Why do rods have a low sharpness
Cutter fishing on the Baltic Sea - that's how it works
Cod fishing on the open Baltic Sea is a highlight for every petri fanatic. But for many, a deep sea trip on a fishing cutter is completely new territory. It starts with the choice of the right rod and saltwater-proof reel and ends with the bait, the metal perks that belong in your fishing gear. If you do not want to go home as a "tailor" without fish, you should therefore follow a few basic rules - because nothing is nicer than preparing the big catch in the kitchen for the family after a day at sea.
Light pirk rod for fatigue-free fishing
Let's start with the fishing rod: Thanks to the latest carbon fiber technology, the whips are slim and light nowadays. There are good carbon pilk rods in specialist shops for around 50 euros. In order to be able to circle the fishing gear better around the many structures that hinder the throwing of the ocean cutters, the rod should be about three meters long. This also enables sufficient throwing distances, which are necessary on some days. The maximum casting weight, i.e. how much we can hang on the rod without any problems, should be between 170 and 200 grams. However, on many fishing days with little wind and current, a pike spinning rod with a casting weight of around 80 grams is completely sufficient. Many manufacturers offer a special "Baltic Pilk" series that is tailored to Baltic Sea fishing.
Be careful with rods that are too soft: although they offer a lot of fun while fighting the fish, they make it difficult to guide the bait. With some Light Pilk models, pecking movements with bait around 75 grams already cause enormous deflections of the rod, which cost a lot of strength. It is better to fish a little tighter rods, with which only light plucks provide a nice game of bait. To prevent the rod from flying around in rough seas, a Velcro rail holder for around five euros is an indispensable tool.
Don't skimp on the saltwater-proof roll
The role should definitely be a robust and, above all, saltwater-proof model of the 3000 or 4000 size. Make sure that the line is laid absolutely neatly, otherwise you will have time-consuming and expensive line salad later when fishing with the braided line. Anyone who invests around 100 euros already gets a model with an acceptable winding pattern and is on the safe side. Anyone who compromises when laying the line can buy robust, saltwater-proof all-metal workhorses from an American manufacturer for around 60 euros.
Braided line - A must for cod
There are still anglers who fish the classic monofilament nylon line on the cutter, but the scene actually agrees: When porking for cod, braided material belongs on the reel. Braided fishing line consists of many small fibers that are put together to form a strand - ideally round braided. This line type offers several advantages: When fishing, there is hardly any line twist, the lines have a much higher load capacity with the same diameter and braided lines have only minimal stretch. What does this mean for cod fishing? If you used to fish with monofilament lines with a diameter of about 0.5 millimeters, today a braided line 0.15 to 0.17 millimeters thick is sufficient. The much thinner line offers the current a much smaller area of attack. We can therefore reach the bottom of the sea with much lighter bait. Lighter baits are much more seductive for the fish when fishing.
The only slight stretching of the braided lines also offers a much more direct contact with the bait and with the fish during the fight. We can spot bites more easily and control the bait and its ground contact more easily. A monofilament cord, on the other hand, has an elongation of 15 to 35 percent, depending on the material. If we fish at a depth of 20 meters, we now have to make considerable movements with the rod so that a game of bait occurs on the bottom. You should choose yellow or red as the color of the line, so you can always keep an eye on your own line and avoid fiddling with the neighbor. For fishing, about 200 meters of braided line should be available on the fishing reel, the rest of the capacity can be relined by the fishing tackle dealer with the much cheaper Mono. Many cutter captains also offer fully assembled inexpensive rental rods for newbies.
