How would you explain the passive voice

1 Passive rules, examples

First: what is the active?

The active emphasizes who doing something. Is that the person (or thing) acting subject of the sentence, then it is verb in active.

Examples:
Caraplays Soccer.
Our teamwins the game.



What is the passive voice (suffering form)

If you use the passive voice, then this is it plot important and not the 'perpetrator' - or the perpetrator is unknown.

Example: the driver becomes the truck damaged.

next exercise



The formation of the passive voice



Subject and objects are exchanged


The passive in all persons and tenses

I am asked.
You are being asked
He / She / It is asked.
We are asked.
You are asked.
They are being asked.

I was asked.
You have been asked
He / She / It was asked.
We were asked.
You have been asked.
You were asked.

I was asked.
You have been asked.
He / She / It has been asked.
We have been asked.
You have been asked.
You have been asked.

I was asked.
You had been asked.
He / She / It was asked.
We had been asked.
You were asked.
You had been asked.

I will be asked.
You will be asked.
He / She / It will be asked.
We will be asked.
You will be asked.
You will be asked.

I will have been asked.
You will have been asked.
He / She / It will have been asked.
We will have been asked.
You will have been asked.
You will have been asked.

Process passive and status passive

The process passive is used when an action is to be emphasized. The acting person is not unimportant or unknown.

The Process passive becomes with the auxiliary verb 'become' educated.

Example process passive: I. will elected as class representative.

The state passive describes how the state is after an action.

The State passive becomes with the auxiliary verb 'be'and the participle II. The state passive comes after the active and the process passive, because it represents a result.

Example state passive: I. am elected as class representative.

Comparison of process passive and status passive

Process passive examples:
Tim becomes disappointed.
Wenke becomes offended.

State passive examples:
Tim is disappointed.
Wenke is offended.

Example sentences for that Process passive in all times

Pr sens: The computer Is used.
Prteritum: The computer was used.
Perfect: the computer has been used.
Past perfect: the computer had been used.
Future tense: The computer will be used.
Future II: The computer will have been used.

Example sentences for the passive state in all tenses

Pr sens: The doctor's office is closed.
Prteritum: The doctor's office was closed.
Perfect: the doctor's office has been closed.
Past perfect: the doctor's office had been closed.
Future tense I: The doctor's office will be closed.
Future II: The doctor's office will have been closed.

Active and state passive in comparison

Examples:
Pr sens: The supermarket opens the door. (Sentence in active)
Pr sens: The door is open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Prerequisite: The supermarket opened the door. (Sentence in active)
Prteritum: The door was open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Perfect: The supermarket has opened the door. (Sentence in active)
Perfect: the door has been open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Past perfect: The supermarket had opened the door. (Sentence in the active) past perfect: the door had been open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Future tense I: The supermarket will open the door. (Sentence in active)
Future tense I: The door will be open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Future tense II: The supermarket will have opened the door. (Sentence in active)
Future tense II: The door will have been open. (Sentence in the passive state)

Passive exercises

(Passive English - exercises)
01 Exercises Active
02 sentences in passive voice
03 sentences in passive voice
04 Passive Pr sens (present)
05 Passive in the prterity ...

Passive - active and passive with rules and examples
Active and passive exercises.

Rules and exercises on the subject of active and passive - rules. Process active and status active. Active and passive times.