How does politics work in the USA

How does the US political system work?

The US President has exceptionally extensive powers and is therefore only allowed to run for elections twice. He is head of state and head of government at the same time. However, he has no formal rights of initiative in legislation. His domestic success depends on how well he can get Congress on its side on legal issues.


If Barack Obama won the election, he could work with a broad Democratic majority in Congress. A rarity in the US political system.

As a legislative bicameral system, the House of Representatives and Senate represent an effective counterweight to the President. The House of Representatives currently has 435 members who represent their constituencies in Washington. In contrast, the Senate forms the legislative representation of the American states at the federal level.


Unlike the composition of the House of Representatives, all states send two senators each. These are elected for six years, with a third of the senators standing for election every two years.

The constitution does not provide for an early area code for the office of president. That is why the Vice President, as deputy, has a prominent position in the US political system. 1974 Gerald Ford replaced Richard Nixon, who had resigned. In 1963, Lyndon B. Johnson followed John F. Kennedy after his assassination death.

The only judicial body mentioned in the Constitution is the Supreme Court. It is also a federal and constitutional court. He is currently presided over by nine judges.

All information, pictures and graphics about the election campaign in the USA can be found here.