What are the contributions of Turkey against global terrorism
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As a global challenge, terrorism requires a globally coordinated response by the international community. The Federal Government supports the development of effective operational measures to combat terrorism at the international level. As part of its international obligations as a member of the anti-IS alliance, Germany is also participating in the fight against the terrorist organization IS with military means.
A successful and sustainable fight against terrorism and violent extremism requires a society-wide approach that also takes into account the political, social and economic causes of terrorism. The aim is also to strengthen civil society and the rule of law. An important focus is on the observance of human rights.
For a long time, only Islamist terrorism was the focus of international counter-efforts. Germany is actively committed to ensuring that violent extremism and terrorism are viewed across all phenomena. Accordingly, Germany resolutely opposes violent and terrorist Islamism as well as transnational violent right-wing extremism and right-wing terrorism.
The Federal Government takes an active part in international forums for combating terrorism, including:
The United Nations sets the political and legal standards for the global fight against terrorism. Germany has ratified the anti-terrorism conventions of the United Nations as a binding basis under international law and is implementing them.
In Germany, too, the sanctions lists of the IS / Al Qaeda and Taliban sanctions committees of the United Nations Security Council apply directly against persons and organizations that are connected to these terrorist organizations.
The member states of the European Union have undertaken to fight terrorism together and to offer their citizens the best possible protection. The EU's 2005 Counter Terrorism Strategy aims to fight terrorism around the world while respecting human rights, making Europe safer and enabling its citizens to live in an area of freedom, security and justice. The member states of the European Union also set up an EU counter-terrorism coordinator in September 2007.
As part of the common foreign and security policy, the EU's position on the fight against terrorism is continuously coordinated in multilateral and bilateral talks with the European External Action Service, the EU counter-terrorism coordinator and the EU Commission. The Council's conclusions on EU external action on preventing and combating terrorism and violent extremism of June 2020 point the way.
The EU implements the sanctions list of the United Nations Security Council by ordinance. It also maintains its own list of persons and organizations that are subject to restrictive measures.
NATO continues to expand its capabilities to counter terrorist threats. Training measures for allies and partners play just as much a role as reconnaissance and information exchange as well as, for example, counter-terrorism projects with innovative technologies.
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) makes an important contribution in strengthening the capabilities of its 57 member states to deal with terrorist threats while respecting the rule of law and human rights. A particular focus here is on prevention and capacity building to prevent violent extremism and radicalization that lead to terrorism.
Council of Europe
In addition to the prevention of acts of terrorism, the Council of Europe focuses on the question of the compatibility of counter-terrorism measures with the protection of human rights. A Steering Committee on Counter-Terrorism of the Council of Europe (CDCT) was set up for this purpose. In May 2015, an additional protocol on “foreign terrorist fighters” and the fight against violent extremism and radicalization was adopted. In 2018 the Council of Europe adopted a new counter-terrorism strategy until 2022. The strategy is based on prevention, law enforcement and protection from terrorism. The Council of Europe is thereby strengthening the exchange and cooperation between the member states in this field.
Global Counterterrorism Forum (GCTF)
Within the framework of the GCTF, the Federal Government is working on the development and exchange of good practices as well as the assistance and coordination of measures to build civil capacities in international counter-terrorism efforts. Germany and Algeria chair the working group on capacity building in West Africa.
As part of the G7 “Roma-Lyon Group”, “best practices” are developed and pragmatic, targeted cooperation agreements are made.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF)
Internationally, the FATF sets the relevant standards for combating the financing of terrorism. The basis are the United Nations Security Council resolutions, which call on the member states to prevent the financing of terrorism. Germany will hold the presidency of the FATF from 2020 to 2022.
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