The leader connects the main line and the bait
Once the rod, reel and line have been put together, assembly begins. A sea vortex is knotted at the end of the main line. From this we hang the so-called leader, a roughly one meter long, strong monofilament piece of string, at the end of which a metal fish (pirk) or a rubber fish on a lead head hook (jig) is hung with a carabiner swivel. To increase the catch, many anglers mount one or two side arms for by-catchers about 50 centimeters above the main bait. These are usually so-called twisters or small rubber fish on mini jigs or the classic cod fly. Small rubber octopus imitations are also common. After the rod is jerked up (pilken), the baits develop their game in the sinking phase - by tumbling or wiggling the rubber tail. They simulate sick fish and thus easy prey for the cod. It is always fished close to the bottom, there the cod goes in search of food.
The pirk - a classic among artificial baits
The bait colors, shapes and weights that are used depend on the current and, above all, the menu of the Baltic leopards. Let's start with the pirk: Basically, the pirk has to be chosen so difficult that it reaches the bottom without any problems after casting. On days with strong winds and a lot of currents, fast-sinking models - so-called pointed head pilks - should therefore be fished, with their center of gravity in the front. While fishing, watch your neighbors: What colors are fish caught on? Change your assembly accordingly. Weights between 60 and 125 grams are recommended for beginners, so that almost all weather situations are manageable. The following color classics are recommended for the bait box in different weight variants: If the cod herring is hunting, it is worth trying green / silver, blue / silver or blue / pink / silver. Brown tones can be catchy when the Baltic Sea elephants fill their stomachs with lugworms. Orange / silver is worth a try if crabs are on the menu. Black in cloudy weather and at dusk, silver / metallic (with reflective film) in greater depths, yellow tones in sunny weather and as universal colors black / Japanese red and Japanese red / green.
Soft lures - the modern angler's secret weapon
Rubber fish around 12 centimeters should be fished between 50 and 75 grams on the jig head. Regarding the colors: The same applies here as with the pirk, the combinations motor oil / glitter, orange / black, yellow tones, red tones and blue / glitter form a good color base. With the twisters for the by-catcher arm, all combinations of black and Japanese red, Japanese red solo, orange and brown have proven to be very catchy. Cod flies usually simulate small crabs, here the standard colors are black and orange.
Correct fishing in the drift and drift
During the fishing stops, cutter captains always lay their ships in the waves so that the wind either comes from the front (drift) or is angled with the wind behind (drift). In the drift the boat drifts away from the bait, here it is enough to lower the pirk directly on the ship's side. If we feel ground contact, we begin to pick up the assembly by lifting the rod. When the bait is back on the bottom, we perform another pirk movement. If the ground contact is lost due to the drift, the cord must be yielded by opening the bail arm. If we fish in the drift, the assembly must be ejected as far as possible so that the boat does not drift over the bait immediately. Between the pirk movements we have to tighten the cord again and again by cranking it in. Once the assembly has reached the cutter, the bait should be cranked up quickly, otherwise there is a risk of tuddling with the anglers from the other side of the boat or the assembly will be lost on the sharp-edged hull. In the drift, you can also fish well with lugworms on the butt rig and a heavy bottom lead: It is not uncommon for large quantities of flatfish and whiting, the cod's little relative, to be hooked.
Pure excitement - the fight and the landing
If a Baltic leopard goes on the hook, make a soulful, light strike, you will clearly feel the headbeats of a larger fish in the rod. Keep the line under tension to prevent the fish from shaking the hook. Use the spring force of the rod and the reel brake for big fish. In the case of larger specimens, it should release line to tire the fish. Once the first attempts to escape are over, start "pumping up" the fish: pull the fish piece by piece to the surface of the water with the rod, always cranking the line you have won. Smaller specimens can be lifted over the ship's side on the cord, larger cod must be landed by the cutter crew with the fish hook, the gaff. If no one of the crew is on the spot immediately, it is not impolite loud "Gaff!" to call.
