauna. This is due to its location in the transition area between the Indian subcontinent and the Indo-Malay region. Numerous endangered species such as the Asian elephant, king tiger, wild water buffalo, barasingha deer, golden langur and dwarf game have found a home here.
The political unrest and the associated poaching have almost wiped out many species. The Indian rhinos almost completely disappeared between 1995 and 1996. However, some seem to have survived and in 2006, when the security situation had stabilized again, a female rhinoceros was transferred from the Kaziranga National Park to Manas for the first time. Other rhinos were brought to Manas from the Kaziranga and Pobitora National Parks between 2007 and 2011 and resettled there. Almost a dozen of the animals are now living there again. Manas National Park is also home to one of the largest populations of elephants. 660 animals were counted in the vicinity of the park in 2005.
It is also home to one of the largest tiger populations in India. In 2006, 61 King Tigers were counted. Other species of predator are the Indian leopard, wild dog, clouded leopard, sloth bear and collar bear. Small predatory species live here: Asian golden cat, Bengal cat, fish cat, reed cat, marble cat, Bengal fox, yellow-bellied weasel, great marten, otter, Indian civet cat, Indian civet cat, spotted musang, larvae roller, binturongs and small mongoose. There are five species of deer in the national park: sambar deer, pig deer, axis deer, Indian muntjac and barasingha. There are also wild boars, dwarf boars and Seraue (on the Bhutanese side). Many species of monkeys are also found here: golden langur, Assam macaque, rhesus monkey, white-browed gibbon, cap langur and slow lorikeet. The Indian pangolin and the flying squirrel also have their home in the Manas National Park. Ganges dolphins live in the rivers and the gavial is particularly noteworthy among the reptiles.
Bird watchers also get their money's worth in Manas. About 450 species of birds live here, of which about 350 breed in the area, including rare species such as the bearded bustard (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Bengal vulture (Gyps bengalensis), Narrow-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) or greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga).
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