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Middle East conflict

Explanation of terms

The political and military conflict in the Middle East between Israel and the Arab states, especially between Israel and the Palestinians, is known as the "Middle East conflict". In order to understand the causes of this conflict, it is necessary to know the historical background.

An area of ​​particular importance
The area that is the focus of the Middle East conflict has a special historical and religious significance for Jews and Muslims, but also for Christians. Jews settled in the area more than 1000 years BC. This is where the Jewish religion developed. The temple stood in Jerusalem, which was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70 AD. The Jews were scattered in many parts of the world (diaspora). The “promised land”, as the region is called by many Jews, has always been present in Judaism as part of religious traditions.
Jewish immigrants
Since the 16th century there have been groups of Jewish immigrants who settled in Palestine, as it was then called. At the end of the 19th century some Jews wanted to establish their own state in the area. In the meantime, however, many non-Jewish residents lived there, mainly Muslims, but also Christians. Many of them spoke Arabic. At the beginning of the 20th century, due to increased marginalization in other countries, more Jewish immigrants came to the region. Tensions between the Jewish and Arab populations grew. After the First World War, Great Britain had received the mandate from the League of Nations, i.e. the order, to administer Palestine. It approved limited immigration. Because of expulsions in the 1930s and especially because of the Holocaust, many Jews tried to flee to Palestine.
Establishment of the State of Israel in 1948

In 1947 the United Nations decided to divide the area and establish a state for the Jews and one for the Arab population. The Jews then proclaimed their State of Israel in 1948. But the Arab population and neighboring Arab states rejected the United Nations decision.

The conflict since 1948
1948 saw the first of several Israeli-Arab wars. Over the years the Middle East has developed into an international trouble spot. The clashes between the Arab states and Israel are part of this Middle East conflict. The people of the region are suffering from the great tension. For example, during the war of 1948, many Arab residents fled their villages to neighboring countries, where they often still live in refugee camps today. Many Jews who had lived in Arab countries until the founding of Israel were expelled from there and fled to Israel. In 1964 the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded. Since then she has fought for the establishment of a state for the Palestinians.
Is a solution to the conflict possible?
There have been repeated attempts to ease tensions in the Middle East. Negotiations have been held, treaties and agreements have been concluded, but no peace has yet been achieved. There was strong opposition to such agreements in both Israel and the Palestinian people. Violent attacks were repeatedly carried out by the Palestinians, and the Israeli army responded with military attacks. There were victims on both sides. A solution to the conflict is still being struggled with today.
The crux of the problem

In essence, it is about the following problem: The Palestinians are demanding their own state, which includes parts of the current state of Israel. The Israelis are demanding recognition of the State of Israel. Is there a solution so that all people in this region can live in peace? And what could this solution look like?

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