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▷ Learning to program: how do I start?
How to start coding successfully!
The demands for the compulsory subject "computer science" or "learning to program" are getting louder and louder - and rightly so. Because with programming knowledge you can implement exciting things - and at the same time improve your own future prospects. We'll give you an overview of how you can learn to program.
How can I learn to program?
The evolution of technology and digitization are advancing tirelessly. More and more of the often quite complex devices have to be controlled and monitored by software. Programmers are required for this. Experts who understand the language of machines or computers and who develop, code and test programs.
No wonder that many people dream of becoming a programmer in order to work for large companies or startups and create computer software or mobile apps. You can realize this dream because there is a great demand for computer experts. But getting there requires a lot of perseverance.
Why should I learn to code?
At first glance, the desire for an interesting, well-paying job is probably the best reason to learn programming. In any case, this is the right decision, because programmers are sought-after specialists and they have good earning opportunities and promising career opportunities at their disposal.
Anyone who has programming knowledge does not have to work as a full-time programmer. If you want to continue working in your previous job, you will gain a professional advantage by learning programming languages. Programming also means abstracting problem complexes and solving them. In addition to the pure development of programs, it is about developing logical thinking and problem-solving skills - important skills in many professions. It is also fun when the computer performs the expected actions through the entered lines of code and delivers results;)
What requirements should I bring with me?
A programmer's career is a cumulative process. To build your skills, you have to expand your knowledge day by day and year after year. The basics of a programming language can be learned relatively quickly, but writing good programs requires a lot of practice. Programming computers is fun and pays off mentally and financially. There are many ways that lead to your goal, but if you want to know whether this job is the right one for you, you should attend the following introductory courses at a university or community college (or on an online platform):
- Discrete Math
- Programming languages
When programming data processing devices, a distinction is made between sequential, procedural, object-oriented, functional and logical programs or programming paradigms. Preferred programming languages for beginners are Ruby, Python, and Pascal. Languages that require a little deeper understanding are C ++, C #, and Java.
In addition to the programming languages, databases are an important part of data processing. Databases organize and store data so that they can be called up and changed using special software. Programmers should therefore be familiar with database concepts, tables, views, and queries. MySQL or MariaDB, for example, is a free database solution that is widely used and where the content is accessed using the query language SQL.
What types of programmers are there?
As in many professions, you will have to specialize in the course of your training to become a programmer. The IT is now too extensive to be familiar with all areas. For example, programmers can be roughly divided into the following categories:
- Web programmer
- Application programmer desktop
- Application programmer apps for mobile devices
- System programmer desktops, mainframes, mobile devices
Which technologies and programming languages you should learn depends on the chosen specialization. Here is an overview:
Web applications are software components that are developed for Internet architecture. This ranges from simple websites to complex client-server applications such as web shops or online games. The application programs for the web are accessed and executed by web browsers such as Chrome and Firefox. Although they are based on the Internet architecture, an active Internet connection is not absolutely necessary. Web applications are based on or use the following technologies:
- IP protocols
Application programming for the desktop
In most cases, desktop programmers write code for specific business solutions that save a great deal of time in a company's organizational or financial structure. Desktop programmers should be familiar with the architectures of computer hardware. In addition, knowledge of procedural, object-oriented and functional programming as well as the modeling techniques UML (Unified Modeling Language) or ORM (Object Relational Mapping) are essential. Java, C ++ or Python and their development environments and frameworks are often used as programming languages. Desktop programmers should also master the use of graphical user interfaces.
A variant of desktop programming is game programming. Many games are developed for the desktop. Programmers who want to specialize in this way need in-depth knowledge of graphics programming and a logically functional programming language such as Prolog or Lisp.
Application programmer for distributed systems
Application programming for distributed systems is certainly one of the most difficult tasks for a programmer, because it requires extensive knowledge of computer and communication technologies. Know-how of network hardware architectures and devices such as hubs, switches and routers is also required. Experience with the Open Systems Interconnection Model (OSI), Ethernet, IP, TCP, UDP and HTTP is also essential. Before you start programming distributed systems, you should be familiar with the XML language. You also need:
- Windows Scripting Host
In addition to the core features of the programming languages, you should concentrate on the networking of distributed systems and the development of user interfaces. Also important are:
- Joint object request broker architecture (CORBA)
- Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
- Distributed Component Object Model (DCOM)
- .NET remoting
- XML web services
System programmer desktops, mainframes, mobile devices
System programmers (also known as core programmers) use interfaces to hardware in order to guarantee and control the use of computer resources by application programs. This includes very in-depth knowledge of hardware and system software such as operating systems, utility programs and system-related programs and their programming tools. The most important operating systems are:
- Apple OS
System-related languages such as ANSI C, C, C ++, C # and Assembly Language are used as programming languages.
In addition to the specializations presented, there are a number of other (very special) possible uses for programmers:
- Algorithm design (search, sorting, encryption, decryption, communication)
- Programming languages / compiler design / optimization
- Artificial intelligence fields (pattern recognition, speech recognition, natural language processing, neural networks)
- Scientific programming
- Programming of supercomputers
- Computer-aided design / modeling (CAD / CAM)
- Virtual reality
- Computer graphics
If you decide to become a programmer, it is in principle a good choice. You have a professional career ahead of you with many challenges and an above-average salary. What you make of it depends on your flexibility, job satisfaction and your plans.
8 step instructions: How do I start programming?
How you can best learn to program computers depends, of course, on your personal starting point. The following steps can help you find the right path.
Step 1: be ready to work hard
Computer programming is a rapidly changing field. You should be ready to read lots of tutorials and books. Attending training events is essential to keep up with the fast pace.
Step 2: Find a teacher or mentor
As a lone fighter, you won't get very far in programming. Find a group, teacher or mentor who will guide you, correct your mistakes and give you feedback. This is how you can bridge the gap between theory and practice.
Step 3: choose your path
Decide which type of programming suits you best. Perhaps you will find the road to success in database programming. Or you decide for the versatile web development with its many possibilities. Or maybe you have a career as an application developer. Nobody can make this decision for you, but most programmers know which direction they want to go.
Step 4: learn the basics of software development
There is no career without an in-depth knowledge of software development and its tools.
Step 5: Gain experience that you can build on
Theory is one part, practice the other. Wherever possible, the motto is: practice, practice, practice. Use open source software and familiarize yourself with how it works. Then create modules or plug-ins for it.
Step 6: commercial software development
Take advantage of the real world challenges and start developing commercial software. Learn how software projects work (and sometimes fail). Communicate and negotiate with customers.
Step 7: certificates are important
Nothing impresses a potential employer or customer more than a series of important certificates.
Step 8: Choose between full-time and freelance work
A full-time job with a company is less risky. Choose a career model that is based on your knowledge and is compatible with your ideas about life.
Where can I learn to program?
Basically, you can learn programming through self-study at home, at the adult education center, preferably of course at a university (distance university, distance learning institute, software company) or school. The offer is huge and suitable for all requirements. It is important that the degree is attested by a certificate.
However, more and more potential programmers are interested in courses from online teaching institutes. Anyone who has a smartphone or tablet can get into the topic online. You can improve your coding skills with these providers.
- Mozilla Developer Network
How long does it take to learn to code?
Programming computers requires lifelong learning. How long you need for the basics depends on the individual use of your resources. It must have been a year before you can earn your first money with a program.
But now: Have fun learning to program;)
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