Why is Namibia so dry

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Climate Namibia

The climate in Namibia is through Lack of rain and high, day and season strongly fluctuating temperatures characterized.

in the west of the country Precipitation extremely rare. The coastal climate is characterized by the cold Benguela Current certainly. This, together with the strong southwest wind, prevents the formation of clouds, but regularly ensures thick fog. The temperatures are pleasantly cool in southern summer, while in the winter months it can also be very cold during the day. The water temperature reaches 12-14 ° C and is hardly inviting for bathing.

In the Namib desert is it very warm all year round. Even in southern winter 25 ° C is normal. In the hottest months of December and January, the thermometer often rises above 40 ° C during the day, while in the coldest months of July and August it can drop to freezing point at night. During the day, however, the temperatures are back to around 25 ° C.

in the Inland highlands it is common with 100 - 400 mm of precipitation wetter. It is characterized by hot summer and mild winter out. The average temperature in July is 13 ° C. At night there can even be frost. At the beginning of the rainy season, the highest values ​​are measured with an average of 23 ° C.

The Caprivi stripes is one of the alternately humid tropics. He will hot and humid climates embossed. In contrast to other parts of the country, the humidity is very high here.

Between December and March must in Namibia with short and violent Rains be expected (main rainy season). The rest of the year is mostly dry. The rainfalls are from the southwest with 20 - 50 mm per year towards the northeast with up to 800 mm per year in the Caprivi Strip more and more frequent and productive.


Weather namibia

Weather in Windhoek, the capital of Namibia

Weather in Namibia: The temperatures and precipitation for Windhoek in Namibia come from the website yr.no and are provided by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. The forecast is updated four times a day.


Monthly overview

During the day it is hot and rainfalls have to be expected, especially in the evening. Nature continues to show itself in full splendor. Everything is green and blooming. The towns on the coast are still overcrowded until the middle of the month. When the big holidays in Namibia and South Africa end and the sea gets colder again, things will be largely tranquil again until mid-December. In the Etosha National Park, the large, very shallow depressions fill with water and attract a lot of game and birds. In addition, the young are now born.

The rainy season is at its peak. Now in rainy years it can happen that water even penetrates into Sossusvlei in the Namib. Due to the still dense vegetation, animal observations are now very difficult. They also now find enough water in the bush and no longer concentrate at the water points. Since it is now the low season, relatively cheap prices can be obtained.

Temperatures remain high, but rainfall is slowly decreasing. Now the rivers to the north as well as the Victoria Falls carry most of the water. Sometimes the spray is so strong that you can no longer see the falls on the ground. They can only be seen in their entirety from an airplane.

The rainy season is saying goodbye and temperatures are starting to drop. Since there is hardly a cloud to be found in the sky, the visitor can expect sunshine all day. With the arrival of the Namibian autumn, the Fish River Canyon will open again in mid-April, which was closed to visitors during the summer due to the great heat.

Although no more rain can be expected from May and the sun shines from a bright blue sky all day, you will now meet only a few tourists in Namibia outside of the typical holiday times. Sometimes you have the dunes in Sossusvlei or the animals in Etosha National Park all to yourself.

Winter begins in Namibia. From now on, night frosts are possible. Warm clothing is an essential part of your luggage. This also includes thick sleeping bags, as very few hotels have heaters. Because of the lack of precipitation, nature is beginning to wither. Greyish-brownish colors begin to dominate the green.

July is usually the coldest month in Namibia. The difference between day and night temperatures is considerable. During the day the thermometer climbs to 20 ° C. In the evening, however, it gets really fresh and at night the temperatures sometimes drop well below 0 ° C. Rain is extremely rare during this time. If it falls, it will be in the south, where it rises from the Cape of Good Hope. Because of the low temperatures, there may even be sleet showers and snowfalls. If you put your foot into the ice-cold sea water, you will understand that the Benguela Current comes directly from the Antarctic.

It will remain cold until the middle of the month. But then it gradually gets warmer during the day. This is also the time of the bush fires, as the parched grass is ideal for dry thunderstorms. Since the last green has disappeared from the vegetation, the wild animals can now be easily observed. From now on they also gather at the few permanent water points, as the seasonal rivers and water holes in the bush have now finally dried up. This also improves the observation possibilities. Since many tourists are coming from Europe from August onwards, prices are now rising and many lodges and hotels are fully booked. It is therefore advisable to book accommodation well in advance.

Temperatures continued to rise in September, but remained bearable in large parts of the country. Only in the very south is it already so hot again that the Fish River Canyon will be closed to visitors again from the middle of the month. Sometimes whales can be found again in the whale bay this month. There are also good opportunities for animal observation.

In October the mercury column only knows one direction: up. The heat of "spring" of around 30 degrees now also reaches the middle and north of the country. The lack of water now drives the last of the large animals out of the bush to the few permanent water points. It is therefore not easier to observe them as a tourist than in October. Otherwise, after several months of dry season, the country is parched and cold.

In November it gets really hot and everything is waiting for the relieving rain. The temperatures reach values ​​averaging 30-35 ° C per day. Excursions should best be undertaken in the early morning hours so as not to get caught in the heat of the day. Due to the hot days and nights, the number of visitors and thus the prices for accommodation and tours are now falling. As the rainy season is just around the corner, the first green buds are showing up again on trees and bushes.

The rainy season finally begins in December. After the first rainfall, the entire country turns green within a few days. Even in the desert the vegetation is awakening. Numerous plants are now blooming. Since the soil is bone dry and severely eroded in many areas, it cannot absorb the water quickly enough. Real torrents can arise. However, if the rain is delayed, it will also get really hot in December. For European vacationers, the temperatures with peaks of 40 degrees, especially on a safari in the Etosha National Park, are now too high. In addition, December is the big vacation in Namibia and South Africa. This also applies to some guest farms. The remaining accommodations, lodges and campsites are full. Since the Benguela Current has its highest temperatures at this time and reaches bathing temperature for a few weeks, the places on the coast awaken from their slumber and are overrun by locals and tourists.

Best travel time for Namibia

Especially recommended for a trip to Namibia April / May and August to October. Then the temperatures during the day are a pleasant 25 ° C and you always have a bright blue sky.

In April and May you will only meet a few other holidaymakers and have the lodges and nature almost to yourself. During this time, the temperatures slowly drop to a comfortable level, and it also rains less.

Of June to October are the Animals best to observe: it is dry and the animals can often be found at the remaining water holes. In the Atlantic, whale sightings are possible between July and November.

The high tourist season for Namibia starts in July and ends around the beginning of November. Bookings for this period should be made as early as possible, otherwise it is quite possible that you will no longer get the rental car you want or no place to stay in the accommodation you want.

The months December to February should be avoided because of the extremely high temperatures and rainfall. In June and July (southern winter) it can quickly become very cold in Namibia after sunset.

During the Christmas holidays in Namibia and South Africa, the tourist rush on the coast (especially around Swakopmund) is quite large. If you are traveling in the region during this time, it is worth booking in advance.

Here you can find more information about weather, climate and travel time in Namibia.


Climate table Namibia

Climate in Namibia (south, coast): Swakopmund

Climate Namibia (center of the country, highlands): Windhoek

Namibia climate (north): Rundu


Climate in southern Africa

For information on the climate, the best travel time and weather in other countries in southern Africa, simply click on the country names on the map: