Who were Abraham Lincoln's siblings
Abraham Lincoln's youthHard childhood days in Kentucky
Water is the basic substance of life. This spring belonged to the Lincoln family more than 200 years ago, and little Abraham, who saw the light of day above this spring, drank the first water in his life from this spring.
This spring still babbles in a cave that can be reached via a stone staircase at the foot of the little hill on which Thomas and Nancy Lincoln lived in their log cabin. These are ideal conditions for a water resource, tells us ranger Stacy Humphreys, who accompanies us on the grounds of the former Lincoln farm.
"We call this spring a 'karst window'. In Kentucky there are many such caves because of the limestone. The fresh water flows down here in the small cave and is therefore very protected. This is an abundant fresh water reservoir that you can use for humans and livestock, just use it for anything. That really is a perfect scenario. "
When the Lincoln drew water, they had to carry it in a wooden tub up the stairs out of the small limestone cave, then along a narrow stone path up the hill to their log cabin.
Live in a wild area
The land around the log cabin could also be somewhere in the Eifel. Old oak and walnut trees are grouped in the hilly terrain, providing shade and of course wood or nuts. The meadows and arable land are rather small-scale and criss-crossed by stony field paths.
"When the Lincoln's lived here at Sinking Spring Farm, it was a very wild area. They had about 100 acres that they had to clear first to reclaim the land. It was very hard work. Lots of it Trees had to be felled. They used the hard wood of the chestnut trees to build their log cabin. "
Professor Gary Ferguson (Rudi Schneider) The small piece of land that the Lincolnns inhabited for a few years is south of Hodgenville, Kentucky, and is now guarded by the National Park Service. The historically authentic Lincoln log cabin no longer exists, but a hut was built in its place, although it was typical of that time, says Gary Ferguson.
"The log cabin is typical of the 19th century in America and has an area of about 4.5 meters by 5.5 meters. It has a window and a door. Both were usually facing east or south because of the cold In winter the wind mostly came from the north or northwest. These huts also had a kind of attic where the children often slept. "
Gary Ferguson is a professor of history at the University of Kentucky and shows visitors how the Lincolnns lived here back then.
"In fact, the family, Samuel Lincoln, came to America in 1637 from Hingham, north-west England. They first settled near Boston, Massachusetts, and named this place Hingham after the place they came from Abraham Lincoln's grandfather did not come to Kentucky until 1782. He was given a piece of land there for his service during the American Revolution. Thomas Lincoln, the father of Abraham Lincoln was eight years old at the time and married Nancy Hanks on June 12, 1806. Abraham Lincoln was their second child. "
Abraham was born on February 12, 1809 in the log cabin on this hill and of course no one had any idea what future lay ahead. The everyday worries took up the family to the full and they did not look bright on the farm around the water source of the Sinking Spring.
"Because of a land dispute with their neighbor, the Lincoln's were looking for alternative farmland. At that time there were no precise land surveys here. They said, 'My field begins at this big tree and this thick stone.' But my big tree was not the same big tree In the eyes of the neighbor. Because of such a land dispute, Thomas Lincoln decided to buy a farm ten miles away on Knob Creek. That is where the family moved, and this farm on Knob Creek was evidently remembered by Abraham Lincoln later. "
Little Abraham and his older sister Sarah were probably sitting on the boxes of belongings the Lincolnns had packed onto the horse-drawn cart when they moved to Knob Creek.
Learning in the "one-room school"
Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States of America. The picture was painted by US President Dwight D. Eisenhower. (AP Archive) Blue Moon of Kentucky is the name of the melody that the banjo plays. The children and their parents certainly had positive expectations of their new domicile, which is located in a quiet, sunny valley and where Knob Creek provides the necessary water.
"The children were expected to work on the farm. They had to look after and tend the animals, help with the plants, and of course with the harvest. Abraham and Sarah also went to a so-called" blab school "while they were on the Knob Creek Farm. It was the only formal education Abraham Lincoln ever had in his life. This type of school was very different from schools today. All classes were taught in one room by one teacher at the same time. "
The school bell rings, let's listen to the old days when little Abraham and his sister Sarah went to this little "one-room school".
The Blab School was named because the children had to parrot the subject matter. The children of all ages learned everything together, including the songs, of course.
Incidentally, Abraham Lincoln proved to be a gifted autodidact in his later life. Life on the farm was tough and left its mark in childhood.
"He talked about a day that was planted. The older children plowed the ground and he ran behind and planted pumpkin seeds row by row. The next day there was a violent storm. All the water rushed from the hill into it like a torrent Field and washed all the seeds out of the earth. With that he saw how hard the farm work could be. Despite the hard work, a single downpour could destroy the whole seed. "
Knob Creek, at the point where little Abraham almost drowned after a downpour (100 m from the log cabin). (Rudi Schneider) Knob Creek, which is actually a small, quiet stream, turned into a torrent. Abraham fell into the water and was carried away, but his friend Austin bravely broke a long branch from a bush and saved it from the now wild Knob Creek. This is exactly where children play again today, following in the footsteps of their 16th President with their parents.
The Lincoln's log cabin is just 100 meters from the mostly peaceful babbling Knob Creek.
Martha Stevens is waiting for us in the doorway. She's lived two miles away since she was born, is over 70 years old, was a librarian, and has great fun showing visitors how the Lincoln's lived in this log cabin.
"That's how the Lincoln lived here. Abe and his sister slept up there on the mezzanine floor. They had a mattress that was filled with leaves or feathers. In winter, however, they had the warmest place in the hut because the mezzanine floor was above fireplace is located. "
The kids who were just playing in Knob Creek listen carefully to Martha.
"Mum cooked the food here, it all looks very poor and simple. Back then, the device in the corner was used to make butter out of milk. The flour was kept in these cans. This is the little table at which she Family has eaten and over there is the parents' bed with a box for clothes and belongings, no television, I always tell the children that, no computer games, no bathroom, they can't imagine that nowadays. "
Little Morgan Mitchell listened curiously to Martha and was amazed, as the children used to be.
"The Cabin was very interesting, oh wow, no TV, having one bed, its pretty tough, I think."
Morgan came with his mother Lisa.
"My granddaughter is studying Abraham Lincoln next year, so today we're going to visit his birthplace. We're surprised how small everything is here. Unbelievable, all of life has been in this small room."
No wages for hard work
Large oak trees provide shade for the hut. The older Abraham got, the more his labor was in demand and the more his interests became apparent.
"Abraham was supposed to plow a field and his father Thomas came to see how far he had got with the work. He found him under a tree, where he was sitting in the shade reading a book. His father scolded him and said he should put this kid's stuff away and be a farmer like everyone else. "
As a child, Abraham saw the slave transports on the highway that passed their log cabin on Knob Creek. When the wind rushes through the old tree tops of the oaks, it's like hearing those hymns in the wind that later shaped your life.
It is possible that what Abraham experienced on the farm during his teenage years planted in the soul that seed that later influenced his fate and also the fate of America.
"Lincoln's father, Thomas, gave him the job of splitting 3,000 tree branches for a neighbor that would be used to build a border fence. When he finished this mammoth work, it wasn't he who received the wages, but his father. Despite all the sweat that he had shed, his father got the money. He felt like a slave, they work every day in the sweat of their brow and get nothing in return. That was probably a key experience for him. "
Possibly a key experience that years later changed the world in America decisively.
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