What is only famous in Churu

Churu, Rajasthan - Churu, Rajasthan

City in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 28.30 ° N 74.95 ° E Coordinates: 28.30 ° N 74.95 ° O. 28 ° 18'N 74 ° 57'E /. / 28.30; 74.95 28 ° 18'N 74 ° 57'E /. / 28.30; 74.95
country India
Status Rajasthan
circle Churu
government
• Art Federal Republic
• Body Indian government
• MP Rahul Kaswan
• Member of the Legislative Assembly Rajendra Singh Rathore
elevation 292 m
population
• A total of 119.856
languages
• Officially Hindi and Rajasthani
Time zone UTC + 5: 30 (IST)
PEN
Phone code 01562
Vehicle registration RJ-10
website churu.rajasthan.gov.in
Famous for temples, havelies, sand dunes, forest reserve

Churu is a city in the desert region of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is known as the gateway to the Thar Desert of Rajasthan. It is the administrative seat of the Churu district. It is located in the Thar Desert on National Highway 52, which connects Sangrur with Ankola, and is a crossing station on the railway line to Bikaner. It is close to the moving sand dunes of the Thar Desert and has large havelis with wonderful frescoes, viz Kanhaiya Lal Bagla Ki Haweli and Surana Haweli , with hundreds of small windows. It also has some fine chhatris. Near the city is a religious seat of the Nath sect of sadhus, where there are life-size marble statues of their deities and a place for prayer. In the center of the city there is a fortress that was built about 500 years ago.

history

A view of the desert near Churu

The place was founded on May 4, 1620 by the [Kaler] clan of Jat and named after the Choudhury Chuharu Jat in the Jangladesh region of the state of Churu. It was later ruled by Rathore (Banirot) Rajputs and during the battle of 1871 the area came under the dominance of Bikaner. The Shekhawats (Taknet) fought alongside the Rathores (Banirot) to defend the city fortress. This battle is famous for the use of silver cannon shells. The descendants of the Taknet and Banirot still live in the city. Churu opens the gate to the Thar Desert like an oasis in the middle of the moving golden sand dunes.

Before India's independence in 1947, it was part of the Bikaner State. The district was established in 1948 and consisted of three Tehsils - Churu, Rajgarh and Taranagar when the administration of Bikaner State was reorganized. There are now eight tehsils including Churu, Sidhmukh, Sadulpur, Ratangarh, Sujangarh, Sardarsahar, Taranagar and Bidasar.

economy

Since there are about eight Tehsils in the Churu district with more than 900 villages, 248 panchayats and about two million inhabitants, the economy of the city and its surroundings is mainly based on animal husbandry and hand embroidery by women. Due to the climatic conditions, the extent of agriculture in Churu is very small. Many women here are engaged in hand embroidery.

The main source of income for the people in rural areas of Churu is dairy. Churu has a small market for some of the area's agricultural products. The city has an agricultural commodity market committee. The Food Corporation of India has its warehouse in Churu. The city is the main supply point for the surrounding villages.

There is no medium or large industry in the industrial area. The few small industries are granite slabs and tiles, cutting and polishing, and crushing mustard seeds. The city is organized around Kalera Bass and surrounds many areas such as Chandani Chowk, Adarsh ​​Nagar, Balmiki Basti, Mochiwarah and Subhash Chowk.

Geography and climate

Churu has an average altitude of 292 m. Churu is surrounded by large sand dunes. The area is sparsely overgrown. Phoge and Kair bushes as well as Khejri / Khejra (Prosopis cineraria), Royara and Babul trees are mainly found in the sand dunes. There are sand dunes with a few small limestone hills all over the area.

climate

The region has record temperatures ranging from below freezing in winter to over 50 degrees in summer afternoons. Before dawn in December and January, it should come as no surprise to see ice in small pots of water or frozen dew on the small vegetation. However, it can be seen that summer nights are cooler and winter days are warmer. There are big differences in the minimum and maximum temperatures of Churu. The lowest recorded temperature of Churu is -4.6 ° C and the highest temperature ever recorded is 50.8 ° C (123.4 ° F) on June 1st and 2nd, 2019. Even in 2020, Churu recorded a maximum of 50 ° C (122 ° C) F). On December 30, 2020, Churu recorded -1.5 ° C (29.3 ° F), the coldest in 46 years.

