Name of your first dog
Puppy training - that's what counts!
The most important commands
The command "here"
Certainly the most important command a dog has to learn for puppy training: To be available in every imaginable situation. The training of the command “Here!” Is quite easy to accomplish, especially in puppyhood, as young dogs still have a strong need to follow their caregiver. Here, too, waiting for the right time is of great importance. Only call your dog over when you are absolutely sure that he will come and not when he is busy sniffing a blade of grass or carrying a stick around. When the timing is right, call out your dog's name and encourage him to come to. You can do this by clapping softly, with the help of a toy, or even running away, depending on what your puppy best jumps at.
As soon as your puppy has almost reached you, give him the command “Here!” (Or whatever word you choose for the call). When he is with you, celebrate a real celebration with praise, treats and a great game. Approaching must always be combined with a particularly great experience, so that your dog has the feeling that you are the better alternative than what he is doing at the moment. For this reason, you should never scold him when he comes to you. Not even if he joins you again after three hours of illegal rabbit hunting ...
Once your puppy has understood what the word “Here!” Means, you can also dare not to say it just before you arrive, but rather to use it to actually call him. To do this, still stay in a low-irritant environment. Little by little you can increase the level and incorporate increasingly stronger distractions. If you stay on the ball, you'll have a little housemate in no time at all who will rush to you at the slightest word.
The command "sit"
Another very useful command in puppy training is to sit down on command. Even small puppies who have no previous learning experience will get it very quickly. Stand or crouch in front of your dog, take a treat between your thumb and middle finger and stretch your index finger up. In this way, your puppy will get used to a visual signal during puppy training. Now bring his nose with the treat upwards so that he has to put his head back. At some point he will sit on the floor. While the buttocks are moving towards the floor, give the command “Sit!”. Just as the dog's rump hits the ground, give him the biscuit and praise him.
Tip: Always give a command at the beginning of a new exercise when your protégé is about to carry it out. In this way you prevent a word from "wearing out" due to unsuccessful attempts.
The command "place"
Building on “Sit!”, The command “Sit down!” Can be practiced in training with the puppy. Let your dog sit in front of you. Clamp a treat between the index and middle fingers of your flat hand (visual signal!), With which you then lead the dog down by the nose and a little forward. When your dog starts to lie down, introduce the command. The moment he is lying down (make sure that the whole body really touches the ground), release the reward and praise him. In some cases, this training variant does not achieve the goal because the dog gets up again and again as soon as the treat moves forward. Then try the following solution: Sit on the floor and bend both legs so that a small “tunnel” is created for your puppy. Lure him under your legs with a treat so he has to crawl on his stomach. As soon as he is on the ground, give him the command and praise him verbally and over the food. Of course, you can also lure your dog under a chair or something similar.
Tip: Whenever you build up an exercise with the help of a treat, you should refrain from this support as soon as possible and only reward with food that was not yet visible when the command was given. Otherwise your dog will only react in the future if his reward is presented to him in advance.
The command "stay"
Again and again you will find yourself in everyday situations in which it is necessary to tell your dog to stay in place. Have your puppy sit down in front of you for this exercise. Clear body language is often enough to convey the basic meaning of the word “Stay!” To him. Stand in front of your dog, leaning slightly forward, and stretch the palm of your hand towards him. So you suggest simply by your attitude: “Stop, stay where you are!”. Now give the verbal command, take a small step back and then forward again and reward your puppy for staying seated. Only then dissolve the command, otherwise you will reward your protégé for getting up!
If he starts walking with the first small step, you can reduce the difficulty even further by just taking a light rocking step backwards. In the event of a failed attempt, bring your puppy back to the starting point without comment and start over. When training puppies, try to always pay attention to your body language: When stepping back, stay leaned forwards anyway, because if you shift your center of gravity backwards, this can be an invitation for attentive dogs to follow you. If a single step backwards works, you can gradually increase the distance and increase the amount of time you hold out. Professionals even manage to stay, even though their mistress has disappeared around a corner.
The command "Off"
Not only in play, your dog should immediately surrender what it has in its catch at your command. Draining food found outside can also save your dog's life. Play with your puppy with a toy that you can still get a grip on even if he is holding it in his catch. Put your hand over his snout and this will cause him to let go of the toy. At this moment you give the command "Off!". Reward the puppy with food or with a game. You can use a different or the same toy for the latter. In this way he learns that his toy does not immediately disappear just because he has to hand it in briefly. After a few training units, the snout grip will no longer be necessary and your child dog will let go of the object that it is holding in its catch simply by the given command.
Some advisors suggest an exchange deal to learn the command "Off!" In order to avoid physical measures such as snouting. However, this can mean that your dog only sells an item if there is a better offer. But when he wants to take in something edible outside, something of higher value is often not at hand. In addition, negotiating does not belong in a functioning social structure in the pack. Decisions are made by the senior and not discussed in depth. For this reason, you shouldn't ask your dog if he could imagine giving his toy in exchange for an even better toy, but simply tell him to do so. And what better way to communicate this than through a gesture your puppy already knows from his mother?
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