What can be found in medical specialties

All medical specialties at a glance

Skilled labor shortage vs. skilled labor surplus

The number of doctors in Germany has been increasing for years, but not quickly enough to compensate for the prevailing shortage of specialists. What is bad for an aging society is fueling job prospects for doctors. However, the actual career opportunities and the demand for specialists depend heavily on the specialty and, above all, on the regional location.

The shortage of specialists is far greater in rural areas than in cities. Taking Landshut as an example, there are 10.1 ENT doctors per 100,000 inhabitants in Landshut, while there are only 1.3 ENT doctors in the entire Landshut district. It looks similar with paediatricians. There are 24.6 doctors in the city compared to 4.5 paediatricians in the countryside. Finding an orthopedic surgeon or neurologist is particularly difficult for the residents of the Landshut district.

The shortage of specialists in rural areas has led to the so-called country doctor quota. Here, federal states can link parts of the study places to the condition that the students later work as family doctors in underserved areas.

In order to be able to calculate the career prospects for the medical specialties, a medical consulting company has the number of doctors compared to the advertised positions. Accordingly, the field of hygiene and environmental medicine had the greatest difficulty in filling open positions in 2018: in purely mathematical terms, they had the fewest applicants for open vacancies, namely 10.5 applicants for all vacancies. Psychosomatic medicine ranks second with a value of 11.6. Specialists in geriatrics (11.8) and public health specialists (12.6) are in almost as much demand. Gastroenterologists, pulmonologists, psychiatrists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, cardiologists and specialists in plastic surgery follow the ranks of the most sought-after disciplines for doctors.