What is a crosswind landing simple explanation
4.18 LANDING IN SIDEWIND
- Hold on final approach
- Align the aircraft in the landing direction before rounding out
- counteract the wind vane effect when rolling out with the rudder
Landing in a crosswind means having enough space on the final approach so that you are flying in the direction of landing and are not displaced by the crosswind. You fly with an appropriate lead angle (1). You turn the aircraft nose against the wind. You choose the lead angle so that you are not driven off.
Shortly before the rounding, you align the aircraft longitudinal axis with the rudder in the landing direction. If that happens too late, you push on. This means that the longitudinal axis of the aircraft is not the same as the direction of movement. The chassis can be loaded and damaged with large lateral forces.
Another lead method (2) is landing with a hanging surface. To avoid being driven off, hold the wing facing the wind a little lower. The longitudinal axis of the aircraft is aligned and held in the landing direction with the rudder. With this method, it is therefore not necessary to align the aircraft before touching down. Since this is a sliding state, the thread blows out sideways.
WIND VANE EFFECT
After landing, hold the wing facing the wind a little lower and use the opposite rudder to compensate for the wind vane effect.
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