Care for the catch properly
If the cod is on deck, a tape measure is first used to check whether the catch has reached the minimum required by law. If the cod is moderate, it is first stunned with two to three strong blows with the fish killer on the head above the eyes. Only now is the triplet removed with the release pliers. The fish is then thrown with a sharp knife. To do this, place the knife behind the gills and pull it through to the spine. Even if it looks martial, the throating is part of the humane killing of the fish, the cod bleeds and is immediately dead. Unfortunately, many anglers often forget the handle of the knife, so that some larger fish that have survived the blow on the head , have to torment in the fish crates. The throat cut also has only advantages for the subsequent processing of the cod: It prevents the fillets from bleeding in during cutting. In the summer months, the catch must be protected from spoilage by cooling.
Attention: Due to the heavily collapsed cod stock, there is currently a catch limit (bag limit) for recreational anglers: two fish may be taken during the spawning season, and a maximum of five fish per day during the rest of the year.
Filleting cod on the cutter
When the cutter is on its way home, the catch can be slaughtered and cut up on the filleting tables on board. First gut the fish. Place the sharpened filleting knife on the pectoral fin and make a cut perpendicular to the side line up to the neck, turn the knife on the bone and cut along the back above the middle bone. At the level of the anal fin, pierce the knife across the fish above the center bone so that the knife tip emerges on the other side. Now pull the knife gently through to the base of the tail. Now the fillet is only attached to the belly flap and the chest bones. Cut the fillet as far as possible along the breast bones. Now place the fish on the folded belly flap, also fold the loosened fillet over and cut it off at the breast bones.
Proceed in the same way with the other half of the fish. The remaining breast bones can be removed with the so-called V-cut and bone nippers. To peel the fillet, place the meat side up on the filleting board. Detach the meat at the base of the tail with an oblique cut from the skin. Grasp the piece of skin between your thumb and forefinger and pull the fillet over the blade. The knife is only held in place. Then rinse the fillets with seawater and store in a cool box. This method is a mix of both techniques shown in the videos. Before roasting or cooking the meat should rest in the refrigerator for a night so that it does not disintegrate when heated.
Cod season: Late autumn is the ideal time of year
Cutter captains go out for cod fishing on the Baltic Sea almost all year round. The ideal time of year is certainly late autumn. At this time of year the water has the optimal temperature for the cod to search for food in the shallower coastal waters of the Baltic Sea. From late February to late April, the cod spawn in the western Baltic Sea. If you go fishing during this time, you have to expect that a big cod full of eggs will be hooked. Since the cod population is threatened by intensive professional fishing, everyone should decide for themselves whether they can reconcile this with their conscience. There is no official closed season, but at least we recreational anglers should give the fish the opportunity to reproduce undisturbed. After all, we want to pursue our beautiful hobby in the future as well.
Legal - fishing with the holiday license
Fishing law is a national matter, so the rules that anglers have to follow are unfortunately very different. If we go on a long voyage from a Schleswig-Holstein port, a valid annual fishing license and proof that the annual fishing tax has been paid in this federal state is sufficient. For an angler from Hamburg, for example, this means that in addition to the valid fishing license of the Hanseatic city, he must include a supplementary form in his documents that contains a valid fee stamp for the annual fishing tax in Schleswig-Holstein. Fishing without a fishing license is also possible on the coast with the so-called "holiday fishing license". If the operator of a fishing trawler ensures through his supervision that fishing and animal welfare regulations are followed, fishing may even be carried out without a fishing license if the annual fishing fee has been paid. You should clarify in advance by phone whether this is possible on the fishing cutter of your choice. The supplementary license, the annual stamps and the holiday fishing license are available in every citizen's office in the northernmost state or online.
In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania a coastal permit must be carried along with the annual fishing license. In Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania it is also possible to get a "holiday fishing license" as a trial angler. It is valid for 28 days and can be extended several times within a year. The documents can also be purchased online.
Legal information for anglers
Minimum dimensions and closed seasons
Jage stamp and coast license
Big fish: fishing in the north
Where are the most beautiful fishing spots in Northern Germany? Which fish are hooked there? Tips on equipment and worthwhile destinations for amateur fishermen. more
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Rod out, the fun begins! | 08/30/2020 | 12:45 a.m.
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