Climate data for Churu (1981-2010, Extreme 1956-2020)
month Jan. Feb To damage Apr Can Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec year
Record high ° C (° F) 33,4
(92,1)
37,4
(99,3)
42,5
(108,5)
46,4
(115,5)
50,0
(122,0)
50,8
(123,4)
46,6
(115,9)
43,1
(109,6)
44,1
(111,4)
42,6
(108,7)
38,4
(101,1)
33,5
(92,3)
50,8
(123,4)
Middle Maximum ° C (° F) 28,7
(83,7)
32,7
(90,9)
39,0
(102,2)
44,1
(111,4)
46,6
(115,9)
46,1
(115,0)
42,9
(109,2)
40,5
(104,9)
40,7
(105,3)
39,6
(103,3)
35,6
(96,1)
30,4
(86,7)
47,2
(117,0)
Average high ° C (° F) 23,0
(73,4)
26,4
(79,5)
32,7
(90,9)
39,0
(102,2)
42,2
(108,0)
41,6
(106,9)
37,9
(100,2)
36,8
(98,2)
37,2
(99,0)
35,8
(96,4)
30,9
(87,6)
25,2
(77,4)
34,1
(93,4)
Average low ° C (° F) 5,5
(41,9)
9,0
(48,2)
14,9
(58,8)
20,7
(69,3)
26,1
(79,0)
28,3
(82,9)
27,7
(81,9)
26,4
(79,5)
24,3
(75,7)
18,0
(64,4)
11,1
(52,0)
6,0
(42,8)
18,2
(64,8)
Mean minimum ° C (° F) 0,5
(32,9)
2,9
(37,2)
8,8
(47,8)
14,5
(58,1)
19,4
(66,9)
22,6
(72,7)
23,6
(74,5)
24,0
(75,2)
20,8
(69,4)
12,9
(55,2)
5,4
(41,7)
0,9
(33,6)
–0,1
(31,8)
Record low ° C (° F) -4,6
(23,7)
-4,6
(23,7)
1,8
(35,2)
8,8
(47,8)
11,8
(53,2)
17,7
(63,9)
19,1
(66,4)
19,6
(67,3)
14,0
(57,2)
8,1
(46,6)
–1,0
(30,2)
-4,6
(23,7)
-4,6
(23,7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7,4
(0,29)
12,5
(0,49)
11,2
(0,44)
6,9
(0,27)
25,3
(1,00)
53,8
(2,12)
115,3
(4,54)
99,5
(3,92)
46,1
(1,81)
7,1
(0,28)
2,4
(0,09)
2,9
(0,11)
390,4
(15,36)
Average rainy days 0,8 1.2 1.0 0,9 1.9 3.2 6.4 5.7 2.7 0,7 0,2 0,3 25
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 ACTUAL) 37 29 22 16 19 30 51 55 43 29 34 38 34
Source: India Meteorological Department

Demographics

As of the 2001 India census, Churu had a population of 97,627.

Men made up 52% ​​of the population and the remaining women. Churu has an average literacy rate of 62%, which is above the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 72% and female 51%. In Churu, 17% of the population is under six years old. According to the preliminary reports of the Indian census, the population of Churu in 2011 is 119,846, which corresponds to 61,771 men and 58,075 women, respectively.

Infrastructure

transport

Churu Railway Station is a crossing station on the Delhi - Rewari - Bikaner route. A train that goes from Delhi to Bikaner via Churu also connects to Jaipur via Sikar. The railway line to Jaipur had one gauge and was now converted to broad gauge and operational. Churu is located on the NH 52 and is connected to all major cities (Kaithal) by all-weather roads.

electricity

In Churu there is a sub-grid station with 220 kV. The city is powered by the Indian grid station Power Grid Corporation in Hissar, Haryana. Almost all of the villages in the Churu subdivision are electrified.

water

The city gets drinking water from local wells, which is hard and brackish. The drinking water supply in the urban area is administered by the Water Department of the Government of Rajasthan. The government is trying to get drinking water for the area from the Indira Gandhi Canal. The main source of irrigation for farmers continues to be rainwater and wells in some places.

Safe Water Network India, in partnership with the Bhoruka Charitable Trust, has expanded natural water storage in private homes through rainwater harvesting on the roof through the creation of household wells, and renovated existing community wells to provide water to families living in huts and children in schools. This initiative has reduced the drudgery of women and children in this water-endangered region of Rajasthan.

education The city has two postgraduate colleges: Lohia College, affiliated with the University of Bikaner and Balika Mahavidalya, and Government Law College, affiliated with Maharaja Ganga Singh University. There are several higher secondary, secondary and elementary schools in Churu.

The main schools of Churu are: Kendriya Vidyalaya, Lords International School, Little Flower School, Shri Jain Swetambar Terapanthi Sen. Sec. School, The Walden Pond Sr. Sec. School, Lakshmipat Singhania Academy, Adarsh ​​Vidya Mandir, Montessori School, Goenka School and Bagla Senior Secondary School, the oldest school in the Shekhawati region founded by Bhagwanda's Bagla.

NGOs There are few NGOs in the city including Navyuvak Mandal Mithi Redu, Manav Pragati Sansthan, Prayas Sansthan, Marudhar Yuva Sansthan, and Dudhwa Mitha.

telecommunications Many telecommunications companies such as BSNL, Vodafone, Airtel, Tata DoCoMo and Idea have their network in Churu. Internet and fax services are also available. Tata Teleservices provides rural telephony in the villages with a base of 70,000 users in the villages.

Hospitals Churu has good medical facilities with medical collage. The city has a government hospital as well as some private hospitals such as Hirawat Heart Care Center and Bhanu Hospital. There is also an Ayurvedic hospital in Churu.

Sports The city has a sports stadium. It has indoor and outdoor games. It has the infrastructure to hold annual national tournaments. Adventure sports such as parasailing, paramotoring and rappelling are also organized in Churu.

Banking Many nationalized banks, Central Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Bank of Baroda, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, Axis Bank and HDFC Bank have branches in Churu. Some cooperative banks such as Churu Central Cooperative Bank and Bhumi Vikas Bank also have branches in the city.

Library The city has a public library called Shri Sagar Jain Jila Pustkalaya.

administration

The Churu constituency elects one member to the Vidhan Sabha (Rajasthan State Assembly) and one member to the Lok Sabha (Indian Parliament).

Notable people

See also

References

External links